Trekking is a hiking trip in the mountains. The first time I went to trekking in the Himalayas from Nagar to Malana and Manikaran, having no idea what awaits me. worn out along the way, it's not the right word.
After I went downstairs, I talked about the experience of Achababe, who had a long face, and he told something to his group, whose faces were out of proportion. This is not to say that Vladislav does not know the mountains of northern India, but that the rescue of trekkers is the work of the takkers themselves, and you need to seriously prepare for a hike in the Himalayas, not relying only on the information of your guide or travel agency. Many of my acquaintances, who went to the Himalayas for a walk, faced the same problems solely out of ignorance. So if this is the first time you decided to go on a trip to the Himalayas or trekking is included in your tour itinerary, I think these tips will come in handy.
I only had the experience of traveling in the Kullu Valley of the Himachal Pradesh state (1 time) and the Himalayas of Uttaranchal State (Uttarakhand) in Garhwal and Kumaon districts (3 trips to), I do not consider walking during the day without an overnight stay , start from 2, climb up to 4.6 thousand meters from August to October, that is, my useful advice is valid only for light trekking at low altitudes. If you are planning something taller and taller, go to the mountain. y, trekking along the Himalayan foothills (heights less than 2.5 thousand) probably have their own specifics, I just did not go to them.
- you should always take into account the season, for example, in the Himalayas (not in Tibet) in northern India, the season is from about the end of April to June, then the monsoon comes with heavy rains, accompanying mudflows and landslides, which leaves in September , the optimal weather is in October, in November at altitudes of more than 3.00 meters it is already snowing, the passes are closing. The season suitable for trekking and even just traveling is different in different regions of India, in Ladakh and Garhwal, for example, so collect weather information before purchasing your ticket.
- in my and familiar experience, an untrained office worker can walk about 10 km, more through force and with difficulty. Feel free to ask the guide twice or thrice. Indians and Nepalese can easily not understand you the first time, as well as the second, even if your English is perfect, or rather, in this case, no one will understand anyone. It is always better to write prices and numbers.
(high-altitude hypoxia) develops so where the mountains begin - at heights of 2.00 meters, i.e. if you climbed higher, the daily climb should be limited to 500 meters, if you deployed from the plains immediately at 2.00 and higher, acclimatization is necessary.
4. It is necessary to discuss the trekking route with the guides or guides! Stock with a guidebook (it can be Indian, they are schematic, but do not lie about the distances) or a map of the trekking route. Look and discuss all the points through which your path lies. Especially attentively it is necessary to stop at the places of overnight stay, the time to move from one place to another. Except in emergencies, the crossings end at sunset, that is, around 6-7 pm, depending on the weather and altitude.
If you have health problems or if the weather conditions at the trekking site may change, some places have a unique microclimate, for example, it is very humid in Kedarnath - discuss these circumstances, discuss all possible route options, including the truncated one. Interview several locals about the route, stopping points, weather conditions. The answers can be very different, but they will help you get an idea of where you are going and possible problems. If, when asked about the place through which you have to pass, the local resident will be silent, or speak evasively, most likely this is some kind of cult place, it is better to bypass it.
5. Price in India is always a matter of bargaining, better than a written one with a breakdown by day and options for a truncated route. If your physical fitness leaves much to be desired, do not skimp on porters - after all, you came to rest, not to be killed. If the backpack turns out to be too heavy in a day, you simply will not be able to shift it onto other people's shoulders. The cost of food and kerosene is most likely not included in the cost of tracking, so when buying (paying) it is worth finding out how much the guide and porters want to eat (if any), and add to this amount of food what you would like to eat, otherwise , you will simply return the leftovers of food, with which, while living in the hotel, there is nothing to do.
6. Trekking food that guides can prepare consists of boiled rice and dal (peas or other legumes) with spices, or with the addition of potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes. The food is very for everybody's taste, some culinary delights, IMHO, are simply not edible. I highly recommend stocking up on dry rations: porridge in bags, chocolate, cookies, nuts and raisins. At altitude, the water boils slowly and the food takes a long time to cook, standard rice and dal with tea are cooked for about 1.5 - 2 hours. Usually one of the guides or porters cooks, the rest just hang out before breakfast, it is quite difficult to get the rest to do something, for example, to collect tents. The locals won't go anywhere without food or on dry rations, but they get by with two meals a day, so if you don't have to eat lunch, you will save a lot of time.
