City-resort Pyatigorsk Official site

Mountains of the Stavropol Territory

HEALTH AND HEALTH TOURISM

The city of Pyatigorsk is extremely generously endowed with natural resources. A picturesque low-mountain landscape, an abundance of sunny days, clean transparent air filled with the aromas of mountain subalpine and steppe vegetation, a mild healthy climate, and finally, an abundance of various healing mineral waters have made him famous both in Russia and abroad.

Today Pyatigorsk has 20 varieties of natural balneological and drinking medicinal, medicinal table and table waters. At the Pyatigorsk resort, carbonic and sulphide waters are used, there is hydrogen sulphide waters. Radon waters are found within the KMW, but they are used as medicinal only in Pyatigorsk. The famous healing Tambukan mud is also used.

WALKING TOURISM

Pyatigorye is the most favorable for hiking, in relief it is represented by foothills (less than 400 meters above sea level), low mountains (400-1000 meters) and the lower belt of the middle mountains.

Within the boundaries of Pyatigorsk rises Mount Mashuk, from which a circular panorama of rare beauty opens up. On all sides, stand apart from each other laccolithic mountains, the highest of them is Mount Beshtau. On the horizon stretches the chain of the Main Caucasian ridge with the highest peaks of Europe - the Kazbek and Elbrus mountains. The unique landscape gives the city a special charm. Pyatigorsk is picturesque at any time of the year; the city is replete with monuments of nature, history and culture. This is a very "green" city, walks along the resort boulevard, park alleys, terrenkurs are a real pleasure. The highlights of the city are picturesque gazebos, observation platforms, cozy squares, drinking galleries and pump rooms, where tourists can relax and enjoy the resort atmosphere.

HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL TOURISM

Caucasian Mineral Waters and the city of Pyatigorsk have the richest historical and cultural potential. The city was given the status of a historical one. It has preserved beautiful architectural objects created by architects Bernardazzi, Charlemagne, Schreter, Upton, Voskresensky, Kuskov.

Many places in Pyatigorsk are inextricably linked with the name of M. Lermontov. The city keeps the memory of famous figures of Russian culture, who not only received treatment on the Waters, but also left vivid memories of their stay here.

The rich literary and historical heritage of the region is the basis for the development of educational tourism. Here Alexander Pushkin and Leo Tolstoy drew creative inspiration. For Fyodor Chaliapin, Antonina Nezhdanova, Leonid Sobinov, resorts were not only a stage - here the golden voices of Russia were improved under the influence of the healing power of mineral springs and the standard purity of the air.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL TOURISM

Attractive and close: historical and cultural tourism in the Perm region

General characteristics

The orographic drawing of the Stavropol Territory is unique, from a height it looks like a giant staircase, the steps of which descend in a northern direction from the Caucasus to the Ciscaucasian plain. Local mountains are relatively low, their peaks are accessible for visiting tourist groups. From the viewing platforms on their tops, magnificent pictures open up both towards the mountains and towards the flat part of the region.

Local legends and heroic tales, special stories and mythology are associated here with each individual mountain range. The name Pyatigorye became a characteristic name for the accumulation of high table peaks in this area. The highest mark in the Stavropol Territory was the city of Beshtau (1401 m), to the north there are long mountain ranges - gr. Stavropol, gr. Beshpagirskaya, gr. Prikalauskaya, gr. Gorklesskaya.

Geology and Tectonics

The Stavropol Territory is tectonically transitional from the Mediterranean geosynclinal belt (Caucasus) to the areas of the thick sedimentary cover of the young platform plate on the southern border of the Precambrian Russian platform. That is why the orographic pattern in this foothill area is very diverse. The main part of the region is occupied by the low Stavropol Upland, to the south turning into foothills dissected by river flows.

Local mountains were created by the most ancient processes of volcanism, when the strength of magmatic flows was insufficient. Then magma and hot volcanic ones only lifted the earth's crust and formed the so-called laccolithic mountains. Therefore, the local mountains have special domed peaks, which have undergone erosional processes over time. Where igneous rocks nevertheless came to the surface, lava froze on top of various and bizarre rock outcrops.

Climate

The territory of the Stavropol foothills is characterized by a variety of climatic conditions, related mainly to typical temperate continental. In winter, in January, in the mountains, the average temperature drops to -10 ° C, the absolute minimum to -28.3 ° C. Winters here are short and cool with periodic thaws; frosty and windy weather sets in when the Arctic air enters the territory. Thaws come with the arrival of warm tropical Mediterranean air.

Spring comes together, plants bloom in April-May. In summer in June, the average temperature rises to 22.3 ° C, with a maximum of 39.7 ° C. In June, there are heavy rains, therefore steppe foothill grasses grow well. Hot days are caused by the arrival of hot winds from Iran and Central Asia. The mild autumn lasts for a long time, in September it is clear, warm and sunny. By October, the weather becomes windy and rainy, trees and shrubs shed their foliage. Snow may already fall in November.

Hydrology

There are many river flows along the Stavropol foothills. The main ones are the large rivers Kuban and Kuma, the less full-flowing Podkumok and Malka, Kalaus and Zolka, Manych and Kura. The Kuban flows into the Stavropol Territory from Karachavo-Cherkessia, where it originates at an altitude of 1339 m in the Elbrus region at the confluence of the river. Ullukam and R. Uchkulan. The river flows with a relatively small slope of 1.53 m/km, receiving many tributaries. The deep river stream of the Kuban feeds on rainwater and snow, melting glaciers and groundwater, 106 species of fish are found here.

Also from Karachay-Cherkessia from the northern slope of the Rocky ridge flows into the territory of the Stavropol Territory the full-flowing Kuma ("sandy"), taking on the right Podkumok and Zolka, on the left Tomuzlovka, Sukhoy and Wet Karamyki. In the upper reaches it is a typical mountainous river with rapids, in the Stavropol region, in the foothills, it noticeably calms down. On the plain, it overflows and forms numerous meanders (eriks). A well-known lake reservoir in the Stavropol Territory is the lake. Tambukanskoe with the richest reserves of medicinal mud. There is also a part of the Manych-Gudilo salt lake reservoir.

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