If you fall ill with such a disease as tourism, then this is already a complex problem that arises before you. In such a situation, you will have to solve a number of questions that will help you on your further travels. One of the main issues is the selection of tourist equipment, which you cannot do without during the hike. This article will talk about special hiking shoes. Such special shoes are trekking boots, which are intended for hikes of varying degrees of difficulty, and some are even used for mountaineering ascents.
The trekking boots owe their appearance to the Italian climber Vitale Bramani. In 1937, he received a patent for a rubber sole invented by him, which later became known throughout the world under the name Vibram. Today all real trekking boots are equipped with such soles or their analogues. For the manufacture of trekking boots of the highest quality, they use not only a sole made of special rubber with a special tread pattern, but also a number of other modern high-quality materials. So for the manufacture of such boots, high-strength aramid fiber and membrane fabric are widely used. Trekking boot manufacturers continue to develop new materials.
Trekking boots of various brands are presented on the tourist footwear market today. But the palm in the production of this type of boots is held by Italian manufacturers. These are companies such as Asolo, Dolomite, Scrapa, Zamberlan, La sportive. In addition to Italy, countries such as Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Poland and Switzerland have launched trekking boots.
But before choosing trekking boots for yourself, you should familiarize yourself with some of their types. Currently, there is practically no official classification for such boots, and the "limits of use" even for the same manufacturer are rather ambiguous.
Depending on the type of hiking, boots can be roughly divided into:
1. Urban trekking boots. They can be used for everyday wear and not very difficult hikes. In comparison with ankle boots and work boots, they are much more comfortable.
2. Trekking sneakers. Manufacturers of these shoes recommend using them in warm areas. But one should not delude oneself on this score. They are too short to fix the ankle and protect the leg from dislocation. In addition, they provide little protection from stones and sand, and are best suited for walking on flat roads. Very often tourists take such shoes as a second pair for a hike on flat green areas. The lightness of sneakers, because their weight ranges from 400 to 500 grams, and their rather low price, create a competitive advantage over a number of other boot models. This advantage pays off in the first place if you walk a lot in the city and you like a sporty style of clothing.
3. Hiking boots. This shoe is a lightweight trekking boot for easy hikes. They are good because they are already high and it is good to walk in them over rough terrain, rising to a height of up to 2000 meters. Very often, manufacturers put the mark on boxes with such shoes - Tourist shoes.
4. Mountain boots. This type of shoe is designed for technically simple ascents and mountain hikes in the altitude range from 2000 to 6000 meters. They are powerful, heavy and hard shoes, some models of such shoes have special welts for crampons. If there are none, then you can always use crampons with a soft mount. Some manufacturers on the boxes with such shoes put the marking - Mountain boots.
To choose the right shoes, you need to try on the maximum number of pairs. The correct trekking boots should:
Match your itinerary. For example, in a one-day outing in the country, boots are not needed at all, sneakers are also suitable, unless, of course, you are more comfortable in boots.
Great to sit. Finding a good last is the key to choosing a shoe.
Provide the opportunity to put on a warm sock. It is absolutely normal for the shoes you choose to be half a size or even a size larger than those you wear in everyday life.
Have a guarantee and service. Unfortunately, in recent years, many manufacturers have shown a steady tendency towards a decrease in quality, there are often cases of defective models or even batches of a certain model. Shoes, produced 10-15 years ago, “walked” for 8-10 years, the current ones can boast, at best, 5-6 years of operation.
Outsole. Rigid, primarily for twisting. The tread pattern is deep. Protective welt. Along the perimeter of the boot. Protects the foot from side impacts, provides better grip by increasing the sole area. Midsole. Reduces shock loads on the leg that occur when walking. Profiled insole. It also reduces shock loads and wicks moisture away. Boot top. Made of durable water-repellent material. Internal lining. Made of membrane fabric (the most famous of which is Gore-tex) with synthetic insulation. Creates the effect of a thermos, protects against moisture. Tongue. Stitched on 3 sides, asymmetrical, with insulation. Performs a moisture protective function. Laces. Special weave, round in cross section with Kevlar fiber, which gives them strength. Hooks and eyelets. Durable, with anti-corrosion protection. Make the lacing comfortable and tight. Heel back. Fixes the ankle.
Heavy trekking shoes: these boots are made for serious trekking with enough weight on the shoulders, for multi-day trekking, light mountain routes. They are tall, very durable, and have minimal flex in the midsole. As a rule, they have a rubberized nose or full rubber band around the entire circumference of the boot along the sole, and sometimes even a back welt for cats.
Medium: Supports the ankle and protects against dislocation of the leg. It is recommended to use if the weight of the backpack exceeds 5-12 kilograms or if you are planning a long trip.
High: excellent ankle fixation on difficult routes or in mountainous terrain. Also recommended for purchase when the weight of the backpack exceeds 12 kilograms or a long trip is planned. However, I would not recommend walking on curtain walls - there will be no dislocation, but a fracture can be earned. The reason - the fixed ankle loses flexibility and control.
Any boots must be worn before the trip. Even if the shoes hardly wear out, you need not only to get used to this or that pair as such and to the lacing method, depending on the operating conditions, but also to let the shoes sit on your foot.
These materials affect the weight, breathability, strength and waterproofness of the boot.
One Piece: Excellent breathability, very durable, good waterproof performance. Most commonly used in heavy to medium trekking shoes. Boots with such a top must be spread so that the skin takes the optimal shape of the leg. Recently, dyed leather is increasingly being replaced by waxed leather with a special treatment, and nubuck, as more durable and strong counterparts.
The most popular winter activities are skiing, snowboarding and ice skating. In order for winter rest not to lead to colds, hypothermia, or even worse - to injuries, but leave a lot of positive emotions and pleasant memories, it is very important to choose the right shoes - ski boots.
A lot depends on the choice of ski boots: skiing safety, comfort for your feet, ski control and much more. As the pros say, boots are the most important piece of ski equipment, especially for beginners. When choosing ski boots, you need to consider your skill level. Beginners should focus on comfort first, which will allow them to quickly learn how to ski. The higher the skill level, the more important will be boot stiffness, fit and control.
Before buying, you should definitely try on shoes. The heel should fit snugly against the back of the boot and the toe should be slightly loose. It is also necessary to take into account that ski boots are worn with warm socks, which should not be forgotten when trying on. Most importantly, the boots should not create discomfort and put too much pressure on the foot. Skiing with these boots can lead to poor ski control and, consequently, injury.
Among the manufacturers of ski boots and other winter equipment, the following brands have earned the greatest trust of buyers:
Atomic is a large company from Austria that produces sports equipment and clothing. Among the offers of the company there are ski boots for every taste. HEAD is an American company - one of the leaders in the production of winter sportswear and equipment. Tecnica is one of the leading manufacturers of ski boots and other equipment from Italy. Salomon is one of the leaders in the European sports equipment market, originally from France.
Among the numerous assortments from the above manufacturers, the following models stand out.
Men's versatile ski boots for advanced skiers from an American manufacturer. Wide choice of sizes from 39 to 47. Does not cause discomfort when wearing, rolling and adapts to the shape of the leg. The price in stores is 12,000 rubles.
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