Mountain tourism is a type of tourism, which consists in the movement of a group of people with the help of muscular strength along a certain route laid in a mountainous area in high mountains.
Kind of sport “Sports tourism. Mountain route (1-6 category) "is included in the All-Russian register of sports under the number 0840031411Я.
Difference from similar sports
The main factor that distinguishes mountain tourism from other types of sports tourism (and unites it with mountaineering) is that hiking takes place at a significant (more than 2500-3000 meters) absolute height above sea level.
Also, unlike hiking, mountain tourism does not evaluate extended obstacles (for example, swamps or dwarf thickets), and from local obstacles (LP) only passes, traverses of peaks and radial ascents to peaks are taken into account. Such LPs, typical for hiking tourism, as crossings over mountain rivers, do not count towards mountain tourism.
Climbing to the peaks was prohibited in mountain tourism until 1989. Climbing is now allowed, which has significantly reduced the outflow of mountain tourists to climbers. A feature of mountain hikes is that many groups not only ascend to the peaks, but pass traverses - ascend to the summit on one side, and descend on the other. Climbing often takes place in the Alpine style, including to the peaks of 7000 meters or more. In mountaineering, this is also practiced, but less common.
Until 1936, mountain tourism was not separated from mountaineering, and mountain hiking was one of the activities of climbers. After the defeat of the Society for Proletarian Tourism and Excursions (OPTE) and the execution of the organizer of the OPTE, People's Commissar of Justice NV Krylenko, mountain tourism, along with other types of tourism, was "given" to trade unions. As an independent sport (together with other types of tourism) it took shape in the USSR in 1949.
The difficulty of the route in mountain tourism is determined mainly by the category of difficulty of the passes, and the peaks included in it. Additional parameters are the length of the route (in kilometers) and the duration of the hike (in days). As in other types of sports tourism, 6 categories of hiking difficulty are formally distinguished in mountainous tourism. However, it should be noted that within the same category, hikes may vary slightly in actual difficulty.
For each of the 6 categories of difficulty (CS) of the mountain hike, the minimum length and minimum set of LP are set. So, for example, according to the rules existing for 2006, the mountain route of the 1st KS must have a length of at least 100 km and include at least two LP 1A of category of difficulty. Mountain route 5 KS must be no shorter than 160 km and contain at least a set of LPs of the form (1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B).
Limitations on the length of the route and the set of LPs may be changed by the decision of the Tourist and Sports Union of Russia.
FEDERATION OF SPORTS TOURISM OF UKRAINE
І. Methodology for determining the category of difficulty of routes
mountain sports hiking
II. Requirements for leaders and participants of mountain hikes
in the small mountains (MG) and in the highlands (V) with the experience of hiking in the MG
Presidium of the Federation of ST of Ukraine
dated February 11, 2012, Resolution No. 14,
put into effect by the decision of the FSTU Executive Committee
dated March 25, 2012, Resolution No. 18.
defining the difficulty category of the routes
mountain sports hiking
1. ... The methodology is designed to assess the difficulty category of mountain hiking routes in high mountain areas (B), as well as in small mountains (MG), incl. in the mountains of Crimea, Carpathians and other similar areas.
This hike was conceived as the bottom line of a mountain school tour. bast "Sputnik" season 2013-2014. At the same time, there were two groups in the region (the second under the leadership of V. Shtinov). Taking into account the level of training, training trips in May, it was possible to plan quite confidently an interesting route in the big mountains. Confidently, because the technical level of all the participants was quite high (in fact, higher than is usually required for a typical "two"), psychological stability was determined by the fact that the guys were already well acquainted through training and previous USP. Therefore, the task was to transfer the acquired knowledge to practice and to acquaint people with the mountains in the format of a classic mountain hike. Both leaders were planning to participate in more challenging hikes this season, so the end of June was chosen instead of the usual August.
This report contains technical data and descriptions, as well as, to increase readability, italicized fragments of the chronicle of our chronicler - a man who first visited the great mountains.
Passport of a sports hike
1.. Determining obstacles of the route
Notes: Here and further in the report:
Notes: When compiling the report, materials provided by the following group members were used:
DaysDate Route section Length, km. 2. 6. 4 Train No. 381 "Ufa-Chelyabinsk", flight Chelyabinsk - Bishkek. 23.6.4Kururt Issyk-Ata - upper reaches of the river. Shukur-Ter. 224.6. 4 upper reaches of the river. Shukur-Ter - pass 3440 (nk) - under Sary-Dzhygach 1B10325. 6.4 Per. Sary-Dzhygach (1B, 3950) 3426. 6.4 Per. Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan (1B, 4100) - Upper. R. Keng-Ter5527. 6.4. ... Ker-tor - lane. Devil's Finger (1 B, 4050) - top. R. chik-tash11627. 6.4p. chik-Tash - b. lamedine (midday) 10728. 6.4R. lamedin - r. Chichar - pass 3196 n \ k - v. pr. tributary of the river Chunkurchak12829. 6.4Convenient Pass 1A (p/p) - Baichechikey glacier13930. 6.4Baychechikey pass - (1B, 4396) - a \ l Ala-Archa 151001. 6.4 Air flight Bishkek-Perm, bus Perm - Ufa Total121
According to Rosstat, almost 35 million people in the Russian Federation live in rural areas. In recent years, in addition to the usual migration from villages to large cities, there has been a tendency to move back - from cities to villages. Clean air, silence and magnificent nature, these are the delights that attract people.