Mountain tourism for beginners

Mountain tourism for beginners

On vacation, you don't have to lie on the beach or go on excursions. You can go to the mountains! Fresh air, breathtaking views and an experience that will stay with you for a long time.

We will tell you how to independently organize rafting on mountain rivers, a walk in the Himalayas and an ascent to Elbrus. Surprisingly, sometimes it is cheaper than all-inclusive tours.

Arrange trekking in Nepal - ₽

The Himalayas are the main attraction of Nepal. Here is Everest and seven more "eight-thousanders" - this is the name of the mountains over 8000 meters high. All hikes are built along the mountain valleys around them.

There are several dozen hiking trails in the Himalayas, but most of them are closed to independent travelers. To get there, you need to take a local guide and buy an admission permit for $ 500 (32,454 ₽).

But you can go on the "wild" routes: they will have to live in a tent, cook food on the stove and independently navigate the trail.

Go rafting on mountain rivers - ₽

It usually happens like this: people get to the upper reaches of the river, collect boats, load all their belongings on them, row downstream for several hours a day, look for a place to camp, set up a camp, have dinner with pasta and stew, singing songs by the fire, sleeping - and in the morning everything is all over again. And so a week or two.

Rafting is an extreme type of recreation. Even the simplest river is at risk to life. In the Khabarovsk Territory, fishermen die every year on simple rivers, falling under wooden creases. It seems nothing complicated, but gape, tightened - that's it.

Hiking takes a lot of energy into everyday activities that you usually don't pay attention to. Make a fire, go for water, put up a tent, pull up tents, change clothes, dry clothes, wash in ice water.

Sometimes it is cheaper than all-inclusive tours. Fresh air, breathtaking views and an experience that will stay with you for a long time.

Many outdoor enthusiasts go to conquer the mountain peaks in the summer. It doesn't matter whether it is Elbrus or smaller peaks, hiking in the mountains requires thorough preparation. Here's everything a beginner needs to know.

Equipment

If you do not go to the mountains on your own, but with a group, then the necessary equipment can certainly be rented. This is convenient if climbing the mountains is a one-time adventure for you, but if you plan to continue walking to conquer new heights, then it is better to immediately acquire your own equipment.

From clothes, you must definitely purchase a windproof and waterproof jacket, thermal underwear, a warm fleece jacket, wool socks and, of course, mountain boots. Moreover, the boots need to be carried before the trip within a few days. If you are going to a considerable height, to the peaks covered with snow, you should dress even warmer and grab mittens, a hat, a mask so as not to burn out in the sun reflecting from the snow, and sunglasses.

The main part of the backpack will be occupied by a tent and a sleeping bag. Choose a sleeping bag according to frost resistance - the warmest ones can withstand cold temperatures up to minus 20 degrees. Of course, they will take up much more space than light sleeping bags, but they will allow you to sleep peacefully in any conditions and gain strength the next day.

It is also worth bringing with you a gas burner, a thermos, a dry ignition, waterproof matches, and in case of climbing to a great height, in addition to all this, trekking poles, an ice ax and sunscreen.

There are also a number of requirements for food storage for climbing the mountains. It would seem that most of all canned food suitable for a hike can be eaten only at a low altitude. The fact is that the body may not assimilate unnatural products in conditions of altitude sickness. Take better more cereals, jerky and fresh vegetables. But most importantly, take lemon - this is a secret and very effective medicine for altitude sickness. If at altitude you suddenly feel nauseous, just eat a slice of lemon or drink tea with a slice of it.

Physical fitness

It would be nice to prepare for the climb and physically, because the mountains are a serious test for the heart, breathing apparatus, as well as the muscles of the legs and back. At the same time, you need to start preparing yourself for physical activity in advance - a month and a half. But in the last two weeks before the hike, it is better not to torment yourself with training, but to give the body a rest and reach its peak.

the first step in the preparation process is, of course, to run as much as possible. Moreover, try to run either uphill or downhill, or even better - arrange yourself an obstacle course. The running speed in this case does not matter, the duration of the run matters - at least 40 minutes a day.

Of the classic strength exercises in the gym, training for the hike will be facilitated by exercises on the back and legs. The back needs to be worked out first of all with pull-ups and various horizontal rods, and the legs - with squats and lunges. There are also special "mountain" exercises - these include stair running and interval running (400 meters of running at a calm pace, followed by an explosive acceleration of 200 meters, and so on).

Hiking

- Firstly, at the beginning of any mountain route you need to check in so that if you do not return, they will start looking for you. If the mountains are wild and there is no place to check out, then be sure to inform someone close to you about your ascent and an approximate route.

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