A project for the development of extreme tourism in the region has been launched in Dagestan
Fans of extreme sports in the republic will have access to such sports as mountaineering, rock climbing, snowkiting, windsurfing, kiting
Cultural and historical heritage of the peoples of the Albanian/Lezgin-speaking group, modern Lezgins, Udins, Tsakhurs, Tabasaran, Aguls, Rutuls, Budukhs, Kryz, Archins, Khinalugs
1. One of the first mosques in the Caucasus and Russia.
2. Fortresses in Kabala (Kve pele) and Derbent (Kve var). 2 of the 3 capitals of Caucasian Albania. render completely.
3. The oldest Christian church in Russia. Albanian temple built in 380m. It is located in Derbent, on the territory of the Naryn-Kala fortress. During the adoption of Islam, the temple was covered with earth and used as a reservoir.
4. Christian temples of the period of Caucasian Albania. One of the oldest temples in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, the same period with Armenian and Georgian temples.
5. Albanian temples. Internal architecture.
6. The capital of a column of a Christian church of the 7th century. with an inscription in Albanian, the ruins of which were discovered during archaeological excavations in Mingechevir./Bronze and copper dishes of the Albanian period found in South Dagetstan and Shemakha./Albanian crosses
8. Jewelry of the Albanian period found in Mingechaur and Shemakha, in Ismaily.
9. Antique period. Pantheon of deities. Epic.
10. The three capitals of Caucasian Albania are Kabala, Barda and Derbent. Maps of Caucasian Albania
With someone's light hand, Dagestan has long been called the "country of mountains". However, this statement is clearly erroneous. Mountain birds fly only over half of the territory of the republic. Over the other half - to the north and east of the mountains - steppe eagles soar in the sky. And the Kumyks, or, as they call themselves, the Kumuklar - one of the largest peoples in today's Dagestan, inhabit this flat area.
In terms of the total number in Dagestan, the Kumyks are second only to the Avars and Dargins. Kumyks also live compactly in the area of the city of Mozdok in North Ossetia. They also make up a large national minority in Chechnya. Here the Kumyks historically live in the Grozny and Gudermes districts - the villages of Braguny, Vinogradnoye, Darbanhi. There is also an extensive Kumyk diaspora in the Stavropol Territory.
In total, about 500 thousand Kumyks live in Russia. Many representatives of this people (about 100 thousand people) also settled in Turkey and the Middle East. Here the Kumyks appeared in the XVIII – XX as refugees-muhajirs and the Russian Empire.
Elders of the Kumyk village of Kizlyar, Mozdok district of North Ossetia
The ethnonym “kumyk” itself is derived by linguists from the native Turkic word “kum” (sand, sandy desert). The Kumyks were also called tuzli (ler) (inhabitants of the plain), the southern Kumyks say to themselves “khaidak kumuklar”, that is, “Kaitag Kumyks”. In Russian, European and Iranian sources, the Kumyks were also known under the name Dagestan, Caucasian or Terek Tatars. Other, mainly mountainous, peoples of Dagestan call the Kumyks as follows: Dargins - Dzhandarti, Avars - Tlyarogal, Laks - Arnissa.
There is still no clear consensus among scientists about the origin of the Kumyks. Some of the anthopologists associate their ancestors with the Kipchaks or the Khazars, who speak of the Kumyks as the Caucasian highlanders who were Turkified in the Middle Ages. They say that some obscure peoples "Kam" or "Kamak" are mentioned by Roman historians as residents of Northern Dagestan in the 1st century AD. ...
Representatives of the Kumyk community of Turkey
In the past centuries, large states existed among the Kumyks in northern Dagestan and the surrounding areas: the Andirey principality, the Utamysh soltanate, the Tyumen khanate, the Bragun principality, the Mekhtulinsky khanate, the Utsmiystvo Kaitagskoe. And their historical and cultural center was the large city of Tarki in the area of modern Makhachkala. But as a result of the broad offensive of the Russian Empire into the Caucasus, only small holdings gradually remained from the vast Kumyk states, which finally lost their independence at the beginning of the 19th century.
The Kumyk Plain was also subjected to daring attacks from the mountains. For example, the Chechen leader Avko, having assembled a detachment in 1830 under the pretext of joining the war with the Russians, at the last moment announced his real intention to "recapture the herds from the Kumyks." What he did with success.
Since 1921, the Kumyks lived in the Dagestan ASSR. In 1944, the Kumyks turned out to be one of the deported Dagestan peoples. They were forcibly resettled to the villages of the Chechens exiled to Central Asia. The inhabitants of the villages of Tarki, Alburikent, Kyakhulai were deported to a new place. The deportation of the Kumyks has not been recognized at the state level to this day.
