Mountaineering and climbing equipment

Mountaineering and climbing equipment

List of Summer Mountain Trekking Equipment

The list of equipment for mountain trekking in the summer is a very popular information for all tourists. From this article, you will learn not only about what equipment, shoes and clothes you will need on a hike. You will read our recommendations on how to choose this equipment, which manufacturers make it better. This will allow you to feel comfortable on the hike and not waste your money when buying low-quality equipment.

List of basic summer trekking equipment

1) Backpack. For men - not less than 90 liters, for women - not less than 75 liters. Comfortable, always with a firm back, adjustable straps and a wide belt with a fastener. At home, fill your backpack with things and adjust the belt and straps to shape the back, and also check the integrity of the seams, the work of the fasteners.

For a mountain hike in the Caucasus, Altai, Sayan Mountains, the Urals, the quality of the backpack is of great importance. There are no good manufacturers of backpacks in our country yet, and we do not recommend taking models of domestic companies, which are in fact sewn in the same China, but issued as brands from Russia. On long mountain hikes, backpacks made from Cordura fabric have proven themselves well. Backpacks made from other fabrics are less durable.

We do not recommend saving on the purchase of a backpack, since good backpacks hold the back correctly and give freedom to the neck due to curved arches and correct tailoring. The even distribution of weight in the backpack allows you to relax and even walk without trekking poles. You should not rely on domestic backpacks that do not have a good design, and if the hike is very long, in addition to the backpack you need to take trekking poles.

Good import backpacks: All backpacks are from Lowe Alpine, especially Lowe Alpine 100-120, which is made especially for Russia. Backpacks from Osprey, of which Osprey Xenith and Osprey Xena are worth noting, but fitting is needed, as the back is not adjustable. Backpacks Tatonka Bison series, we do not recommend other series, as worse fabric is used. Of the backpacks of Russian companies, the Bask Shivling, Nova Tour Tibet and Abakan backpacks have a good price/quality ratio. Particularly bad equipment is produced by the Alloy company. Rafting backpacks are torn to pieces on the first hikes. Backpacks sold in Sportmaster, Decathlon and Trial-Sport stores are cheap, but we do not recommend buying them.

If there are radial exits during the hike, we recommend that you take with you an additional small backpack of 15-20 liters. You can carry a camera, a jacket, your own lunch in it, while a large backpack will remain in the camp.

2) Sleeping bag. It often rains when hiking in the Caucasus, Altai, Sayan, Ural, so we do not recommend taking down sleeping bags there, which can deteriorate from excess moisture. Sleeping bags with synthetic insulation are suitable for such trips. In the mountains of Siberia, during the day, the temperature can reach + 30 ° C, and at night it can drop to zero. To maintain a good sleep, we recommend taking a warm sleeping bag with a comfort temperature of -15 ° C or at least -5 ° C. From quality sleeping bags, we can recommend sleeping bags The North Face Snow leopard, Sivera Shishiga, Nova Tour Siberia, Rock Empire Arctida, Trump Oymyakon and Siberia.

You won't buy such sleeping bags in Decathlon, Sportmaster and Trial-Sport, you'd better look for them in online stores. A synthetic sleeping bag for -15 comfort weighs a little more than 2 kg and takes up a large volume, so we recommend taking a backpack from 90 liters in a bundle for it. Remember - do not take 1 kg synthetic sleeping bags on our hikes, you will be cold all the time. When hiking, the sleeping bag should be carried in a cover and additionally in a plastic bag so that it does not suddenly get wet during the rain. During our hikes, we rent out warm sleeping bags with synthetic filling with a comfort temperature of -10 ° C and -15 ° C.

Mountain equipment

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In this article, we want to talk about the technical means to ensure comfort and safety on the mountain route. Let's consider the main elements of climbing equipment for the following types of routes:

  • Trekking - walking tourism with routes of various lengths without significant technical difficulties.
  • Mountaineering - climbing mountain peaks or climbing mountain routes that include a variety of relief - rocky walls, snowy slopes, glaciers.
  • Skitour - passing winter routes in the mountains on skis, climbing on snow-ice types of relief, skiing off-piste.

Naturally, we are talking about the initial levels of difficulty in these activities, for those who are just discovering the element of Mountains.

Telescopic Poles

Perhaps the most widely used tool on different types of routes is the telescopic pole. They help to maintain balance on a simple snowy relief - slopes of medium steepness, trails, gentle glaciers, stream beds when wading them.

Their main quality is length regulation. For trekking and mountaineering, three-section poles are most convenient, since they fold to a minimum size and can be removed inside the backpack or fixed on it. For example Black Diamond Expedition 3 Ski Poles. For ski touring, the two-section Black Diamond Traverse Poles are more convenient, since the poles are almost always in the hands, the dimensions of the luggage are set by the skis, and when unfolded, longer poles are more convenient when driving on flat terrain.

Climbing crampons

The second, versatile tool is cats. Classic 10 or 12 tooth climbing crampons are made of steel, such as the BD Serac Pro. They must be durable, reliable and easy to use. The type of attachment of crampons to the shoe should be suitable for your type of shoe. In classic mountaineering, boots with a rigid welt are used, on which crampons are well attached with a steel arch on the toe and a snap on the heel.

In trekking, crampons are used when crossing flat glaciers or on slopes where slipping on which can have traumatic consequences - for example, on the "ram's foreheads" overgrown with grass, especially in the rain. Since trekking shoes are less harsh, the cat model is chosen with a universal type of fastening in the form of straps with buckles that can even be attached to mountain sneakers, for example, the Black Diamond Contact Strap.

As a rule, in trekking and ski touring, the level of snow and ice obstacles on the route is low compared to mountaineering. This is not ice climbing, it is more often about preventing shoes from slipping on a hard snowy or gentle ice slope. Therefore, lightweight aluminum models are often chosen that cope with such tasks, such as the BD Neve Strap.

Ice Instrument

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