The sporting essence of mountaineering is overcoming heights, terrain, sometimes in the most unfavorable weather conditions. However, the delight caused by the conquest of a new peak smoothes all the difficulties of an extreme ascent. And correctly selected climbing equipment minimizes possible risks (purchased hastily, on the contrary, causes discomfort, injury, possibly death). That is why an experienced climber will never save on equipment.
Although this does not mean that a beginner climber can do without a helmet, zhumar, safety belt or any other important detail (after all, inexperienced does not mean immortal). But before buying personal climbing equipment, decide on the strategy and season of the hike, study the recommendations of experienced tourists.
Interesting fact! The word mountaineering comes from the name of the European mountain system - the Alps. About 150 years ago, two Frenchmen climbed Mont Blanc and became the founders of the extreme hobby.
The safety of a mountaineer ascent largely depends on the equipment of the climber, the contents of the mountain backpack. Clothing should be warm, breathable, waterproof and loose enough so as not to complicate movement.
Personal climbing equipment is made of durable yet lightweight materials. The complete set of personal equipment is determined by the type of ascent:
Climbing equipment/uniforms (boots, safety rope, crampons, carabiners, ice axes, hooks, etc.) will allow you to overcome obstacles, shelter from bad weather, save yourself from hypothermia, frostbite.
Pay attention! Before going to the highlands, draw up a tactical plan and sign the formalized exit from the senior.
When planning to go mountaineering, take care of your safety in advance by choosing the equipment, which we will discuss below.
The very word "Mountaineering" originated from the name of the Alps mountains, when in 1786 the Swiss Jacques Balma and Michel Packard were the first to climb the highest point of the Alps - Mont Blanc. Since then, more and more people have been striving to conquer any top. Of course, one must take into account that it is dangerous to go to the mountains without preliminary preparation. In addition, it is imperative to conquer the peaks with special equipment, which we will discuss in our article.
The three main types of climbing ropes are dynamic, static and auxiliary ropes.
Dynamic rope is needed to provide belaying for mountain climbing and mountaineering. On average, their diameter is close to 8.6 to 10.2 millimeters.
Static climbing rope is used for industrial mountaineering, tourist recreation, ferries and speleological research.
An accessory rope is used when you need to pull or pull a load, but never a person. Usually, all three types of products are made from compounds of synthetic materials (polyamide particles, Kevlar substance, polyester).
You can purchase any model from popular manufacturers for sports and other activities on specialized websites or in sports stores.
Climbing crampons are special metal devices that help to move on any type of ground, they are also attached to shoes in different ways. They are used when doing mountaineering, mountain tourism and ice climbing.
They are divided into hard and semi-hard. They also come in platform, soft and segment types.
I like to sleep on my side and very rarely sleep on my back. After a couple of nights in the hikes on the usual plastic karemats, my upper lateral parts of the thighs began to hurt. I just kept them on hard.
Below I will describe my ten years of experience with inflatable carpets in order of use. Self-inflating Therm-A-Rest (I can't remember the exact model, but they are no longer on sale), Exped Synmat, Exped Synmat UL, Splavmat Alloy and Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm.
Meet the Casio Pro Trek RPW-3510 and PRW-3100. It would be logical to consider these two watches together, since they have absolutely identical filling, but differ in the case. I have always been attracted by the functionality of a tourist watch from this eminent Japanese brand, but the lurid design of models with digital display left an ambiguous impression. Until recently, there was not a single unisex model in the line with LCD displays. All buildings had a brutal technical design, screaming about a tourist orientation and scaring off the beautiful half of the tourist community. And only recently, the Japanese have cooled their violent imagination, and have begun to produce models with calm flowing shapes that look great both on the male and on the female hand. The first pancake turned out to be lumpy - the RPW-3000 was equipped with an aluminum bezel, which very quickly loses its gloss. They were replaced by one of the heroes of our PRW-3100 review, which is devoid of this drawback. The RPW-3510 has been housed in a more rugged case with increased durability and twice the degree of protection from moisture.
Have you ever wondered why with such an active development of microelectronics, an increase in the luminous flux emitted by LEDs and their efficiency, the brightness of headlamps does not grow so rapidly every year? The bottleneck is power supplies - their energy intensity does not increase so quickly. Nobody needs a lantern that will burn everything around with light, but for a very short time. Accordingly, the first parameter when choosing a headlamp for tourism is the type of its battery. Light sources based on Li-ion 18650 cells are luxurious in their capabilities, since the capacity of these batteries is quite high. The luminous flux that they can give is impressive, and their battery life is quite serious. But they are good only in the warm season, as soon as the temperature drops to near zero values, all the advantages of lithium batteries come to naught. This is where AA and AAA powered lights come into play. If you go to the mountains, when the air cools below zero even in summer after sunset, or you like winter hiking, then the choice becomes obvious. Usually, most tourists and climbers use Petzl flashlights, I am also no exception, and have already written about one of them, but I have long been tempted to try out the ZebraLight creations, so beloved by flashlights. And yes, I was not at all disappointed with the purchase, and the pecil went to the shelf as a backup light source. Why did it happen so? No, this is not a delight from a new toy, it has already passed, and the zebra has already passed a hundred kilometers with me. The lantern is really cool. And why is he so good, let's figure it out.
In this article, I want to consider the peculiarities of the operation of different types of power supplies of the AA form factor in tourist lanterns. Today, high-power tourist lanterns are becoming more and more common. LED sources are constantly being modernized - the quality of the emitted spectrum improves, the efficiency increases, and the brightness increases. But the high power of the emitter sets certain requirements for power sources, since the current consumption of such lamps is significantly higher. Currently, the luminous flux of most even cheap flashlights is often more than 50 lm. Salt and alkaline batteries, common in stores, cannot boast of good performance at high current consumption, and the use of rechargeable batteries becomes a logical choice for many. For a long time I was tormented by the question of how much better lithium batteries and accumulators for flashlights than common alkaline disposable batteries. I have tested these batteries in a high-power flashlight with different operating modes. Within the framework of this article, we will not touch upon the pros and cons of flashlights on batteries other than AA, but we will try to understand the peculiarities of the operation of finger batteries. All of the following will also apply to batteries of the AAA form factor, with the amendment that the capacity of one AAA cell is almost 3 times less than that of AA.
It has long been known that saline batteries are practically unsuitable for use in most devices. Their capacity is 3-4 times less than that of alkaline ones, and they do not know how to work with high currents at all. So it makes no sense to consider them for use in flashlights. Capacity of alkaline power sources strongly depends on the current consumed - they work perfectly at low current, and at high currents are quickly discharged. Lithium batteries work perfectly with all current consumption, have the highest capacity, but their price is quite high. The compromise is low self-discharge batteries (LSD), which are recommended for use in lanterns. Let's deal with more detail in the features of those or other batteries in the lamps, which manifested themselves during the synthetic tests of the new Zebralight H53W.
Emotions from independent travel in Kazakhstan are incomparable with any excursion. And most importantly, you can have fun already at the stage of planning your trip, exploring the sights and planning a route. For active travelers, we have selected 6 of the most amazing places in Kazakhstan that are worth seeing!