The North Caucasus is an amazing land between the Black and Caspian Seas, which is rightfully considered a real health resort in Russia. It attracts tourists with many healing mineral springs, the beauty of the landscapes and the greatness of the Caucasus Mountains, the purity of mountain rivers and lakes, a variety of historical sights and unusual places of interest to visit.
Natural attractions of the North Caucasus
The nature of the North Caucasus is unique and preserved in its original form. It is distinguished by a variety of landscape forms: alpine meadows, forests, mountain glaciers and semi-desert steppes, deep gorges and caves, thermal springs and waterfalls.
- Mount Elbrus is the highest point in Russia, located on the border of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic and Kabardino-Balkaria. The mountain has 2 peaks, one of which reaches a maximum height of 5.64 thousand meters. The Elbrus region is a popular ski resort in the country with a developed infrastructure: cable cars, tracks of various difficulty levels, high-mountain hotels and tourist centers.
- Vorontsov Caves are part of the cave system near the city of Sochi and are the largest caves in the region. An unusual natural labyrinth of underground tunnels with a length of about 12 km was formed in the rocks of limestone, which was once the bottom of the ocean. In addition to the remains of extinct animal species, traces of the camp of ancient people were found in their depths. Vorontsovskaya cave is the longest (4 km), but no more than half a kilometer of labyrinths are available for tourists, including:
- Prometheus grotto, reaching a height of 20 m, is decorated with stalactites and stalagmites ;
- Music Hall - so named because of the rocky ledge, similar to an impromptu stage, and bizarre growths-stalactites, resembling an organ in shape.
The caves are located near the village of Vorontsovka, 40 km east of the center of Sochi.
Monuments of history and architecture of the North Caucasus
The North Caucasus, interesting places to visit which are distinguished not only by their natural diversity, but also by their rich cultural and historical heritage, has over 300 architectural monuments of the federal level.
Naryn-Kala is an ancient defensive fortress of the 6th century, erected in Derbent as a barrier between the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. Therefore, it is often called the Caspian Gate. Together with the 42-kilometer wall of Dag-Bary, which came close to the sea, the fortress completely controlled all approaches and detours through the mountains. Today tourists can see a part of the citadel wall, the preserved water supply system and bath complex, the ruins of a temple and a palace. The city of Derbent is located in Dagestan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea, 130 km south of Makhachkala.
- The Akhun Tower is an observation tower on the mountain of the same name, in the Khosta district of the city of Sochi. It was built in the 1930s. by order of Stalin. The structure is made in the Romanesque style, made of rough limestone, and outwardly resembles the tower of a medieval castle. It was built at the highest point of Mount Akhun, at an altitude of 663 m, and the height of the tower itself is 30 m. An 11-kilometer highway was specially laid to the top of the mountain. The steps leading to the observation deck of the tower are located outside the building, encircling it around the entire perimeter. The observation deck offers breathtaking views of the nature of the Caucasus and the Black Sea coast, with a coverage range of up to 70 km.
- Narzan Gallery is an architectural landmark of Kislovodsk, built around the Narzan spring in the second half of the 19th century. The squat building of yellow-brown stone is made in the Gothic style, with crenellated towers and panoramic windows of galleries. Inside the premises, among the numerous sculptures and plants, there is a spring with healing water, under an octagonal glass dome. The gallery is located on K. Marx Avenue.
- Chaliapin's dacha is a house of the early XX century, which previously served as a favorite resting place for a popular opera singer. In an elegant mansion with a spacious veranda in the Art Nouveau style, today there is a literary and musical museum, meetings of writers and musicians are held. The interior and exterior have been preserved in their original form. The dacha is located on the street of the same name in Kislovodsk.
Modern sights of the North Caucasus
The North Caucasus, where you can find interesting places to visit in almost any city, impresses not only with a rich variety of historical monuments, but also with amazing sights of our time.
The North Caucasus is an amazing combination of landscapes, ancient monuments, mineral springs and plants. Those who dreamed of seeing miracles travel to the Caucasus to enjoy wonderful views and natural beauty.
To see the entire Caucasus in one trip is an unrealistic task. To make it easier for you to plan a route, we have prepared descriptions and photographs of all the most beautiful and interesting places in the region.
Attractions marked on the city map:
A natural monument located at the foot of Mashuk and has long attracted numerous researchers and tourists. Previously, one could only admire the beauty of the underground lake through holes in the rock. In our time, a tunnel was built, with the help of which you can go down to the healing underground spring.
The water of the lake contains bacteria that are medicinal for the body, released from the hydrogen sulphide springs under the lake. Locals believe that having bathed several times in the waters of the source, one can get rid of diseases forever.
Built in the early 20th century in a pseudo-Romanesque style. The building belonged to the Gukasov family, whose craft was the hotel business. Thanks to the construction of this dacha, the first comfortable rooms appeared in Pyatigorsk. After the revolution, the Elsa dacha was nationalized, and one of the buildings of the sanatorium was located there.