Trekking is the same hiking tourism, but carried out in rugged or mountainous terrain. Pursues recreational purposes. Trekking can be sport tourism if included in a climbing activity.
The history of tracking starts from Nepal and from Russian by origin, but a British citizen Boris Lisanevich. It was he who organized everything to open this country for mass visits by foreign tourists and attracted trekking to this, which implies a mountain vacation, characterized by activity and comfort.
Tracking is, first of all, movement towards something unknown. But movement that is not necessarily tiring and enjoyable. Such a trip gives tourists the opportunity to admire nature and people who are in the natural environment.
Trekking is a democratic activity. The routes that are offered to be overcome are always within the power of ordinary healthy people and do not limit the latter in age. In general, everyone can pass them. Another thing is that someone will do it in one day, and someone in several.
They usually go trekking in groups. Those with sufficient experience go together and even alone.
The hike involves movement for 4 ... 6 hours. This time includes both rest and stops for an overview of something remarkable along the route. Be sure to start every day with an early rise and end with an early bedtime.
The specified regime necessarily leads to a health-improving effect among tourists. It does not appear immediately, but for 2 ... 3 days. Trekking participants become much calmer, stop fussing, and you can see blissful smiles on their faces in the morning.
Porters always move at the head of the group - people who carry the things of the trekking participants. They are followed by a guide-leader who leads and is in charge of the group. Next are the tourists participating in the hike.
Each of the latter follows the route at a speed that is comfortable for him. This leads to the fact that the whole group can stretch along the path, and, with strong differences in physical training, and strongly. At the end of the chain of tourists walking along the route, another guide is moving.
Translated from English, the word trekking means "moving or crossing mountainous (rough) terrain." Often this word is translated as "campaign", which we inherited from the Soviet era. However, this is not the case. Trekking is a leisurely walk, usually light, through beautiful mountainous terrain at a pace that is comfortable for everyone. There is no competition or super sports here. It is rather a philosophy of life on the trail. Here you can often stop, admiring the views, or start a conversation with your companions. Or you can simply immerse yourself in the process of contemplating what is constantly encountered on the path along the way. Some may ask, “But where is the action? Walking the trail for 6 hours in a row is so boring and tiring. " Not at all. In the process of walking, thoughts are busy with movement; a person becomes closer to nature, feels the movement of air, smells; sees a beautiful forest, wild flowers and herbs, bizarre outlines of rocks and peaks.
There are many routes. Among the most picturesque:
1. GR20, France. On the trail you will encounter different types of forests, glacial lakes, fast rivers and steep rock falls.
2. Abel Tasman Trail, New Zealand. The trail runs along the oceanfront and encounters many wild, white beaches, interspersed with forests of giant ferns and other exotic trees.
3. Camp at the foot of Everest, Nepal. Very popular with those who want to say: "I was at the foot of the highest mountain in the world."
4. Inca trail, Peru. White mountain peaks, tropical alpine forests and mysterious ruins hugging rocks will appear before you.
For all the seemingly simplicity, hiking has a number of nuances. First, the travel route is calculated so that the transitions are not too tiring for any participant, regardless of age and physical fitness. Secondly, the accompanying tour leader assumes great responsibility on the way, whose task is to support the participants in difficult moments both on the trail and sometimes in communication with each other. He must be a reputable and experienced person who knows the route. Third, the travel schedule depends on the stamina of the participants. They line it up on the weakest. Finally, the guides will not be happy about being too extreme. Therefore, if suddenly someone wants to conquer the mountain or swim across the river on their own, then it is better to do this in another company. It is worth sticking to the route that everyone agreed with.