7. The water in streams and waterfalls is completely transparent, cold, seemingly very clean and appetizing, but it is absolutely not worth drinking it, it is better to just wash or rinse and wet a kerchief on your head. Water flows from the mountains, and possibly flows through villages, and possibly through garbage dumps, such as in Malan, so you can easily get hepatitis and typhus by drinking such water. The water that you can buy on the way from local residents is most likely not a factory bottled water, but taken from a nearby source. Therefore, it is worth stocking up on disinfectants (chlorine tablets, etc.) and asking the guide to boil water in parking lots so that you can take it with you. If you still have to drink raw water and there is no disinfection, squeeze the local lemon (halo) into it, add sugar and salt. Be sure to buy some rum, the finest Indian rum. For disinfection, you need to drink 50-100 grams on an empty stomach, without eating. If you have eaten/drank something questionable, the dose should be increased. For warming, 1-2 caps are enough for a mug of hot tea.
8. Indians and Nepalese used as porters wake up at 6-7 a.m., they cannot speak quietly, and they also like to listen to the radio loudly, so they will most likely wake you up. You are unlikely to be able to persuade them not to make noise, so you need to go to bed early to get enough sleep.
As already told to "AiF" in No. 26, at the end of February 1945 (2 months before the fall of Berlin) the Nazi expedition "Black Eagle" arrived in the capital of Nepal Kathmandu - 24 scientists from the occult organization "Ahnenerbe »Under the direction of SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Rolf Höhne. For a month and a half they were engaged in excavations under the ancient Buddhist stupa Swayambhunath, in April they went to the border with Tibet, where they disappeared without a trace. Only one person returned back - the cartographer Peter Aufschneiter.
Presumably, SS scientists were looking for the entrance to the mythical underground country of Agartha, where the "fountain of immortality" beats and the Hall of a Thousand Doors is located, capable of moving in time. The SS men were tasked with taking samples of "living water" from Berlin, as well as sending a note in the past with a warning to Himmler so that Germany would not attack the USSR and lose the war.
According to eyewitnesses, the staff of "Ahnenerbe" smuggled the image of "Iron Man" through the customs of Nepal. This is a heavy (10 kg) statue of the Buddhist deity Vaishravan with a swastika on his chest. It was carved in the 9th century. from a piece of the Chinge meteorite. It fell on the current territory of Russia (most of it - 250 kg - is now stored in the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg) 15,000 (!) Years ago.
The sculpture was brought from Tibet by SS Sturmbannfuehrer Ernst Schaefer in 1939 - since then it has been kept in Himmler's special storage facility. Shortly before the end of the war, the "Iron Man" disappeared - as the documents say, "by order of the Reichsfuehrer, the statue was taken to a safe place." For a long time nothing was known about the fate of Vaishravan, then in 2009 he was found at a private collector in Germany, put up for auction - and it immediately became clear that it was a fake. The real sculpture apparently disappeared along with the SS expedition.
- "Iron Man" was considered one of the main keys to the entrance to Agartha, - says Buddhist theologian Tsevang Outsang. - And it is quite logical if the scientists of the "Black Eagle" took him with them. According to Tibetan legends, a sculpture with a swastika is required to be installed under Swayambhunath and spread in front of it an ancient manuscript map - a ray of light from the statue will show where to go. Then, in the designated place, the image of Vaishravan will open a portal to the mythical country. The statue is made of the same material as the main tower of Agartha - the Shantamani stone, which, according to legend, fell from the sky in a casket, therefore there is a spiritual connection between them. The Russian mystic Nicholas Roerich insisted that it was a meteorite from the constellation Orion. However, the most important thing is that you can enter Agartha, but you cannot return, for mere mortals it is a one-way ticket. Probably the Germans did not know this.
It is interesting that after the war the employees of Ahnenerbe - the same Schaefer and Aufschnaiter - continued their stubborn search for Agartha for decades. In 1954-1960. Schaefer was a scientific adviser to the former King of Belgium Leopold III, known for his collaboration with the Nazis. The ex-monarch and his adviser often went on scientific expeditions - to Africa, to the Amazon and ... to the mountainous regions of Nepal. The Belgian press, as well as the second wife of Leopold, Lilian Beiles, later noted: the king was deeply imbued with the ideas of occultism, talked a lot about Agartha and Shambhala. Since Leopold was deposed during the protests in Belgium in 1951, it is possible that the king sought Agartha with the help of Schaefer, planning to change the past and return to the throne. And the ex-participant of the "Black Eagle" Peter Aufschnaiter, shortly before his death, incognito visited a mountainous area near the city of Jabdun on the border of Tibet with Nepal, famous for especially deep caves.
