Extreme tourism (Chapter from the book of Babkin A

Extreme tourism (Chapter from the book of Babkin A

Recently, adventure tourism has been actively developing - a type of tourism that unites all travel associated with active modes of movement and recreation in nature, with the aim of obtaining new sensations, impressions, improving the tourist's physical shape and achieving sports results.

A kind of adventure tourism, namely, extreme tourism, which is gaining momentum all over the world, especially in Russia, belongs to special types. More and more people strive to see the beauty of the underwater world, go down the mountain slope on skis and even jump with a parachute. In Europe, for example, this type of tourism began to develop rapidly and become more widespread in the late 1980s - early 1990s. And here, in Russia, it has been since the mid-1990s. Despite the fact that this type of tourism is becoming more and more popular from year to year, tourists mainly prefer such still popular types of tourism as excursion, educational, beach, etc. And all because most of the tourists do not know what includes extreme tourism, where you can go (and you don't even have to go outside your city) and how much it all costs. In Russia, extreme tourism is not as well developed as in other parts of the world, in particular in Europe.

Active leisure activities are gaining more and more fans among ordinary tourists. Diving, one of the most extreme types, has become especially popular. Diving is addictive. He's dangerous and exciting. He's trendy. Parachutists and skiers have to make room - the number of divers in Russia and around the world is growing rapidly. The divers themselves are sure that there is no better rest than diving to a depth of 40 meters with heavy cylinders behind their backs. When looking at the numbers, it becomes clear: the spread of diving is comparable only to the epidemic. Now there are almost 20 million certified amateur divers in the world, while 40 years ago there were only a few hundred. Skydiving is very popular nowadays. They began to jump with a parachute more than half a century ago, but they turned into a mass type of recreation only 15 years ago. There are now many options for skydiving. This is both skysurfing and group acrobatics, but BASE jumping is gaining more and more popularity. If someone doesn't like diving or jumping from great heights, then you can try windsurfing, also a popular form of recreation. (But it is worth considering that this pleasure is associated with constant falls into the water and the real possibility of drowning in the waves of the sea, as well as inevitable calluses on the hands.) Or you can test yourself in a rafting on turbulent mountain rivers, which will definitely be remembered for a long time. For those who are afraid of water, walking tours are suitable. This is also extreme tourism, which is fraught with difficulties and dangers. The most extreme rest can be safely called mountaineering, where both physical and psychological endurance of a person is tested. An alternative to mountaineering can be trekking in caves. Impressions from such a trip are usually long enough.

Water sports

Diving is very popular all over the world. This is a rather expensive type of extreme tourism. General training and equipment will cost a beginner up to $ 1000, in addition you will have to pay for the cost of a tour package. If the equipment is not bought, the cost of preparing for the first round is reduced to $ 250. True, then you will have to pay $ 30-40 for renting a suit, scuba gear and other things necessary at depth. Well, really good equipment costs from $ 1,500 for a complete set.

Russian divers are mostly young - their average age is 30 (in the USA - 36). These are intelligent urban youth: in Russia the overwhelming majority (77%) of divers have a higher education (in the USA - 50%). In general, diving in Russia is very poorly developed and is very expensive by our standards. And the number of travel companies offering this type of recreation directly in Russia is small. After all, the Black Sea, of course, cannot be compared in the beauty of the underwater world with the Red Sea. Therefore, many Russian citizens prefer to travel to Sharm el Sheikh or Southeast Asia than to Sochi. For a slightly higher price, they get much more fun.

Wakeboarding is a combination of water skiing, snowboarding, skateboarding and surfing. The boat is towing a raider standing on a short, wide board. Moving at a speed of 30-40 km/h with additional ballast on board, the boat leaves behind a wave, which the raider uses as a springboard. You can perform many different tricks while jumping. Wakeboarding began to develop especially dynamically in the early 1990s. He revolutionized water sports in the same way that snowboarding was in alpine skiing. From a hobby of a small group of enthusiasts, it turned into a popular sport with its own philosophy and culture. A lot of tricks came to wakeboarding from related "board" sports - snowboarding, skateboarding, which gives the wakeboarder the opportunity to progress all year round. All you need to do is change the board! The cost of a complete set of "wakeboarding" equipment is from $ 400. A special boat is needed for wakeboarding, but such boats are expensive, which is why they rarely appear in Russia. Consequently, in our country, this type of recreation is almost undeveloped due to the high cost of tourism products.

Water skiing is one of the most famous types of outdoor activities. It is a worthy replacement for downhill and cross country skiing. Water skiing first appeared in 1922, when the American Ralph Samuelson, a resident of Minnesota, experimenting with conventional winter skiing, decided to try them on the water. He fitted two wide pine planks with fasteners for the legs. After that, the inventor successfully tested skiing on the waters of the lake in Lake City. This sport has constantly progressed and today it has become so spectacular and popular that in 1998 the Greek Olympic Committee recommended the introduction of water skiing into the program of the 2004 Olympics in Athens. True, the IOC never made a final decision on this issue. Well, for water skiing you need four things: the actual water ski, a life jacket, gloves and a wetsuit. The cost of skis varies from $ 120 to $ 1000, plus the rest of the equipment (wetsuit, gloves, life jacket) - about $ 150. Water skiing is now actively practiced on the Black Sea coast.

Windsurfing is a kind of sailing; racing on a special oval carbon fiber board with a rough surface for stability, with fins and stabilizers on the bottom plane and a small sail that attaches to the board. Born in the USA (1968).

Surfing is the same, but without a sail. Actually, windsurfing originated from surfing. With a good wind, you can reach a speed of more than 10-12 m/s. Well, the record for today is more than 70 km/h. The cost of a set of equipment is quite high. Windsurf included - 1000 USD, spare sailing set (mast, boom, sail) - 500, wetsuit - 200, total - 1700 USD

Kayaking is popular abroad and is gaining more and more popularity in Russia. This is a singles sport, although it is not devoid of a team spirit, it makes it possible to challenge the elements and stay alone with it. In modern kayaking, three main directions are developing - rowing slalom, rodeo and rafting.

Slalom kayaking is the ability to maneuver a kayak while feeling the boat and the water.

Rodeo, unlike slalom, is not only a virtuoso technique, but also an element of the game. Freestyle on a kayak is the performance of various tricks on a boat due to the features of the relief of the river. On a kayak, you can go on a water trip along the river of any complexity or play rafting on a small section of a mountain river, choosing individual obstacles in the form of barrels, shafts and waterfalls and passing them lightly. Naturally, in order to feel confident during rafting, you need to master the basic slalom and rodeo techniques. The kayaker's outfit includes: a boat, a helmet, a life jacket, a skirt (prevents water from entering the boat), rubberized slippers and a paddle.

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