The peaks of the Huangshan Ridge, 300 km from Shanghai, rising out of the fog, are named in a romantic way - "Sunset Pavilion", "Tops of the Heavenly Capital" and so on - and are sung in the famous film "Crouching Tiger Lurking the Dragon". Huangshan itself can be climbed by funicular along with Chinese tourists, diligently taking selfies. But hikers walk uphill on a staircase of thousands of steps with spans hanging over the abyss. In the vicinity of Huangshan, there are several short, scenic and well-combined one-day routes: East, West and the West Sea Grand Canyon trail, which can easily fill a weekend. However, it is better not to travel in summer: it is too crowded. cnto. rg. k
Distance: 8-14 km Duration: 1 day Season: all year round Difficulty level: medium
In 1988, British tourist Kate Clough fell in love with the paved roads and shepherd's paths in that part of Turkey, where the state of Lycia was once located. After moving to live in Antalya, she began to mark the route, which was officially presented to the public in 2000. The Lycian Trail is the most famous and perhaps the most picturesque track in the country: it starts in Fethiye, stretches along the Mediterranean coast, past the rocks, beaches and ruins of the ancient cities of Olympos and Phaselis, and ends in Antalya. You can spend the night both in a tent and in villages along the way, but remember that the customs in rural Turkey are conservative: tourists are expected to wear closed clothes and respect for local traditions. cultureroutesinturkey. om
Distance: 540 km Duration: 29 days Season: February - May and September - November Difficulty level: medium
Few people love hiking as much as the British, and few of the British loved it as much as the humble retired treasurer Alfred Wainwright, who lived in Cumbria. In 1973, from the already existing trails, country roads and sections of asphalt roads, he quickly became the legendary Path from coast to coast, or Coast to Coast Walk. It crosses the entire island from Cape St Bies on the Irish Sea to the former smugglers' settlement Robin Hood's Bay on the North Sea. Among the main beauties are the hills of the Lake District praised by Wordsworth (mind you - there is almost no mobile connection anywhere), the Great Yorkshire Swamp, the heathers that flourish in the spring, the Pennine Mountains and tens of thousands of sheep in the pastures. wainwright. rg. k
Distance: 310 km Duration: 10-14 days Season: April - October Difficulty level: medium
This section of the much longer (650 km) Jordan Trail is the most romantic thing that can happen to you in Jordan. In the afternoon - sightseeing: the Roman aqueduct and Byzantine churches in the vicinity of Feinana, located in the vicinity of the 3000-year-old copper mines of Khirbat en Nahas and the waterfalls of the Wadi Fey canyon. At night - the starry sky, grilled goat meat and tea with smoke in the tents of Bedouin camps. And in the finale, the knocking beauty of Petra, the city of the Nabateans, carved into the rocks, falls upon you. It is more convenient to follow the route with an organized group, rather than alone, and you need to purchase two permits: to enter the Dana and Petru Biosphere Reserve. jordantrail. rg
Distance: 73 km Duration: 4 days Season: all year round Difficulty level: easy
More and more friends, acquaintances and clients, those who learned about my travels in the Himalayas, became interested in tracking. Many people wanted to see the beauty of the mountains, to be in silence, to admire the magical landscapes, to feel pride in their own accomplishments. But trips to the Himalayas require a lot of time, serious preparation and effort to organize. In the meantime, there is a wonderful way out - a trip to the Alpine mountains. I call these hikes glam trekking. These are tracks with a certain level of comfort, a wonderful lunch in a tavern on the way and even a glass of light wine, a chance to go down the mountains in the evening and spend the night in a comfortable bed in a mountain hotel. And if you come across a farm on the way, you can buy delicious cheese, bread and apples from the owners, then collect water from the stream and have a picnic in a meadow with magical views of the snow-capped mountains. At the same time, the mountains and tracks are sometimes no less difficult than in the Himalayas, so the feeling of being a hero is guaranteed. So this story will be about my light travel in the Alps.
There are thousands of kilometers of trekking routes in the Alps. The most interesting trails go above the border of the forest belt at an altitude of 1800 - 3000 meters above sea level. meaning undefined, please specify or remove "data-name =" Uncertainty "> Many of today's routes follow paths that have been used for centuries, for example, to drive sheep or connect inhabited valleys through passes. Routes in the Alps are numbered and marked - they are maintained by national and regional climbing clubs. In the Alps, there are both very popular trekking regions, where several hundred people pass the trail every day, and much less popular places where not a single person will be found on the trail in the middle of summer.
I will tell you about trekking in the Alps, which I was fond of in Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Italy. I hope the views of the mountain roads will inspire you to buy yourself mountain boots one day, choose a place you like and go hiking. Or you can just admire the photos - this also gives pleasure and joy. I was in these places at different times and with different people, so this will not be a consistent description of the tracks, but such a free scattering of impressions and emotions. The story of the hikes in each country will consist of general descriptions of the routes and a diary of my hikes and photographs of these places. I'll show you places that don't require any special skills or equipment. It is only important to understand that this is not a trekking guide or a guide. If you are eager to walk along these trails, then you will need to carefully prepare to study a lot of additional information, perhaps look for a company or a professional guide. And the purpose of this story is only for you to have this desire. Since my friend Marina (or at home, Manya) was with me on my last hike across the Alps, many stories will be associated with her, because you cannot erase a word from a song, and in hikes Manya is the main character of the adventure.
