How much equipment and clothing for climbing Elbrus cost

Winter Mountaineering: Safety, Preparation, Equipment and Areas

In the previous part, we analyzed the cost of clothing and shoes.

Here we will consider everything that the climber carries with him to the ascent.

Let me remind you that we are choosing a kit suitable for most of the ascents available to the novice climber. High-altitude and/or technically difficult ascents require light equipment and/or more different beautiful pieces of iron. This greatly affects the overall cost of the kit.

We will choose directly from the assortment of Russian online stores, without preferences.

I would be glad if you read to the end. Ask questions, share your opinion. Criticism on the case is welcome.

Part

Camping equipment Personal and not very personal

To get something upstairs, you first need a backpack. For most tasks, a volume of 50-60 liters is enough (different manufacturers count liters in their own way). Climbing models, as a rule, do without an adjustable backrest and a powerful frame - for the sake of weight. And with them it is more convenient to climb and walk on difficult terrain.

A backpack, like boots, is risky to order without trying on.

Mountaineering in our country is a collective activity, therefore, camping equipment is partly common. It is not necessary to sleep four together in two sleeping bags on three rugs, but sometimes it is justified and necessary. Well, let's count everything here, just in case:

You can probably survive in the mountains in any tent, but to live comfortably, take a look at budget "extreme" models. They are distinguished by a wind-resistant design, a "skirt" at the bottom, protected from moisture. A separate plus will be the ability to set up a tent alone in a couple of minutes. Not every tent works like this.

The usual "Izhevsk foam" rug is an indestructible thing, but it is not convenient to attach it to any backpack. Accordion folding rugs are very comfortable.

Tourism in the Krasnodar Territory, in Russia and in the world as a whole

Three layers in clothes, the theory of layers, the principle of layering - even if outdoor activities are not your topic, you've probably heard about it anyway. And if you haven't heard, it's time to figure it out. In this article, we will talk about three layers in simple language and without diving into the technological jungle: what is the theory of layers, how it works, and why for outdoor activities in the mountains you need to dress differently than in the city.

Yuri Serebryakov

Expert of AlpIndustria store on Pervomayskaya. He grew up in a family of climbers, has been going on mountain hikes since he was 3 years old.

Why layering clothes

Let's look at examples. Before leaving the house in the city, we look at the weather forecast and arm ourselves accordingly, with an umbrella, for example, or a jacket. And even if the sudden rain catches by surprise, we will find where to wait it out.

This won't work in the mountains. Firstly, as the altitude climbs, the relief, temperature and meteorological conditions change dramatically. Secondly, the weather changes in mountainous areas are rapid, and the sunny landscape can be replaced by thunderclouds and stormy winds in a matter of seconds. And to find out the exact forecast is often physically impossible.

In addition, not only the weather changes in the mountains, but also the intensity of loads, how actively we move. On the example of a ski tour, it looks like this. First, a long climb uphill on skis, with a backpack over his shoulders, the sun is burning - it's not easy, it's hot, you sweat, and you want to throw off everything that is possible. On halts, you don't move much and you start to cool down, and by the time you reach the top, the sun begins to set and quickly gets colder - you want to put on something warm. Finally, we have to ski down - quickly, with wind and snow in the face - here we already need a jacket that will protect from all this. In mountaineering and tourism, everything is also changeable.

So clothes must quickly adapt to changing conditions, protect their wearer from external influences (sun, wind, rain, snow, etc.), prevent the body from hypothermia and overheating. This is how the principle of layering works: layers can be combined and combined with each other in different ways, removed and put on, quickly adjusting to the conditions and maintaining a comfortable microclimate under the clothes. At the same time, the layers work all together, complementing each other, but each separately is responsible for its own task, which we will talk about below.

What are the three layers

So, in clothes for hiking, trekking, climbing, freeriding and other feats, it is customary to distinguish three main layers:

Everything about tourism: the basics of tourism, the history of tourism development, the geography of the main directions and types of tourism.

We are often asked about the average budget that a novice climber will need to purchase all the equipment and clothing needed for a successful ascent. It is not easy to give an unequivocal answer to this question, since the budget depends on many factors, from the correct choice to specific goals. For example, if you completely trust a sales assistant and buy everything in one store, then the amount will come out very rather big. But if you enlist the recommendations of experienced climbers and take care of the issue of purchasing equipment in advance, then the budget will also remain for a good gift for the family.

