How to organize a hike; hike organization rules

How to organize a hike; hike organization rules

First of all, it should be noted that we are talking about organizing an amateur trip. It is impossible to use this article as a guide “how to organize a trip” to, say, the Pamirs. If you are going with friends to visit nearby beauties or conquer a small hill located in the place where you live, then the article should help. So, before organizing a hike, you need to determine its purpose:

How do I plan a trekking route?

After you have decided on the goal, you need to choose and plan a route. When planning a route, special attention should be paid to ensure that the departure and end points of the trip are convenient from the point of view of transport - so that after completing the trip, you can return back without any problems. If you don't want hardcore, then it makes sense to plot the route so that the group's path goes along forest, field roads, paths or clearings. Determine the parking places (preferably so that the stops are located at key points of the laid route). Places of parking, especially at night, should be chosen near water sources (rivers, lakes).

Do not plan a long distance hike for the first time. It often happens that the less you walk, the more you learn, the more you see. It is not necessary to create your own route - you can use the well-known trails, already passed by someone. A certain route of the hike is sometimes called by experienced tourists in another way the thread of the route. The route line is developed on the basis of the topographic map of the area in which the hike is planned, it includes such elements as the starting point, reference points of day crossings, halts and parking places and the end point, finish. It is advisable that all members of the hike take part in the development of the route.

Roles of group members in the hike

It is undesirable to go on a hike alone, it is best to go in a company. Ideally, when the group consists of people who know each other well. It is not worth taking extra passengers, they will be useless ballast on the shoulders of the team. Each team member should have specific responsibilities:

  • A team leader must be selected. The person who is responsible for all members of the group. As a rule, this is the most experienced tourist who has already been in hikes, who is able to make decisions in difficult situations.
  • There should be a kind of "treasurer" - a person who calculates all costs, is responsible for collecting money, deals with financial issues, if any, arise during the campaign.
  • The manager is the one who is responsible for collecting and supplying equipment and food. Determines the daily ration of foods per group. He is engaged in the distribution of equipment and food among the members of the group, monitors the uniform consumption of food and solves all economic issues during the trip.
  • The Medic is the person who is in charge of the medical equipment of the group. It is desirable that he has a medical degree.
  • Previously, a photographer could be distinguished. Now this is not so relevant, but when conducting campaigns associated with a large load, the allocation of such a position may be useful.
  • You need to choose a campfire, because on a hike, a bonfire provides an opportunity to warm up and cook food, and its importance should not be underestimated. It is preferable that it was one person, and not campfires replacing each other from halt to halt.

If the group is small, someone will have to combine several responsibilities.

Each of the participants of the hike must have personal equipment. Such equipment includes: a backpack, a change of linen, a light sweater, a light or storm jacket, a bowl, a mug, a spoon, a knife, a blanket or sleeping bag, a towel, and toiletries. I have a whole article on what to take with you on a hike.

In addition, there is general equipment that must be evenly distributed among all members of the group. General equipment includes, for example, tents. The rest of the general equipment, conditionally, can be divided into: campfire, medical, kitchen, repair and route.

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