The most famous trekking region in the Alps is the Dolomites. This is the most ancient area of the Alps, which was formed 230 million years ago, when the entire territory of the modern Alps was hidden by the ocean. In those days, there were coral islands and reefs here. Then, about 50 million years ago, the modern Alps formed, lifting the Dolomites and partially destroying them. Now the Dolomites are numerous peaks of bizarre shapes and high mountain plateaus with a lunar landscape. Trekking routes are numerous and varied here. Most of them pass at altitudes of 2000 - 2800 m; higher altitude areas are usually accessible only to climbers. Italy owns a significant part of the Alps and is one of the most successful mountain tourism regions in Europe in all its forms, including trekking.
To a certain extent, Italy is fortunate, since the alpine territory of Italy has expanded significantly relatively recently. The most beautiful South Tyrol came under the jurisdiction of Italy following the results of the First World War, and before that it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and other German-speaking states for centuries. Thanks to this acquisition, the entire Dolomites - unique mountains included in the UNESCO World Heritage List - turned out to be on the territory of Italy. It is in the east and in the west of the Italian Alps - snow-white Mont Blanc, the highest peak of the Alps. The border of Italy and France passes through the top and most of the massif. Another famous peak - Matterhorn, which in Italy is called "Cervino" - is also located in the Western Alps and belongs to "half" Italy and Switzerland. These same countries "share" the second highest peak of the Alps - Monte Rosa. These are just a few, perhaps the most famous, places in the Italian Alps, and, besides them, there are many more interesting regions for hiking. The Alps are the birthplace of mountaineering. The Italian Alps attracted pioneers back in the 19th century. The result was not only the early conquest of the peaks, but also the construction of mountain shelters. A large number of mountain shelters in the Italian Alps have more than a century of history. The presence of shelters at high altitudes creates opportunities for multi-day routes that can be traversed with relative comfort - stopping overnight in a warm capital house, where you can take a hot shower, and the staff prepares a delicious dinner.
It was from the Italian Alps that my glamorous trekking began. I rented a villa on Lake Como - a magical unspeakably beautiful lake surrounded by towering mountains. On the very first day, on the bookshelf, I found a map of mountain routes and realized that plans for a lazy rest were not destined to come true. The very next morning, at dawn, I stomped along the path up. I appreciated the delight of such hikes - the beauty, stunning views, mountain slopes, herds of affectionate pretty cows, old chapels, lovely villages, hospitable "rifugios" (shelters for climbers), in which, even on paper napkins, a map of the tracks and all mountaineering shelters of the entire region is applied ... And then go downstairs, have a glass of prosecco in a local tavern or bar, get home and, sitting in an armchair on the terrace, sort through photographs, and then sweetly fall asleep on a soft feather bed. Alas, serious trekking does not give such pleasure.
Further, my story will be similar to the essay "How I spent my summer." Guests came to me, I showed them the town, fed them delicious food, and dragged them into the mountains. My managers came, I held a meeting, fed and dragged me into the mountains. Colleagues stopped by, relatives visited, and also went according to the usual program: a city tour, food, talk, food, talk and a hike to the mountains. But these places are worth spending the whole summer in. Many Milanese are now buying back abandoned small houses in mountain villages, putting them in order and coming for the weekend to live in silence and beauty. It was standing on the top of the highest mountain, from where the peaks of the Swiss Alps are visible, that I conceived the Great Alpine Trekking. The idea was to travel light, with one photo with a backpack, across all the Alpine mountains, on the principle of "aimlessly." Complete freedom of movement, the ability to linger where you really like, and quickly leave those places that you didn't catch or didn't like. Like a bird flying. Then there were two more summer seasons spent in these parts. Then there was a test hike in the mountains of Bavaria and, finally, this year the dream of a whole month in the Alps came true.
This is my favorite country for hiking in the mountains and not only because it has the highest level of comfort and convenience for travel. It has the clearest system of markings, many cute restaurants in the most remote places and fabulous views of the Alps. In principle, you don't have to worry about choosing a place to go. Any ski resort in the summer turns into a trekking area. I will only talk about those places that, in addition to tracks, give the joy of discovering unusual places.
