Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Tour to Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan - the road of winds and mountains: the best on the Pamir Highway and the Wakhan Corridor

1 city, 7 districts, 43 rural communities

Pamir languages, Tajik

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Tajik Viloyati Mukhtori Kistoni Badakhshon) is an autonomous region within the Republic of Tajikistan.

After the approval of Soviet power in the Pamirs from August 15, 1923 as part of the Pamir District of the Fergana Region of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, on January 2, 1925, by decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, it was transformed into the Autonomous Region of Gorno Badakhshan (AGB) as part of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, with October 16, 1929 as part of the Tajik SSR, which became part of the USSR as a union republic. On December 5, 1936, it was renamed into the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Resolution of the VIII Extraordinary Congress of Soviets of the USSR 25. 1 - 5. 2. 936) [1]. On August 4, 1967, for the successes achieved in economic and cultural development, she was awarded the Order of Lenin and the Order of Friendship of Peoples in 1972.

GBAO borders Kyrgyzstan in the north, China in the east, and Afghanistan in the south and west. The area is 64,100 km² (44.9% of the territory of Tajikistan).

The administrative center of the region is the city of Khorog with a population of 28.9 thousand people. The distance from Khorog to Dushanbe is 527 km.

Contents

Geography

Most of the territory of GBAO is occupied by the highlands of the Eastern Pamir (the highest point is Ismoil Somoni Peak, the former peak of Communism (7495 m)), because of which it is sometimes called the “Roof of the World”.

History

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region

Gorno Badakhshan Autonomous Region (abbreviated as GBAO or in the Tajik "VMKB" Viloyati Mukhtori Kistoni Badakhshon) is one of the most mountainous, sparsely populated, underdeveloped and large regions of Tajikistan located in the eastern part of the country with a population of 226 thousand people, which is only 2.7% of the country's inhabitants.

GBAO was formed on January 2, 1925 and the administrative center of the region is the city of Khorog. It borders on Kyrgyzstan in the north, China in the east, and Afghanistan in the south and west. Area 64,200 km² (44.9% of the country's territory). GBAO includes 1 city and 7 districts, including: the city of Khorog and the districts of Vanj, Ishkashim, Murgab, Roshtkala, Darvaz Rushan and Shugnan.

Irrigated land in GBAO is 17.7 thous. hectares, which equals 2.4% of the irrigated lands of Tajikistan, rainfed lands 6.4 million hectares, gardens 1.1 thousand hectares, vineyards 1 thousand hectares, meadows 757 thousand hectares, housing 1.2 thousand hectares ., backyard 4.7 thousand hectares. and for seedlings of 75 hectares.

Badakhshan region is famous for its highlands, characteristic dialect, precious stones, the road to China and the Garmchashma sanatorium and beautiful lakes. Economically and social life in GBAO is very poorly developed due to the mountainous terrain and lack of resources, including irrigated land, labor force and communication location. The distance from Khorog to Dushanbe is 527 km.

NAMES OF CITIES AND DISTRICTS GORNO BADAKHSHAN AUTONOMOUS REGION Name Territory (ha) Population (thousand) Vanj443 04733.9 Ishkashim365 60632.9Murgab3 844 22115.0Roshtkala426 27327.0423.0Darvazushn .) 2 31030.8 TOTAL GBAO: 6 407 529226.9

The industry of the region is represented by 12 enterprises. The specific weight of the volume of industrial production in the region in the total volume of its production in the republic in 2014 was 0.8%. In 2014, the region generated 185 million kWh of electricity, produced 290 tons. meat, 5 tons of sausages, 16.0 thousand tons of grain, 50.1 thousand tons of potatoes, 18.7 thousand tons of vegetables, 0.3 thousand tons of food melons, etc.

The number of cattle in the region at the end of 2014 amounted to 111.6 thousand heads, including 37.6 thousand cows, 305.1 thousand sheep and goats, 5.4 thousand yaks and 0.32 thousand horses. Capital investments for the development of the GBAO economy in 2014 amounted to 105.2 million somoni, or 1.4% of the total volume in Tajikistan.

There are 36 hospitals in the region.

The capacity of outpatient clinics is 32.7 (visits per shift) per 10 thousand population. The population of the region is provided with medical services by 367 doctors of all specialties and 1052 nurses. The sanatorium of the same name operates on the basis of the Garm-Chashma hot mineral springs.

There are 20 preschool institutions in the region, where 1,600 children are educated, 320 daytime general education schools (with 45 thousand students), one medical school (0.4 thousand students) and one institution of higher professional education (5.1 thousand students).

days/nights Cost from USD

The route will take you through the three countries of Central Asia - Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan

The cost is indicated per person in hotels, guest houses, yurts along the route, in hotels - double occupancy, in other places - for 4 people.