Kumyk youth with the national flag of this people
Participation in the press tour around Dagestan began with the horror stories of those who had never been there. The reality was exciting. Dangers, including from terrorists, are everywhere, but you can get such emotions from beauty, cuisine and hospitality only in unique regions of our planet.
Dagestan is one of them. No wonder he attracted and admired many writers, artists, poets. The republic ranks first in terms of the number of peoples and ethnic groups living in the region. People of any nationality, passing through this region, simply could not part with its beauty and stayed here forever.
Rasul Gamzatov wrote about Dagestan:
When I have traveled to many countries
Tired, returned home from the road,
Bending over me, Dagestan asked:
"Did you fall in love with a distant land?"
I climbed the mountain and from that height,
Sighing deeply, Dagestan replied:
“I've seen a lot of edges, but you
Still the most beloved in the world. "
Some of my friends, after my stories about the press tour to Dagestan, have already decided to give their loved ones trips there, others began to re-read information about the events of 20 years ago. That period not only changed the lives of many in Dagestan and beyond, but also showed once again that a multinational republic can quickly unite in a few hours and repulse any terrorist organizations, everyone who is trying to come to the territory of Russia with a war.
Dagestan is just an amazingly diverse republic. In a rather small area, there was a place for the warm Caspian Sea, majestic mountains, ancient mosques and temples, ancient villages, caves, waterfalls, rivers and lakes.
But no matter how beautiful Dagestan is with its canyons and fortresses, our main local brand is the Dagestanis themselves. Tourists first of all note the cordiality and hospitality of the mountaineers.
Dagestan is suitable both for an extremely economical vacation with practically no money, and for an extremely comfortable pastime. Here you can live in a guest house or a fashionable hotel, hitchhike or hire a guide in a private car, eat in restaurants or buy shawarma.
To travel around Dagestan, it is better to rent a car, especially if the tourists are traveling in a company. The rental price is from 1,500 rubles per day and more. But you can get around both by public transport and by taxi (but to the mountains by taxi is expensive).
If you live in comfortable conditions, then taking into account air tickets (a flight from Moscow and back in the summer costs about 15,000 rubles) and housing for 7 days in Dagestan will cost 60-70 thousand rubles for one. At the same time, you can rent comfortable rooms, go on excursions a lot and eat in good cafes.
Tourists who prefer to save as much as possible will spend no more than 20,000 rubles for a similar vacation for two - you can use hitchhiking, blablacar and couchsurfing. There are absolutely inexpensive hotels, and the food is not only very nutritious and delicious, but also inexpensive. In the mountains, most likely you will simply be invited to their home by the locals, where they will feed you and put you to sleep.
Do not be surprised at this point, but, unfortunately, not all residents of central Russia know that Dagestan has been part of the Russian Federation for 2 centuries. And almost every Dagestani has a funny story, how they demanded a passport at the airport. So you can plan your visit to Dagestan in the same way as you would have planned to go, for example, to Tula.
The selection of gifts in Dagestan is quite rich. Even if you are on a rather tight budget, it is not necessary to buy standard mugs and magnets - you can find something more interesting.
First of all, of course, these are Dagestan cognacs. For many years they have held the brand of Dagestan highly.
This is not an ordinary sightseeing tour, but a complete immersion in the local culture, acquaintance with the highlanders, their way of life, customs and outlook on life. Mountains inaccessible to many, the most mountainous villages in Russia, the unusual architecture of the Caucasus and the mysterious world of Dagestan - this journey will forever remain in your heart.
Summer, sun, alpine meadows, emerald mountain lakes, highest mountains, cozy rocky gorges, alpine waterfalls and serenely snowy mountain peaks in the Elbrus reserve. Travel for the benefit of body and soul.
The clean air of the Caucasus Mountains, natural eco-food and a team of like-minded people are the best way to reboot.
Tour participants will enjoy daily trekking along the powerful mountain ranges of Southern Dagestan, evening gatherings with local people, master classes in national cuisine!
During the tour, we will visit the Derbent fortress, Akhtynsk springs, Khryugsky forest, the villages of Gdym and Fitz, the highest mountain village of Russia Kurush and climb Mount Shalbuzdag.
There is nothing to think about - you have to go! 6 days of full immersion, sports, trekking and adventure are guaranteed!
The first day of the tour is full of top places in Dagestan. In the morning of the first day, we meet the group at the airport of Akhachkala and leave towards the Derbent fortress.