In this article, we decided to describe one of the most inexpensive, but at the same time repeatedly tested, sets of equipment and clothing for climbing Elbrus as part of a group in the summer. If you are too lazy to read the entire article, then scroll down and see the final count.

Why Elbrus? Because this peak is the most popular among novice climbers, but in the set of equipment and clothing described below, you can go, of course, not only to Elbrus.

Why in a group? In this article, we will not describe public tourist and mountaineering equipment: ropes, tents, burners, pots, radio stations, gps navigators, etc. It is understood that the group will have all this equipment (when hiking with tourist clubs, including ours, public equipment is included in the cost of participating in the campaign).

Why in summer? Clothes and equipment for climbing Elbrus in winter are very different from clothing and equipment for summer climbing (from May to September inclusive). This is due to the much harsher conditions on the mountain. We strongly do not recommend starting your acquaintance with mountaineering with winter ascents of five-thousanders.

So where to start?

First, let's ask ourselves a few questions: Is this my first hike in the mountains? Am I confident that I will continue to do mountaineering?

These are important questions, because renting a piece of equipment and clothing, by definition, will be cheaper than buying. Usually, for the first ascent, we recommend renting all climbing equipment (harness, crampons, helmet, ice ax, carabiner) and climbing boots, as well as a down jacket (down jacket), a backpack and a sleeping bag (for autonomous routes). Everything else can be bought relatively inexpensively, as well as used in other cases (not only in the mountains) - for skiing, hiking and walking. So, even if you no longer go mountaineering, your investment in such equipment and clothing will not be in vain.

Therefore, let's start with a universal set of clothes, and then separately consider the cost of renting and buying climbing equipment, puffs and warm gloves, a backpack and a sleeping bag.

Universal clothing set

For a detailed description of individual items of clothing, as well as their purpose and application, read our separate article: Clothing for climbing Elbrus

1. Thermal underwear (pants + jacket). In Decathlon we buy Freshwarm WED'ZE sweater and XWARM WED'ZE pants. 2150 p.

2. Fleece jacket. We buy Quechua Forclaz 400 sweatshirt in Decathlon. 1500 RUB

Why you should love winter mountaineering, what you need to know about it, how to prepare for going to the mountains in the cold season, what are the features of equipment for winter ascents and what accessible areas should you pay attention to for the first winter experience or for a first ascent? Novosibirsk alpinist Alexander Parfyonov, master of sports, three-time champion of Russia, shares his experience, including for the first successful winter ascent of the Ashat wall along route 6A to peak Sabakh.

Once upon a time, until the 70s of the XX century, it was customary to go to the mountains only in the summer season. For the regions of the "extreme south" of the USSR, this time dragged on until September-October, and attempts to make an ascent in winter were perceived as heroism or, in extreme cases, as the cutting edge of mountaineering.

I still remember the lines from "We dissolve in the elements" by Valery Khrishchaty about the first attempt to climb the winter Lenin Peak. As the plot of a good thriller: the wind, throwing a man off the ridge with a top, and a rappelling with fingers frostbitten to blisters.

But mountaineering, like Olympic sports, does not stand still - the athletes themselves, equipment, pharmacology are developing. And now even beginners go to winter training camps in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, and the most pressing "problem" is the winter K2. It is human nature to seek the limit of what is possible for himself, and many great climbers put the identity "can" and "want" as one of the aspects of motivation.

Recently the "problems" of winter ascents in the Big wall style have been solved. The residents of Krasnoyarsk climbed peak 4810 (Odessa) along one of the most difficult routes - Voronov (6B), straightening it and going almost 1/3 of the new route. In 2004, a team led by Pugovkin, again from Krasnoyarsk, laid a completely new winter route to Aksu, which has not yet been repeated even in summer.