Three meals a day + water

Afghan visa (obtained at the consulate in Khorog)

Toyota Land Cruiser SUVs (3 people in a car) and mountain minibuses with a comfortable suspension like Hyundai Stareks (5 people in a car)

Important Tour Features:

- Panoramas of the Pyanj River on the border of Afghanistan and Tajikistan- Traditional day in an Afghan family- Zoroastrian settlements and ancient fortresses- Bathing in a mountain thermal spring in the mountain sanatorium Garm Chashma- Khorog and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomy- Safari on donkeys and yak ride- Master class on Tajik pilaf- Wakhan corridor: junction of the Pamir, Hindu Kush and Karakorum- Lake District or Alichur valley- Zaalai ridge and Kyzylart pass- Alai valley and overnight in the Kyrgyz yurt- Shopping in the cities of Osh and Dushaya M41 - Pamir Highway

This exciting adventure route will suit both lovers of ecological recreation and the most active seeking nature!

Unique views of mountains, lakes, passes, gorges, rivers will not leave indifferent even a sophisticated traveler.

An experienced Russian guide, the hospitality of the locals, an unforgettable experience of living in an Afghan family - it will be something very special!

Day Arrival in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan

1 city, 7 districts, 43 rural communities

Tajik language, Pamir languages.

Pamiris - 70%, Tajiks - 25% Kyrgyz - 5%.

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Tajik Viloyati Mukhtori Kistoni Badakhshon) is an autonomous region within the Republic of Tajikistan.

Formed on January 2, 1925 by the decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. On August 4, 1967, she was awarded the Order of Lenin for the successes achieved in economic and cultural construction.

GBAO borders Kyrgyzstan in the north, China in the east, and Afghanistan in the south and west. The area is 64,100 km² (44.9% of the territory of Tajikistan).

The administrative center of the region is the city of Khorog with a population of 28.9 thousand people. The distance from Khorog to Dushanbe is 527 km.

Contents

Geography [edit]

Most of the territory of GBAO is occupied by the highlands of the Eastern Pamir (the highest point is Ismoil Somoni Peak, the former peak of Communism (7495 m)), because of which it is sometimes called the “Roof of the World”.

History [edit]

The first inhabitants on the territory of the Pamirs and Badakhshan, within which the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region is located, appeared already in the Stone Age. At the end of the Bronze Age, Badakhshan was settled first by proto-Indian tribes [1], and then by ancient Iranians, and the languages ​​and beliefs of these newcomers were superimposed on the local substratum non-Indo-European languages. As a result, a group of Eastern Iranian languages ​​was formed in Badakhshan.

In the VII-II centuries. BC e. Badakhshan was inhabited by tribes known in written sources as Saki. The toponym "Shugnan" is associated with their name, literally meaning "the land of the Sakas". [1] Also associated with the name is the toponym Ishkashim (in Ishkashim - Shkoshm) - an administrative region in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. According to the researcher T.N. Pakhalina, the toponym is of Indo-Aryan origin and goes back to Indo-Aryan. * sakā-kšam-, where the first part can be interpreted either as the name of the country where the Saka tribe lived (cf. sakā - the name of the country and people), or as the name of the Saka tribe, and the second part can be compared with the other Indus ... * kšm- "land", "country" and with its derivative modern Indo-Aryan kšama - "land". In this case, in general, the word "* sakā-kšam-" obviously meant ‘the land of the Sakas’, ‘Scythia’. [2] And Rushan and Rushans take their name from the Aryan tribes "Rosarians", that is, "light Aryans".

1 city, 7 districts, 43 rural communities

Tajik language, Pamir languages.

Pamiris - 70%, Tajiks - 25% Kyrgyz - 5%.

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Tajik Viloyati Mukhtori Kistoni Badakhshon) is an autonomous region within the Republic of Tajikistan.

Formed on January 2, 1925 by the decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. On August 4, 1967, she was awarded the Order of Lenin for the successes achieved in economic and cultural construction.

GBAO borders Kyrgyzstan in the north, China in the east, and Afghanistan in the south and west. The area is 64,100 km² (44.9% of the territory of Tajikistan).

The administrative center of the region is the city of Khorog with a population of 28.9 thousand people. The distance from Khorog to Dushanbe is 527 km.

Contents

Geography [edit]

Most of the territory of GBAO is occupied by the highlands of the Eastern Pamir (the highest point is Ismoil Somoni Peak, the former peak of Communism (7495 m)), because of which it is sometimes called the “Roof of the World”.

History [edit]

The first inhabitants on the territory of the Pamirs and Badakhshan, within which the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region is located, appeared already in the Stone Age. At the end of the Bronze Age, Badakhshan was settled first by proto-Indian tribes [1], and then by ancient Iranians, and the languages ​​and beliefs of these newcomers were superimposed on the local substratum non-Indo-European languages. As a result, a group of Eastern Iranian languages ​​was formed in Badakhshan.

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