Mountain tourism in turkey

Discover Turkey with Yenisey: the mountains of Turkey

Contents of the article

Mountain ranges of Turkey

It is the mountainous relief that prevails throughout the entire space of this beautiful country. There are 3 main mountain systems spread across the territory of Turkey.

In the north, these are the Pontine Mountains. Otherwise they are called the Black Sea Mountains. This mountain system stretches for 1000 kilometers along the entire Black Sea coast. Consists of several parallel ridges with valleys between them. The height of these mountains increases from west to east, from 2000 meters to 3500 meters. The highest point of the Pontine Mountains is Kachkar Peak, 3931 meters high. In the north of Turkey, they steeply descend to the sea, sometimes leaving no coastal strip. In the east, this system is difficult to pass, showing steep slopes, ridges and the absence of valleys. The Pontine Mountains are deposits of natural resources. It is there, in Turkey, that copper ores, polymetals, crystalline shale and granite are being developed and mined. The southern slopes of the Pontine Mountains are covered with thorny bushes and mixed forests, and the northern part is overgrown with oak forests, beech forests, and coniferous thickets. All piedmont plains are densely populated.

The Toros or Taurus mountain range is located in the south of Turkey. These mountain ranges stretch along the entire southern coast of the country. This system, due to different climatic and geophysical features, is divided into 3 parts: Western, Eastern and Central Taurus. The highest peak of the entire Toros system is Demirkazik, with a height of 3806 meters. All the mountain ranges of the Taurus are lined with rivers flowing into the Mediterranean Sea. On the territory of the Western Taurus there is a group of lakes, some of them freshwater. Vegetation on the Taurus is weak. In humid places, the mountains are covered with pine forests; in arid areas, the vegetation is represented by shrubs of barberry and thorny plants. Toros is of interest to climbers, it is this mountain system that receives tourists for ski holidays in winter.

The western part of the country is the Armenian Highlands. There mountain ranges are combined with deep depressions and hollows. And the mountains themselves are a characteristic mountain range of individual peaks and long chains. This is the most inaccessible and rugged region in Turkey. The most famous peak is Mount Big Ararat. Its height is 5165 meters. This snowy and harsh peak is visible from a distance for many tens of kilometers. The top of the mountain is covered with a shell of ice and snow. From the mountain peaks of Ararat, the Araks River carries its fast waters. Once the top of Big Ararat was considered the top of the world. It was at her, according to legend, that the Ark of Noah landed, where the tablets with the Old Testament were found. Only experienced climbers conquer this mountain.

There is a small mountain plateau in the West. Anatolia is not distinguished by high ridges, and the mountains have the character of small massifs. Anatolia is a series of drainless basins, among which low mountain ridges are located like islets. The capital of Turkey, Ankara, is located on one of the plateaus of Anatolia. It is on the territory of the Anatolian mountains that the second largest lake in the country, Van, is located.

Mountains and the Future

So Turkey is not only an international beach resort, it is a large mountainous country, with its own characteristics and capabilities, which are partially hidden under the mountain ranges. Alpine skiing tourism is developing more and more in Turkey. Various deposits of the country's natural resources are being developed.

Mountains in Turkey are a huge natural wealth, which not only expands the possibilities of recreation in the resort state, but also create a difference in climatic conditions and landscape of a particular region.

Territorially, the Republic of Turkey has a unique location - at the junction of Europe and Asia, and in maximum proximity to the African continent. It is washed by 4 seas: Mediterranean, Black, Aegean and Marmara. The continental climate prevails in Turkey, turning into subtropical in the south of the sea coast.

What are the mountains in Turkey - general information

Mountain ranges in Turkey are represented by three types:

  • flatlands ;
  • mountain ranges;
  • peaks of volcanoes (already extinct or still active).

The mountain ranges are the most extensive part. We will take a closer look at what mountains are called in Turkey.

In the northern part of the state along the Black Sea are the Pontic Mountains, in the southern - the Taurus Mountains. These two mountain ranges are connected in the center, forming the Anatolian plateau, the highest points of which are no more than 1,500 meters above sea level. The eastern part of the mountains is called the Armenian Highlands and it is there that the world famous Mount Ararat is located. Lowlands are found only along the sea coasts and near river mouths.

Mountains in Turkey - name

This mountain range lies along the Black Sea coast. Its rather high peaks are interspersed with valleys and gorges, thereby creating a stunning landscape. The Pontine mountains are difficult to pass: there are many steep slopes and there are practically no safe and comfortable paths. Average heights are 2500 meters, but the highest is Mount Kachkar - 3,931 meters.

The Taurus mountain range is located in the south of the Turkish Republic. It is divided into three parts: central, western, eastern.

The Western Taurus passes the plateau in the Antalya region, plunging into the sea. Alpine points are interspersed with cool rivers, clean salt and fresh lakes, gorges. The highest point in altitude is Mount Bedaglar, 3,083 meters.

There are a lot of popular resorts in Turkey and each one has its own individual characteristics. Fethiye, Belek and Bodrum resorts are considered elite

Rest in Turkey has a number of undoubted advantages. The tourism industry in this country is well developed. There are many world-famous resorts operating here, which are distinguished by affordable prices for service and accommodation. You can relax in Turkey all year round, and each holiday season is wonderful here in its own way.

Best places to relax in Turkey

It is always interesting for guests to get acquainted with the original culture of Turkey, with its unique sights, traditions, historical values. This country can be proud of the diversity of its resorts. Fans of swimming, water sports rest on the beautiful coast of the three seas that wash Turkey, fans of skiing prefer its magnificent ski resorts.