Poles were pioneers in the conquest of the winter eight-thousanders, who made seven ascents during the calendar winter in 8 years, from 1980 to 1988:

1980, Everest: Leszek Cichy 1984, Manaslu: Maciej Berbeka and Ryszard Gajewski 1985, Cho-Oyu: Maciej Berbeka and Maciej Pawlikowski 1985, Dhaulagiri: Andrzej Czok and Jerzy Kchenzukka 1986: Wielicki 1987, Annapurna: Jerzy Kukuczka and Artur Hajzer 1988, Lhotse: Krzysztof Wielicki

The last of the "winter" eight-thousanders passed by now - Nangaparbat - was passed on February 26, 2016 after more than 20 attempts. At the moment, no man has set foot in the winter, only to the top of K2.

As we can see, climbers from all over the world find new "problems" all the time, including in winter, set goals and achieve goals, even if it takes 20 or even 40 attempts.

How does winter mountaineering differ from summer mountaineering?

First, and most importantly, in my opinion, to the already familiar factors of the complexity of the relief, the complexity of teamwork, rockfall and avalanche danger, one more is added - cold. That is, a climber who goes on an ascent in winter must take into account the risks of frostbite, fatigue from the cold and moral fatigue from the "permafrost". Indeed, in our hemisphere, on the cold northern walls, you can not see the disk of the Sun for days, or even weeks.

And yet, if in the summer you are caught by a night on the mountain, and you are not ready for it, this can lead to a maximum of stable discomfort for 7-8 hours or a cold. In winter, this is an emergency. Here you need to be especially careful: a cold night without movement will surely end with frostbite. It is better to work: hang the railing (albeit slowly, but hang it up), humming, at least equip the shelf. Even a minute loss of control over a freezing limb can end badly.

North face of Sabakh peak (Turkestan ridge, Ashat gorge). The sun does not even look at her in winter.

Active recreation is gaining popularity every year. More and more people are willing to spend time in nature, in the fresh air, doing their favorite hobby: hunting, fishing or tourism. But, so that the rest is not spoiled by seasonal changes or weather conditions, it is necessary, first of all, to choose the right wardrobe, since ordinary clothes do not meet the necessary requirements. The editorial staff of the YANashla website offers you an overview of the best tourist clothing and footwear for 2021.

What is the main thing in tourist clothing?

The weather during the hike can surprise with its instability and variability. The landscape, as well as the seasonal manifestations, force you to choose carefully what to wear. But it is not wise to take the entire wardrobe with you, especially when manufacturers have long learned to sew comfortable clothes that meet modern requirements. What is the main thing in a travel kit?

  • First, comfort and convenience. Clothes should correspond to the size of the tourist, fit well on the figure, do not constrain movements, and weigh little. A special cut helps to choose a wardrobe for any type of activity: fishing, mountaineering, skiing, river rafting, etc.
  • Secondly, ergonomics and functionality. On a hike, you need to be prepared for any unforeseen situations, and therefore, have everything you need at hand. This opportunity is provided by a large number of pockets, a zipper with two locks, magnetic buttons, a hood, drawstring drawers, ventilation pockets.
  • Third, security. Travel clothing should keep warm well, while not allowing the body to overheat. That is, to be breathable, removing excess moisture. The top layer, depending on the season, should be durable, water-repellent, frost-free, UV-resistant and heat-resistant.

What types of travel clothing do manufacturers offer?

Experts recommend dressing for a hike to a minimum, picking up a three-layer set that will prevent you from freezing in the cold, but also not overheating in the heat, by removing one or two layers. The complexity of the tourist route affects the price range of equipment. For the first easy outdoor recreation, it is advised to choose something simpler, at an affordable price. But if a person has fallen in love with tourism and is engaged in it professionally, then the choice of products should be taken more seriously, carefully check the quality of the offered products in order to avoid possible problems.

