The joyful sensations of skiing, when the wind in your face and the creak of snow under your feet - this is just a fairy tale. But so that the fairy tale itself does not become a tragedy, it is important to observe a number of safety rules for adults and children.
When skiing, experienced trainers give a number of tips and recommendations, and voice the following skiing rules.
1. First of all, this respect for others is not only the basic rules of politeness, but also the prohibition on putting others in danger while riding.
2. Controlling the speed of skiing, the direction of your movement - if you are a beginner on the ski slope, you should get up on the skis under the supervision of a coach.
3. Correct direction choice - when you approach someone from behind, choose the direction so as not to endanger other skiers. If you are overtaking it is important to leave enough room for other skiers to maneuver.
4. When starting a movement, resuming it after stopping, it is important to look around and look up/down the slope for potential hazards, other skiers that may pose a potential hazard.
5. When it comes to stopping on the slopes, do not stop in a narrow place or in an area with limited visibility.
6. When going up and down, it does not matter if you are wearing skis or not - just move along the edge of the track.
7. It is also important to observe the markings, not to ignore the identification and warning signs. They are just as important as road signs for the motorist.
8. Always help each other within the framework of your skills and qualifications, and time is an important point in this case.
Approved by the management of amateur tourism of the Central Tourism Council and excursions and is recommended for members of the ratio and qualification commissions, consultants and leaders of tourist groups.
Training Mountain Travel Camping Multi-day Travel Recommended Methodology Evaluation of Pass Difficulties Technical Description Mountain Travel Literature for Mountain Tourists 1. Guidelines, Directories, Methodical recommendations 2. Mountain tourism and mountaineering: History, Chronicle, People 3 . Geography of mountain areas 4. Travel guides. Sports tourist routes 5. Technique, tactics, training, special training, Travel preparation 6. Common physical training and training. Physiology 7. Security measures, rescue work, provision of medical care 8. Life of mountains, observation, local history 9. Fiction: Essays, stories, Tale, Chronicle - List of materials for mountainous tourists published in the journal "Tourist" for 1966-1975 . Applications <
When drawing up recommendations, materials reported groups participating in all-union competitions for the best tourist journey of 1975 (Tourist Club "Planet" of the Rostselmash plant, the physique of the Latvian Committee on Television and Radio Broadcasting, the Club of Tourists of the Kuibyshevsky district of Moscow), as well as the author's archive. Drawings, kroks and descriptions of a number of passages, placed in work, were changed from methodological considerations and supplemented with details that are not appropriate to valid, so they cannot be used in the preparation of travel routes.
Inland tourism, pre-thorough preparation of participants is particularly important, the comprehensive study of issues related to the future journey and strict compliance with the rules * is based on the requirements of the safety of tourist routes. It is necessary to clearly assimilate that the basic principle of safety in sports travel is the graduation of complicating obstacles that have to overcome each tourist, every tourist group. Our country has great opportunities for traveling in the mountains, which occupy about 12% of the territory of the USSR. Carpathians, Urals, Sayan, Altai, Caucasus, Pamir, Tien Shan, Mountains of Kola P-Wa, Kamchatka, Crimea - here is a far part of the mountainous area of the Soviet Union. However, leaders and participants should be aware that only in the mountains of Altai, Caucasus, Pamir and Tien Shan it is possible to make sports travel, which are subject to the relevant standards and requirements set forth in the Rules and in the "Unified All-Union Sports Classification" [1. 0]. It is generally accepted that only these areas have a full range of natural conditions of an alpine nature: high absolute heights, powerful glaciation, significant differences in altitude, steepness of slopes, vigorous processes of destruction, etc. More detailed characteristics of these areas are given in the corresponding publications (3. 0-3. 4; 5.1; 5. 9).
* Hereinafter, the Rules are called “Rules for organizing and conducting amateur trips and travels in the USSR” [1. ten].
When preparing travels, it should be borne in mind that, in order of increasing difficulty, mountain travel routes are divided into six categories. The difficulty category of amateur sports trips in preparation is determined by comparing its “thread” with reference routes developed for a given geographical area and included in the periodically updated “List of classified tourist routes” approved by the Presidium of the Central Council for Tourism and Excursions 2. III. 1973 (Pr. 10 p. 14) [1. ; eleven; 15].
To determine what category of complexity a route is, it is necessary to take three indicators established by the bit requirements - difficulty, duration and minimum length.
The difficulty of the route is determined by the number, quality and variety of obstacles.
A quantitative assessment of the difficulty of obstacles is made according to the total time spent on overcoming them, including all types of necessary activities. For routes of the VI category of difficulty, the number of obstacles is supposed to be such that it would take about 14-16 days of total time to overcome them with the maximum return of moral and physical strength; in routes of category V - 10-12 days; on routes IV - 7-8 days; in routes III - 4-5 days, etc. (with a total duration in accordance with the category requirements).