“In the modern world, Agartha seems like a complete fantasy,” explains research historian Thondup Dorji. - But in the XX century. she was taken seriously. The Russian philosopher Blavatsky claimed that she saw the entrance to the underworld with her own eyes. When in 1926 Nicholas Roerich handed to the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR Chicherin the "letter of the mahatmas" - sages from Agartha and Shambhala, he was not ridiculed. Likewise, Heinrich Himmler and King Leopold believed they were using Agartha to turn back time. Let's theoretically assume: let's say, using the "Iron Man" as a key, a group of SS men did end up in the underworld. But what happened next? You can't get out of there. Even the "fountain of immortality" is useless - a person who has drunk "living water" is granted eternal life exclusively within Agartha.
- Probably in April 1945, Aufschnaiter stayed with the belongings of those who went down to the cave indicated by Vaishravana, continues Thondup Dorji. - After fruitless expectations, he left - that's why he survived. I think that later Aufschnaiter again tried to find the entrance to the mythical country, but failed: he no longer had the key. Have the Germans been successful in trying to penetrate the past? No, otherwise you and I would now be living in a different world. There is also a more prosaic explanation - the SS expedition died, getting lost in a cave.
Incorrigible romantics have existed, exist and will continue to exist. For them, rest is not a warm beach with a book and a martini, but hiking along mountain paths among alpine meadows and snow-capped peaks. For adventure seekers, trekking in the Himalayas is the best sport, safe and enjoyable hiking option. At the same time, it is not necessary to have professional training and good health. It is quite enough strong legs and a great desire to forget for a while about the bustle of the city, to feel the unity with the majestic nature of the mountainous region.
Depending on the endurance and level of training, you can choose a short or long hike of various categories of difficulty, routes at low and medium altitude or high-altitude trekking. The highest mountain system of the Himalayas spreads over the territory of five states - Bhutan, India, China, Nepal, Pakistan. The most popular and interesting trekking routes are in India and Nepal.
The Himalayas have two seasons best suited for hiking. The first falls in May-June, in the mountains at this time of the year it is warm and dry. Then rainy weather sets in for several months, the monsoon season comes. The optimum climate is in September-October. Snowfalls are typical for November, the passes are closed for traffic.
Tours to Nepal involve traveling along several of the most popular routes. The most developed and in demand by tourists are tracks along the Annapurna, Langtan and Everest mountains, to the Helambu region. The Annapurna routes delight fans of trekking with a variety of landscapes. The ascents begin from a low altitude (about 1000 m above sea level), where travelers are greeted by mountain rivers, sheer cliffs, and magnificent nature. In addition, there is an opportunity to observe the cultural customs of the peoples living here.
Mountains part with a rise in height, vegetation is replaced by stunning wild landscapes of a mountain range with snow-capped peaks. Those whose goal is to contemplate the summit of the world of Everest will have stunningly beautiful, but less diverse views. The journey of an increased difficulty level lasts at least two weeks. Its culmination is the ascent of Kala Patar, the summit from which offers a magnificent view overlooking Everest. The trek in the Khilambu region is rich in ethnographic and cultural attractions. It is chosen by tourists who prefer short routes.
Huge opportunities for trekking fans are provided by the Indian Himalayas. The mountains in North India are not as high as in Nepal, and there are many well-known and only open hiking trails.
Ladakh region is a unique symbiosis of Tibetan and Indian cultures. This kingdom is one of the most mysterious and beautiful places in Tibet. Tracks pass through high-mountain valleys and passes, from which magnificent views of the Kun, Nun peaks, Zanskar ridges, along mountain rivers, huge snowfields and glaciers open. The itinerary must include a visit to ancient Buddhist temples and monasteries. You can go to Lake Tso Moriri, located high in the mountains. Its blue-green waters are surrounded by rocky peaks and majestic glaciers.
One of the most popular routes in the state of Himachal Pradesh is from the flourishing Kullu Valley to the rugged Lahol Valley. On the way, there is a wonderful "lunar" lake Chandratal, no less beautiful "sunny" lake Surajtal, rivers, streams, valleys with stunning views of the peaks of the Great Himalayan Range.
Good afternoon, dear readers - seekers of knowledge and truth!
Today we will continue to discover the mysterious world of the East, and we invite you to talk about monasteries in the Himalayas. The Himalayas is a truly unique place, it is the largest and highest mountain range on the planet, which stretches for thousands of kilometers. And this is the place where several countries have united at once and their cultures are intertwined.