A tourist's wardrobe can consist of the following elements:

  • Walkways, in which the tourist passes the entire route. Their main qualities: to be light, easy to wash, dry quickly. For sewing such a product, synthetic fabric is mainly used. Cotton pants are also available, but the user must remember that they are more difficult to wash. Denim dries even longer, and when wet it becomes heavy, so wearing jeans on a trip is not recommended. Ideal: convertible trousers, which come unfastened to make them easy to wash and dry in the field. The density of the trousers is selected taking into account the time of year or the weather. Also, men's and women's styles differ.
  • Protective that the wind cannot blow or wet the rain. In water or mountain tourism, you cannot do without such trousers. The most popular model with full-length zippers sewn into the side seams. This makes it easier to remove them on a hike.
  • Pants with fleece are the best option so as not to freeze at night, relevant even in summer.
  • Insulated are used by skiers or lovers of winter outdoor activities. They have several necessary qualities at once: they retain heat, do not let the wind through, and repel water.
  • Athletic shortcuts used for cycling. Cycling pants fit your legs tightly, like leggings, do not get dirty from transport details. Experts recommend choosing such pants or shorts, paying attention first of all to the convenience, so as not to rub between the legs. The fabric is preferably synthetic or knitted.

  • The windbreaker should be made of membrane fabric, be light, do not get wet, do not let the wind through. Ideal to mid-thigh length to protect your back. The cut should be chosen free, not restricting movements. A hood is required, a high collar or throat is desirable. The most popular model is the raincoat windbreaker.
  • A raincoat or cape will help out if the outerwear does not have a moisture-repellent layer. This product is especially in demand during the off-season. When choosing a raincoat, focus on the fabric from which it is sewn. Polyethylene of any density is not suitable for a hike. He does not breathe, and therefore the person will still be wet, but already from sweat. Tourist "waterproof jackets" are made of a special membrane fabric, which, protecting from rain or fog, provides effective air exchange and removal of excess moisture from under the clothes. Poncho-shaped raincoats are in fashion, under which a tourist can hide along with equipment or a backpack.
  • The down jacket is distinguished by its lightness, compactness, effective ability to keep warm. Required by climbers and winter tourism enthusiasts. Natural down padding makes the jacket very warm. But the down jacket requires delicate care, as it easily absorbs moisture. And also, in order to avoid burning, it should not be dried close to the fire. To preserve the main purpose, it is advised to store the jacket in a tight bag.
  • An insulated jacket is selected taking into account the season: autumn or winter. The season is reflected in the thickness and quality of the insulation. For tourist travel, a jacket with synthetic insulation is recommended. It weighs little, but retains heat well. The absence of a jacket during a sharp cold snap can briefly replace two layers of fleece thermal underwear and a windbreaker.

  • A jacket is an obligatory part of a tourist's wardrobe, regardless of the season. For a summer trip, one is enough, and in winter it is advised to have two different thicknesses. Usually the choice is between a woolen warm thing and a product with fleece. A wool sweater is suitable for a short hike for 1-2 days. But on a long trip it is better to take a jacket with fleece. The material is synthetic, but warms up no worse than wool. At the same time lightweight, quick-drying. The fleece polka is especially indispensable for hiking on the water, as it does not absorb moisture. The female model differs from the male in variety and brightness of color.
  • T-shirts need to take two: cotton and synthetic. It is pleasant and comfortable to sleep in a natural T-shirt. During the day, when moving around, it is better to wear a thermal T-shirt. It dries quickly and will not allow you to freeze at rest. Synthetics also do not require much effort when washing, and also dries much faster. T-shirts are made with short or long sleeves, which allows you to select them according to the season and weather conditions.
  • A shirt can replace a long sleeve shirt. Lightweight cotton fabric will provide good protection from hot sunlight.

  • A hat with a scarf when hiking in low temperatures is just as important as a warm jacket. Fleece products won't add a lot of weight to the backpack.
  • Gloves may differ in their purpose. In any campaign, workers will not be superfluous, in which you can take a break, chop knots, and carry firewood. In the mountains, gloves with an upper windproof layer are required.
  • A balaclava hat is the main headdress of climbers in winter, which covers the face from gusts of wind.
  • Klondike, or bandana, are needed by tourists in the summer to protect their heads from the sun.
  • Socks for a hike take several pairs, among which must be warm, ideally thermal socks. Unlike ordinary cotton products, trekking models do not slip off the feet when walking, protect the skin from abrasions and calluses, retain heat, but remove excess moisture. Legs by the evening remain warm, dry, healthy, ready for new transitions in the morning.

numberTravel outfit Clothes1Pants2Windbreaker3Raincoat4Down jacket5T-shirt6Shirt7Coat8T-shirt9Underwear10Thermal underwear

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