Holiday August 8 - International Day of Mountaineering

Holiday August 8 - International Mountaineering Day

This unique, breathtaking holiday is called even easier - International Mountaineering Day! And how could it be otherwise: it is this courageous part of courageous people who are closely associated with everyday extreme sports, for whom "only mountains can be better than mountains", for the younger generation is a role model. And its skill for future ascents, the conquest of high peaks, it hones on climbing walls, which now every self-respecting city has both in Russia itself and in the near and far abroad. As for the celebration itself itself, it is very diverse - from honoring eminent climbers to organizing rock climbing competitions, amateur concerts or with the participation of eminent artists, whose repertoire includes songs dedicated to the conquerors of high snow peaks and everything that is associated with risky for the most life to the passion of brave and fearless people in all parts of the world.

It all started with Mont Blanc

This is the highest peak in the Alps - 4810 meters above sea level. It is located in Switzerland, near the valley with the romantic name Chamonix. It was she who was first conquered by the Swiss physician Michel-Gabriel Packard, together with the mountain guide Jacques Balma. And it happened in 1786, far from us. The event was preceded by interesting events. A certain Horace Benedict de Saussure tried to climb to the top of Mont Blanc. And he set himself this idea in 1760. However, the comparison "someone" does not characterize him in any way. He was not only Swiss, but also a well-known geologist, botanist, mountaineer among his compatriots by that time. Alas, his dream did not come true. In view of the risk and great difficulty, having overcome part of the route, and fearing for his very life, he refused further ascent. But loudly publicly announced that he would award a huge material prize to the one who would do it for him. And two daredevils were found - the doctor and the mountain guide already named by us. By the way, Michel-Gabriel Packard did not have much ardor for conquering the sky-high summit. He was already cowardly before the first difficulties and wanted, it was, to abandon the risky venture. But it was not there. The guide, Jacques Balma, did not allow him to do this. Inspired by the fact that he knows one treasured path to the top, which can be overcome with a couple of trifles. Of course, here he was somewhat cunning, for it was not the peak itself that attracted him, but a huge bonus that could be received if the goal was achieved. And be that as it may, the first conquerors reached the summit of Mont Blanc. But here's an amazing detail - soon a monument to Jacques Balma and Horace Benedict de Saussure appeared in the Chamonix Valley. But the fact that Michel-Gabriel Packard was on Mont Blanc, measured the temperature and air pressure there, described the neighboring peaks, and so on and so on, for some reason, forgotten. Moreover, they did not even accept for publication the book written in the wake of the ascent. Such is the injustice! Nevertheless, it still dawned on us that the brave Swiss doctor had visited Mont Blanc. It happened from the 7th to the 8th of August of the year 1786 already mentioned by us, and we owe the heroes this wonderful holiday that knows no boundaries, that is, the International Day of Mountaineering (Mountaineer).

Mont Blanc is not the main peak

And this can be judged by the height of the mountains. The same peak Everest (English), she is Sagarmatha from Nepalese, she is Chomolungma from Tibetan, ascended up to 8848 meters above sea level. It is located on the border of China and Nepal. It was first climbed in 1953 by Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and New Zealander Edmund Hillary. And now a year it rises to half a thousand suffering thrills and the title of the conqueror of Everest. And since 2014, 4042 climbers managed to visit it. At the same time, 2829 - twice. There is also a unique case - the Sherpa Alla Tenzing climbed Mount Everest twenty-one times!

It should be noted that the land area on Earth occupies a little twenty one percent of its entire area. 79 percent of the planet is covered with water, which together with the seas makes up the World Ocean. Ten percent of the land is mountains. And besides Everest, there are also other sky-high peaks. For example, Annapurna -1 in the Himalayas is 8091 meters above sea level. It was first conquered in 1950 by the French Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal. After them there were another hundred and fifty successful ascents. But the risk is high. The mortality rate among climbers who tried to climb it was about forty percent. Creepy! Nevertheless, for some reason the mountain is called the "Goddess of fertility" among the people. The Dhaunlagiri mountain range is also located in the Himalayas. Its highest point is 8167 meters above sea level. The peak was conquered in 1960 by a team of European climbers and sherpas-porters. But one of its walls has not yet been conquered by anyone. On the border of Nepal and China, in the same Himalayas, there is the Cho Oyu peak - 8188 meters above sea level. In 1954, an Australian expedition made up of Herbert Tychy and Joseph Juhler, together with Pasang Dawa Lama, the sherp, embarked on it. Right there in the Himalayas there is Mount Makalu ("Black Horseman". The first ascents to it were recorded in 1955 by French expeditions - three groups and three climbers in each. In total, success fell on a third of attempts to conquer. You can name other high peaks to which rush climbers from all over the world: Lhotse (Himalayas) - 8518 meters; Kanchenjunga (Himalayas) -8586 m; Chogori on the border of China and Pakistan - 8611 meters above sea level.

Russia, like the rest of Europe, has the highest mountain peak Elbrus. Its height is 5642 meters above sea level. Thousands of climbers conquered it. Among them is the invalid Vadim Lutsenko from Nevinnomyssk. Compared to the Himalayan peaks, Elbrus is much lower. But not everyone, however, was lucky to conquer it. Since 1929, almost three dozen climbers, moreover, professional athletes, have died during the ascents. Many people have also heard about the "roof of the world" in the Pamirs. The summit is higher than Elbrus - 7199 meters above sea level. And interestingly, the Russian Lenin Peak was the first to be conquered by the Germans. It happened in 1928. The names of the climbers are still well known - K. Vin, E. Allwein, E. Schneider.

Mountains pick the best

It is not unfortunate, but you cannot argue with the harsh reality. On August 4, 1993, in particular, during the next conquest of the Chapaev peak of the Khan Tengri mountain range, the famous Soviet climber Valery Khrishchaty died. Honored Master of Sports of the USSR, five-time champion of the USSR, who conquered three eight thousandths in the Himalayas - Everest, Kanchenjang, and Dhaulagir. He died under an ice avalanche. Together with partner Ilya Iodles and two Englishmen. One of the foreigners was found, the other three are missing. Terrible statistics from 1931 to 2010 in the mountains during the ascents, more than 1200 Soviet climbers and conquerors from the CIS were killed. In 1990 alone - 65. If we take individual peaks, then at the peak of Victory, 59 died, at the peak of Lenin -52, the peak of Communism - 41, at Dombai -15, at the peak of Free Spain -11 and so on. Causes of death - rockfalls, avalanches, breakdowns in the abyss during descent, there were cases - from sudden cardiac arrest during the ascent or from lack of oxygen. The sacrifices are great. But they do not stop romantic climbers: the fantastically fabulous snowy peaks are inviting and beckoning. And the worshipers of the mountains climb and climb their gray peaks.

All ages are submissive to mountaineering!

The younger generation has been joining him since school. Anyone, at least a boy, knows what an ice ax, a climbing cat, an asfifi, belay, bivvy or auxiliary equipment of the conquerors of mountain peaks is. We practically do not have a city where climbing walls would not be built - flat, broken, interconnected, imitating stones, cliffs and the like. There are modular climbing walls "Sorel", there are mobile ones. It is very easy to assemble both those and others. In children's parks, spacious gyms. Children train, compete with each other, and real climbers grow out of them, who are already going to conquer the surrounding mountain peaks. And so from generation to generation. And mountaineering - an occupation of fearless, courageous spirit, extreme lovers and incorrigible romantics, will also tell us many and many names of heroes who ascended the Pamir, Everest, Elbrus and other sky-high mountain peaks that attract with their harsh beauty.

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