In the material below, we will tell you which monasteries are hidden at the foothills and on the slopes of the Himalayan mountains, what makes these shrines amazing, what history they hide behind them and why you should definitely see them with your own eyes. Stay tuned and you will find out a lot of interesting things!
India has a completely unique state. His name is Himachal Pradesh, and this name means "a region on the snowy outskirts". And its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is completely located on the territory of the Himalayas.
Tibetans have lived here since ancient times, and therefore it is not surprising that this Indian state has a place called "Little Tibet". It is located in the Spiti Valley - at an altitude of over 3 thousand meters above sea level.
You can get to the Spiti Valley only three months a year, and you need to get there not by the sky, but by land - when the Kunzum, Rohtang passes and the passage through the Shimla area are open. The best time to visit is in summer because snow is rampant during the rest of the year.
The Spiti Valley can be proud of the small village of Tabo, enclosed in the embrace of picturesque mountains. However, the main thing here is the ancient Tibetan monastery, which was built back in 996. Over a thousand-year history, the façade is outdated and slightly submerged, but still well preserved for its venerable age.
Being here is like traveling in time. Assistants in such magic are the main pavilion, where the twilight glow reigns. The fact is that direct sunlight or artificial light can harm the ancient skillful frescoes, as well as the sculptures of bodhisattvas immortalized on the walls.
The sculptures of the major dharmapalas are made of alabaster and clay mixture. In the central part of the pavilion, you can see the Kalachakra mandala, and behind the altar building - the image of Mahavairochana.
Not far from the main hall, hidden in the rocks, are small monastic huts for retreats, similar to hermitages - secluded cells of hermits. When the tourist season is declining, and there are almost no pilgrims in the local temple, the monks go into seclusion to practice meditation. These meditations can last for days, weeks, months, and in exceptional cases, even years.
Stupa next to Tabo Monastery
Sagarmatha National Park is the "highest" among all parks in the world, riding on Chomolungma itself.
Information for visitors
In the north-east of the Republic of Nepal, in the Himalayas, on the slopes of Chomolungma, the highest mountain peak, lies the Sagarmatha National Park. The difference in elevation within its boundaries ranges from 2853 to 8848 m. This is the highest mountainous protected area. Numerous campgrounds and small hotels are located not far from it; beginners can use the services of guides and guides. You can fly to "Sagarmatha": there are several runways in the park, for example, above the town of Namche Bazar and near the village of Lukla. The runway in the Lukla village constantly receives aircraft from Kathmandu. The ability to visit the park often depends on the direction of the wind. Climbing the mountain is possible during only two periods: pre-monsoon (from April to May) and post-monsoon (from September to November).
Representatives of the Sherpa people, originally from the Tibetan province of Kam, have long lived in the highlands in eastern Nepal. Sherpas are engaged in cattle breeding, their existence with might and main depends on alpine pastures and breeding zuo and yaks. At one time, the main source of income for this people was the livestock trade. Agriculture is also a traditional occupation. Sherpas grow potatoes, oats and barley. On the territory of the park, at an altitude of 3.5 to 4.5 km, there are 63 settlements of this ethnic group. In the middle of the 20th century, Nepal opened its borders to foreigners, and a stream of climbers rushed here. Many Sherpas began to help them climb the mountain peaks. At first they played the role of porters, now Sherpas are excellent guides and guides who know the highlands like the back of their hand. The partner of Edmund Hillary, who first conquered the peak of Everest in 1953, was the Sherpa Norgay Tenzing. Since 1965, the number of tourists on the southern slopes of the Himalayas has been increasing annually, and, consequently, the anthropogenic pressure on this unique territory is also increasing. In 1976 it received the status of the National Park, and in 1979 Sagarmatha became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2002, a buffer zone was created here, and in 2007. Lake Gokyo has been declared a wetland of international importance, subject to the terms of the Ramsar Convention.
The Himalayas were formed in the Tertiary (Oligocene). This is one of the most complex and young mountain systems of the Earth. It has all the elements of the classic alpine relief: peaked peaks, steep slopes, glaciers, river valleys, narrow ridges and mountain lakes.
Almost the entire Sagarmatha National Park is located in the zone of seismic activity and consists of glaciers, talus, almost lifeless rocks, stony moraines. Approximately 30% of the park is alpine meadows and alpine pastures, and only 3% is forests. The main watershed of the Himalayas coincides with the northern border of the park and the state borders of China (Tibet Autonomous Region) and Nepal. The main river "Sagarmatha" - Dudh-Kosi - belongs to the basin of the Great Ganges. The source of Dudh Kosi begins in the glaciers of 4 valleys:
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