Of course, I knew that I was an adventurer and a little crazy, but this time these qualities led me to a crazy place. Mount Pilatus, a mountain train with a slope of up to 48%, which goes through open areas over the precipice and overnight at the hotel above. There were many ubiquitous Indians on the train. The trip itself is a complete delight and horror. I'll show you a few pictures, but the main thing is tomorrow, when I run around the neighborhood. Manya's friend, who is afraid of heights, shed tears of fear in horror. And when they went up to the terrace, she said: “What a horror! And if the electricity is cut off here? You can die right there. Okay, you and I, we'll go down. I feel sorry for the Hindus ... "
I obviously do not just write fairy tales about dragons that come to me from nowhere. But I constantly find myself in places associated with them. So this mountain Pilatus turned out to be dragon - many legends in these places are associated with these mythical creatures. And Mount Pilatus was their home, where they dragged the beauties and where brave knights came to fight the monsters and rescue their beloved. It turns out to be a very scary and romantic place. And then there are caves, from which you can see the abyss, and the dragons from the paintings on the walls are looking at you attentively. Well, oh-oh-very romantic.
There are times when you realize that your life is good. Despite all the falls and difficulties, resentments and failures, doubts and worries. That was a success and that's it. And this moment does not have to be solemn or important. A simple dinner in a cool place with cool people can lead to just that feeling. And this is just a feeling, not a rational analysis or assessment. For the night, 14 people remained in our mountain hotel, the service staff and the manager of the complex. At the buffet table, he met us, communicated wonderfully and touchingly apologized for the weather. The sweetest man. Then dinner in the fireplace room, quiet and calm. Wonderful communication with nice people. And the wood in the fireplace crackles. And the blizzard is howling outside the window. And people communicate and smile. And you understand that God is with them, with problems. Maybe that's why the universe throws them for me, so that I appreciate the divine simplicity of this evening - a simple human joy from silence, from the beauty of nature, from normal people nearby. A moment of happiness can be very simple.
Today's exploits continue. We rushed off to Appenzell, where there is another place that I wanted to see. Perhaps the most unusual hotel in the Alps, the Aescher Berggasthaus. This guest house was built 170 years ago by local farmers. The house stands right on a rocky ledge and you can get there along a mountain path through a deep cave. Getting there is not very easy, but not entirely problematic. My friend Manya, who is afraid of heights, at first muttered why she had contacted me at all, because she knew that nothing worthwhile would come of it, sheer exploits. Then she demanded to sing brave songs. Usually, when we are scared, we sing about "a wedding ring, not a simple piece of jewelry." I already started to cry loudly, but Manya firmly said that the ring was not enough for this horror and she would sing about brave cavalrymen. Ignorance of words was not a problem for Mani. And behind my back for a long time it was heard: "We are red cavalry, ... something there, epic epics, something there ... We are bravely going into battle!" Well, in the same spirit. But they came briskly and froze with delight.
We have sorted the routes for tracking from easy to difficult:
Where: Cape Lizard, Cornwall, UK Difficulty: 1/5 Length: 11 km, highest point 80 meters Travel time: 2.5 hours When to go: May – September
High rugged coastline, black rocks, piercing cries of birds - this is what you expect from the southernmost point of Great Britain. It is good to wander along Cape Lizard alone or by the hand with a loved one, gaze into the foggy horizon and guess how many ships are left at these shores on the way across the Atlantic. Don't worry about your fate: walking along the trail takes 2.5 hours and does not require any special skills. Grab only a thermos of hot tea and Cornish meat pies for a romantic dinner in the most secluded place.
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Where: Blue Trail, Cinque Terre, Italy Difficulty: 1/5 Length: 12 km (full path), highest point 220 meters Travel time: 5 hours - full path, from Corniglia to Monterosso - 3.5 hours When to go: Mid-March - mid-October. The swimming season is May – September.
If you are tired of gloomy everyday life - you have no strength, run away from them into a fairy tale. Moreover, finding it is as easy as shelling pears: this is the Cinque Terre in Italy. On the spectacular Mediterranean coastline amid forests, flowers and vineyards lie colorful toy villages. All this beauty is included in the UNESCO list, and to get a better look, go for a walk along the Blue Trail, which connects all five villages. However, the section from Riomaggiore to Corniglia is temporarily closed. But even half the way is enough to fill the entire memory of the camera and overflow with impressions yourself. When you walk up, wash away the fatigue in the turquoise coves. And in a restaurant, without worrying about your figure, order pasta with pesto and focaccia - you deserve it.
Where: Norway Difficulty: 1/5 Length: 7.6 km round trip, highest point - 604 meters Travel time: 4 hours round trip When to go: May – September
Republic of Altai: how to get there, move within the region and where to stay for tourists Explore the tourism product of the region at webinars and a stand as part of the exhibition "Know Our 2020: Continuation".