Hats

Hats

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Skullcap

This headdress is extremely popular among many peoples, it has long been worn in the Volga region and the Urals, in the Caucasus, in the Crimea, in Central Asia. The name familiar to the Russian ear was fixed due to the consonance with the Tatar "tubatei", that is, "hat". In other languages, the skullcap bears different names, among Azerbaijanis it is “arakhchyn”, Uzbeks call it “duppi”, but, for example, in Samarkand this headdress is already called “kalpok”.

Skullcaps were assigned not only a practical role - to protect the head from the summer heat and winter cold. In the old days, she served her master and as a talisman - it was believed that this headdress was able to protect from the evil eye. Skirts were sewn in different ways: in the form of a cone or four-wedge, flat or pointed, from several layers of silk, velvet fabric, cloth or satin, decorated with an ornament - embroidery or beads. The making of skullcaps was traditionally a woman's occupation, but this headdress was worn by everyone - men, women and children.

In the forties and fifties of the last century, there was a real boom in these hats in the USSR, when skullcaps were worn throughout the country. This "fashion" was brought from the Central Asian republics by those returning home from evacuation. The skullcap could be worn as an independent headdress or by winding a turban over it.

Turban (turban)

It may seem that the turban is one of the attributes of Islam, but it is not. A large piece of cloth wrapped around the head, and this is the turban, is a very ancient human invention. Such headdresses were worn as early as the third millennium BC, this is confirmed by finds related to the culture of Ancient India and Mesopotamia.

Turbans came to the Islamic world from the Arabs of the pre-Muslim period. This headdress became obligatory, since, according to hadith, the Prophet Muhammad wore it. For a turban, take a piece of fabric from five to eight meters long, in some cases up to twenty.

This headdress is also traditional for India. For Sikhs, wearing a turban - "dastar" - is mandatory. And their warriors - nihangs - wear turbans, like other clothes, only in blue. In the past, warriors could wear weapons and things for a campaign in a turban, which made the headdress massive and heavy.

The wearing of a turban or turban was associated with social status, for example, in India, the lower castes were prohibited from wearing such a headdress. And the value of turbans can be judged by the jewelry that adorned them. For example, the famous Kohinur diamond, which is now among the stones of the British crown of Queen Elizabeth, for several centuries adorned the headdress of the rajahs from the dynasty of the Malawian Sultanate. Legend has it that if the stone falls from the turban, the people of Malwa will fall into slavery. So, in essence, it happened - when the Rajah's wife handed over the diamond in an attempt to appease the conquerors, the state was destroyed and became part of the Mughal Empire.

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