Extreme tourism description, types, photos, videos, concept and signs

Extreme tourism description, types, photos, videos, concept and signs

Ski tourism is a favorite type of active recreation. This is a great way to improve your physical fitness, temper your body and strengthen your immune system, and increase your endurance. And besides, skiing is a lot of positive emotions from winter landscapes and communication with like-minded people.

Despite the seeming simplicity, a ski trip is not just a walk, so you need to carefully prepare for it. After all, skiers are in the cold for a long time and move not only on virgin snow, but also on rough terrain with thickets of vegetation, snowdrifts and rubble. Therefore, special attention is paid to equipment, clothing, footwear, as well as technical skills.

Before setting off, the route is carefully planned, if necessary, transport issues are resolved, the necessary equipment is selected, the trip time is calculated, food and water supplies, etc.

Given the fact that it gets dark early in winter, tourists set out early in the morning. The first rest is done in 15-20 minutes. after the start of the movement - this makes it possible to eliminate the identified problems in the equipment, put things in a backpack better, take off excess clothes if it is hot. Subsequent halts are made in 40 minutes, their duration is no more than 10 minutes. In strong wind and frost, the periods of movement are reduced to 30 minutes, and halts - to 3-5 minutes. However, there is no strict reference to the time of rest. The head of the group decides on their necessity based on expediency.

Along the route, a group of skiers follows each other in single file, maintaining a distance of about 5 m between them on a flat road and at least 10 m on slopes. The leader of the group goes first, the last one is one of the most experienced skiers. The leader of the campaign can take another place in the column - at the end or in the center. It all depends on the situation. The closing athlete controls the movement of the group and the condition of the participants, and also helps in minor repairs of equipment.

Very often a group of tourists has to lay a ski track on virgin soil For this, the one who goes first makes a track and steps aside, letting the others pass, and stands at the end of the column

At the halts, tourists sit on stumps, fallen trees, clearing them of snow and spreading a jacket. Sometimes they sit directly on a backpack or rest while standing, leaning on ski poles.

Ski tourism obliges athletes to have orienteering skills. In winter, this is especially difficult, because all landmarks are covered with snow. Therefore, the main assistants are the map and the compass, and the distance traveled is determined by the time and speed of movement. The tourist's map must contain information about the relief, vegetation in a given area, rivers and streams, about roads and routes, settlements, etc. The participants of the hike study this information in detail before setting off.

Gel-skiing has become one of the new directions. Daredevils climb to the top of the mountain by helicopter, and from there go down on skis. They assess the difficulty of the route from a height and develop tactics of movement.

Another kind is sandboarding. This is ski tourism for those who cannot wait for winter and snow. Athletes ski on the sands of the dunes, going to Algeria or Morocco for this.

Alpine skiing is a special sport chosen by those who love to ski on the slopes of the mountains. Ski resorts are open at any time of the year, where you can rent equipment, as well as use the services of a professional instructor. The skier can choose the slope according to his abilities, the difficulty of the slopes is determined by the color. However, even the easiest track requires a certain level of training.

The most important tourist equipment is, of course, skis. They must be durable and lightweight and are selected taking into account the predominant relief along the route of tourists. So, if the route runs mainly on a plain with minor changes in the landscape, then ordinary walking skis will do. For movement in forests, hills and off-road it is better to opt for the "Tourist" type skis, which are shorter, wider and stronger, do not fall into the snow.

Bindings for recreational skis are stiffer. For specialized tourist skis, semi-rigid with springs are more suitable. They allow you to put ski on any shoe: ski boots, boots and even felt boots. So that snow does not fall under the heel and does not accumulate there, rubber gaskets up to 3 mm thick are stuffed on the skis.


Active leisure activities are gaining increasing popularity among ordinary tourists. Diving has become especially popular, one of the most exciting and extreme types. Parachutists and skiers have to make room - the number of divers around the world is growing rapidly. Paying attention to the numbers, it becomes clear: the spread of diving is comparable only to the epidemic. There are nearly 20,000,000 certified recreational divers in the world today, up from several hundred 40 years ago. Also, now all over the world parachute jumping is very popular. They began to jump with a parachute more than half a century ago, but it turned into a mass character only 15 years ago. There are now many options for skydiving. This is both skysurfing and group acrobatics, but BASE jumping is gaining more and more popularity. It is not only a thrill, but also a magnificent sight. Many people specially come to various competitions to watch people jump from skyscrapers, television towers, bridges, rocks. If someone doesn't like diving or jumping from great heights, then you can try windsurfing, also a popular form of recreation. But here it is worth considering that this pleasure is associated with constant falls into the water, and the real possibility of drowning in sea waves, as well as inevitable calluses on the hands. But testing yourself in rafting on rough mountain rivers will definitely be remembered for a long time.

In general, extreme tourism is one of the most promising types of tourism, which attracts more and more people. New places for active recreation appear, both artificial ones, for example, ski resorts, as well as places created by nature that people did not know about before, for example, caves. And the fact that this type of tourism is actively developing can be seen at least from the fact that all new types of it appear


Extreme tourism is one of the most promising types of tourism, which attracts more and more people.

Active include various adventure tours, adventure travel, visits to exotic places, volcanoes, islands, waterfalls, and the like. Usually this is an unconventional tour to exotic and ecologically clean natural reservations, associated with unusual travel, unconventional means of transportation. In some cases, such a tour is associated with risk and serious physical exertion, requires courage and skills. Popular recreation at ski resorts - participation requires a certain physical fitness and skill of the participants. Such tourism is close to sports tourism, but the routes are better prepared and the conditions are much more comfortable, the risk is minimized due to the provision of guides, intermediate camps, and tourist equipment.

The peculiarity of extreme tourism is its sports character and participation of the youth age group in it

Ski tourism is perhaps the most developed of all types of extreme tourism. We have ski resorts of a fairly high standard. And although they are significantly inferior to their counterparts, for example, in European countries, our tourists with an average income are happy to visit resorts.

Snow blindness can occur while in the highlands. Snow blindness occurs as a result of sunburn of the mucous membrane of the eye and retina caused by bright sunlight that is reflected by snow, ice, or the surface of the water.

With snow blinding, there is a strong lacrimation, photophobia, redness of the eyes. In severe cases, temporary loss of vision is possible.

With the development of symptoms, a dark eye patch, cold compresses, eye rinsing with 2-4% boric acid solution is necessary. If vision is not restored, the patient should be evacuated to the hospital.

The variety of types of extreme tourism in our time is simply amazing. Everyone comes up with something especially new, just to attract tourists and just thrill-seekers. It seems that a person is simply competing with nature: he overcomes mountain rivers, visits dangerous caves, conquered the waters of the oceans and seas, learns about the sky with the help of various devices, and can take off for several days into space. And most importantly, all this is combined into only one desire: incredible pleasure.

For a long time, everyone has been attracted by something new, unidentified, and some are ready to lay out a lot of money just to feel this famous acute feeling.

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