There are a lot of popular resorts in Turkey and each one has its own individual characteristics. All Turkish resorts can be divided based on the recommendations below.

  • The resorts of Fethiye, Belek and Bodrum are considered elite.
  • Inexpensive resorts are Side, Alanya and Antalya.
  • Young people love to relax in Marmaris, Cesme, Dalaman, Alanya and Antalya.
  • With children it is better to go to Alanya, Fethiye or Side.
  • Those who prefer a quiet holiday are waiting for Bodrum, Fethiye, Kusadasi, Kemer, Side and Didim.

Alanya

The wonderful climate, as well as the widest opportunities for all types of recreation, have made the beautiful resort of Alanya one of the most popular in Turkey, especially among young people. Alanya City is surrounded by gardens with orange and lemon trees. Its attractions are the Dalmatash stalactite cave, the Red Tower and the Byzantine fortress. There are reasonable prices, many modern comfortable hotels. The resort is known for its luxurious sandy beaches, cozy coves, vibrant nightlife, sports opportunities and warm weather.

Antalya

Antalya is the world's most famous resort in Turkey, located in the south of this country. Protected by mountains from cold winds, the resort has a unique subtropical microclimate. Vacationers Antalya pleases with comfort, wonderful weather and superbly developed infrastructure. The resort is perfect for those who love the rhythms of a busy city life, noisy parties, and shopping. There are many landscaped parks, water parks, palm alleys, amazing natural attractions and historical monuments.

Turkey (in Turkish - “Turki” - Türkiye) is a Middle Eastern country located in the southwest of Asia. On the east side, the state borders on Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, on the west side - on Bulgaria and Greece, on the south side - on Syria and Iraq.

That is why it is easy and quick to get from here to the resorts and historical sites of Greece, as well as to Bulgaria.

Turkey is a maritime state, the shores of which are washed by the Black (Karadeniz), Marmara (Marmara), Mediterranean (Akdeniz) and Aegean (Ege denizi) seas. On the territory of 784 thousand sq. m is home to more than 76 million people. The main Turkish city is Ankara.

In addition to the capital, such megacities as Istanbul, Konya, Antalya, Bursa, Izmir, Adana are well known.

Turkey is adored by travelers. Tourists from all over the world come here on vacation with whole families. Russians especially love Turkish resorts in the summer. And no wonder! After all, local rest is warm sea waves, clean beaches, affordable shopping, a lot of modern entertainment, many attractions, excellent hotels with a high level of service, an all-inclusive system. In winter, ski resorts in Turkey are popular, which are not inferior to European ones in anything, except for cost - prices are an order of magnitude lower.

A Brief History of the Turkish State

It is impossible to name the exact time when the Turkish nation appeared. For the first time, the Turks are mentioned in official documents of the 4th century. At that time they settled in the Altai mountains. Decades later, the Turkish people began an active resettlement in the southwestern direction and occupied Turkestan. In the middle of the 6th century, the Turks were already considered an official state, and an ambassador from them was sent by the khan to Byzantium.

The Muslim faith began to spread among the Turks by the 9th century, and in the 10th century this people already possessed an impressive army in order to begin the conquest of the nearby lands. Initially, Bukhara was in their possession, then Persia. After the expansion of the territory, the kingdom of the Ghaznavids was founded, and the conquests continued. Georgia, Armenia, Syria, Khorasan, Egypt, Herat were added to the kingdom. By the 11th century, almost all of the Middle Eastern lands were in the possession of the Turks.

The end of the 13th century was marked by the formation of a powerful Ottoman Empire, which reached the peak of its power by the 17th century. The Balkans, Anatolia, North Africa and the Northern European countries submitted to the power of the Ottomans.

From 1676 to 1978, the Turkish state was in a state of almost continuous war with Russia. Russian soldiers managed to conquer Transcaucasia and part of the Black Sea waters from the Turks. Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and other Balkan peoples separated from the Ottomans as independent countries.

DIRECTORY

Hiking the Lycian Trail in Turkey: Mountains and Sea

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In the midst of the velvet season and during the autumn holidays, we invite everyone to one of the most beautiful trekking routes in the world - the Lycian Trail in Turkey!

The Lycian Trail runs along the Mediterranean coast in Turkey and is one of the most beautiful tourist routes in the world. The trail is over 500 km long and connects the cities and settlements of the ancient country of Lycia, which existed long before Ancient Greece. The combination of mountains and sea makes the route unique in its beauty and richness.

Everything is here: ruins of old civilizations, mountains, wild pine and cedar forests, clean rivers, emerald beaches, lakes, orange groves, architectural monuments, interesting people and much more. Trekking along the Lycian Trail is simple, pleasant and very beautiful, suitable for both beginners and experienced hikers. The Mediterranean Sea together with picturesque mountains covered with dense coniferous forests give an unusual charm to the entire route. First, we will hike in the mountains, visit picturesque canyons and amazing Cappadocia, emerald meadows and the lights of the Chimera, and then we will rest on one of the best beaches in the world, Cirali.

We will conduct our trip in the fall: when it is already cold and damp in Moldova, and in Turkey it is no longer so hot, while the sea is still warm, and fruits are ripening in the orchards. October is considered one of the best months to hike the Lycian Way. Adults can take children from 12 years old with them. It will be a wonderful holiday available to everyone!

DATES Option 1: October 25 - November 2, 5 day hike along the Lycian path with climbing Mount Tahtali (2365 m), visiting the "Chimera fires", the ruins of Olympus and one full day on the seaside at Cirali beach ... Option 2: October 25 - November 6, 5 days hike, two days at Cirali Beach and 2 days in Cappadocia You can take part in one of two options depending on your free time.

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