More and more young people feel the need for active rest, where there is a powerful adrenaline rush. Adventure tourism offers a type of travel that is life-threatening to some extent and more thrilling than a beach holiday.
The history of extreme travel is associated with the development of modern sports that appeared in the middle of the last century and are now widely popular - snowboarding, diving, rock climbing. Every year the opportunities for extreme recreation are becoming wider. Mostly they target a young audience. The risk factors for extreme tourism can be categorized by the nature of the impact:
Sometimes the participants of the extreme tour themselves abandon modern communication systems and household appliances, taking on a hike only the most necessary things - a flask, a compass, a knife, flint or matches, a first-aid kit. In this case, extreme tourism takes place at the level of survival in natural conditions.
Such a journey requires special preparation. A tourist should be well versed in the peculiarities of the area, study its flora and fauna, and know about the beneficial properties of medicinal plants. Only your own experience and knowledge, practical skills will help you to withstand the difficulties and dangers of an extreme hike. But for beginners without sufficient physical training, a one-day hike through the mountainous terrain will be an extreme tour.
Sports extreme tourism remains the most popular. Alpine skiing is a widespread type of outdoor activity. Snowboarding emerged in the early 60s as an extreme extreme of alpine skiing. Speed boarding from mountain slopes has become so popular that at the end of the last century it was officially included in the program of the Olympic Games. Some extreme lovers go snowboarding on the sandy slopes in the summer.
Being in the mountains is in itself a sufficient risk. Mountain types of extreme tourism are considered the most dangerous. Among them, mountaineering is rightfully ranked first. For ascents, it is usually customary to choose summer time when weather conditions are more favorable. However, daredevils are not afraid of either the winter bad weather or the danger of avalanches. And it doesn't matter that the conquered peak is not the famous five-thousander. Victory over the forces of nature is important, and most importantly, over oneself.
Travel industry is one of the most affected industries from the pandemic. However, the country's government has taken some measures to support domestic tourism, and since July 2020, some countries of the near and far abroad have opened their borders to Russian travelers - the list of states is gradually increasing. Let's see what the main changes have taken place in the field and how tourism will develop in the coming year.
The impact of the pandemic crisis on domestic tourism was not as catastrophic as in the case of overseas travel. On the contrary, according to KupiBilet, Russia ranks second in the world in terms of domestic tourism recovery. Decrease in demand was observed in October - by quite acceptable 17%. Among the government measures to support the industry is the introduction of cashback for domestic tours.
Most hotels closed during quarantine, so the demand for short-term rental housing increased by 50% compared to previous years. During the summer season, Russians mainly visited Crimea, the resorts of the Krasnodar Territory and Altai. There is a demand for new directions - Dagestan, Karelia, Ingushetia and the Kaliningrad region.
Due to the increased interest in domestic tourism, the share of sold tours has decreased. People now prefer to travel, choosing their place of residence on their own. The demand for the service of local guides rose by 46.3%, according to the statistics of Avito Services. At the same time, preferences shifted from accommodation at the hotel on the daily rent of apartments - it is cheaper and more comfortable.@
among tourists traveling around Russia, in 2020, residents of large cities prevailed, which before the pandemic preferred abroad. Preference was given to sports and cognitive routes. In the future, this will have a positive effect on the development of local tourism infrastructure.
Remarkable Trend - Tourists now prefer to travel on cars. The machine allows you to drive through a complex and interesting route, and in quarantine conditions, moving on personal transport is safer than a train or aircraft. The popularity of authodomov has sharply increased: according to Avito Auto, the demand for "houses on wheels" grew by 40%.
Restrictions on massive entertainment events introduced in Moscow and St. Petersburg did not slow down to reflect on the winter holiday. Traditionally, the winter holidays Russians love to spend in the capitals. Now the direction has changed - tourists, including metropolitan inhabitants, go to the regions: Sochi, Sheregesh (Kemerovo), Elbrus, Altai, Karelia, on the route "Golden Ring".
All trends and statistics suggest that 2021 will be the year of domestic tourism. Many Russians were first traveled around the country in 2020, and only because the borders were closed. However, unusual internal routes, many travelers fell to taste. According to Raiffeisenbank, 74% of Russians are ready to spend vacation in the country if they tell about new interesting places.
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