Cities and resorts of Germany

Tourism in Germany

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Cities, resorts and regions of Germany on the map and alphabetically

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Germany is strongly associated with consistent quality in everything from car production to leisure. There are indeed a lot of opportunities for a wide variety of types of tourism. In Germany, the traveler will find cozy fairytale towns and castles, thermal springs and the seaside, ski slopes and vineyards. Impeccable service, great beer and rich treats await you everywhere.

German Baltics

The German Baltic is a great place to relax, there is a very beautiful coastline and a rather mild climate. Baltic resorts were popular back in the 18-19 centuries - the villas of the aristocrats, where hotels are now located, remind of this. The coast of the Baltic Sea is sandy, so people often come here to relax with children. The German Baltic region is popular for outdoor activities, from hiking along the coast to the famous regattas. There is also a wide range of health and medical procedures: curative mud, thalassotherapy.

The Wardemünde resort is famous for its thalassotherapy center, with a total area of ​​about 2400 sq. m.

One of Mecklenburg's resorts, Kuhlungsborn, is a true architectural gem, an example of a typical resort development of the past. The city's beach stretches for as much as 6 km, and the promenade with stunning views - more than 4 km.

The famous island of Rügen, on which the Slavic tribe Ruyan once lived, is the largest island in Germany, its area is approximately 1000 sq. km. The banks of Rügen are beautiful sandy beaches with fabulous views of the sea in the harsh Baltic.

In the town of Binz, villas built in the late 19th - early 20th centuries are of interest. Sellin is famous for its marina, which boasts an Art Nouveau house. There are several castles on the island, although they are not so ancient (dating back to the 19th century) - Ralsvik and Granits. There is also a beautiful Renaissance palace called Spiker.

Bavaria

Cities and resorts of Germany

There are many interesting historical sites in Germany, but none is more beautiful than the Black Forest, which has more than a thousand years of history.

History

In the distant past, the Black Forest was called the Abnob Mountains, and the Roman historian Tacitus characterized it only as a low foothill with a long rise to the top of the area. At that time, it was owned by the Roman Empire, which conquered this beautiful area in the Crusades, and called it the border forest.

Such a characteristic is given for a reason - the forest shared the possessions of the Roman rulers with the tribes of the Marcomans, who have settled here since ancient times. In Germany, the Black Forest was seized by the warlike Sevas, the ancestors of the modern Swabian and Alemannic peoples, who conquered their territories from the Romans.

As a result of excavations, archaeologists have found signs of mining operations taking place here - silver and lead ore, which subsequently ceased due to the plague raging in Europe in the early 16th century.

As a result of a terrible epidemic in the Black Forest, the population practically died out, but with the beginning of the 17th century, the birth rate recovered, and the people again took up the original mining of minerals in these lands.

Nature

The Black Forest (Germany) attracts tourists from all over the world with its fascinating nature:

  • tall dark pine trees;
  • picturesque flower lawns;
  • beautiful lakes;
  • bubbling waterfalls;
  • low mountain ranges.

A small foothill with picturesque mountain lakes stretches along the river Rhine from north to south, some of them have become sources of healing mineral waters, well-groomed coniferous and beech forests, clean crystal air.

Here are the world famous resorts: Baden-Baden and Baden-Weiler. In addition, the Danube, the second longest and deepest European river, originates from one of the mountain lakes.

The Black Forest is divided into 2 national protected parks - Ruhestein and Hoher Ochsenkopf, with a total length of about 10 hectares.

All cities and resorts in Germany for travel. List of the most famous regions, regions, cities and resorts in Germany: population, codes, distances, the best descriptions and reviews of tourists.

You can enjoy the splendor of the high and beautiful Alps not only in the ski resorts of Switzerland or Austria.

Germany is not considered a country of ski resorts, but it represents true German quality: hotel service and technical support for the slopes; quality restaurants and cafes on the territory of the resorts; a variety of slopes for different levels of training.

In addition, ski resorts in Germany are much cheaper than their neighboring Austrian and Swiss resorts, and this fact, given the identical quality, is an advantage.

The best resorts are located in the south of Bavaria. On this land, the three most remarkable resorts should be separately noted:

  • the alpine resort of Berchtesgaden, which is located near Salzburg;
  • Garmisch-Partenkirchen, which is 150 kilometers west of Berchtesgaden;
  • Oberstdorf, near Lake Bodensee, 75 kilometers from Garmisch.

The skiing period here begins in December and lasts until April.

Ski resort in Germany - Spitzingsee. Night skiing

Ski resorts in Germany on the map

In general, it is always possible to find accommodation in resorts in Germany. The following resorts are popular but easy to settle in.

However, if you want to choose a specific resort and relax there, it is advisable to pre-book a hotel or cottage.

Resort Rating

Garmisch-Partenkirchen

In order to get to this resort, you should use high-quality German tracks.

The Black Forest, or the Black Forest (Schwarzwald), is a natural massif in Germany that amazes every traveler with its pristine beauty.

The Black Forest is the same Black Forest where the heroes of the Brothers Grimm and Gough went for adventures. Even if they didn’t go, these fairy tales breathe the wonders of the Black Forest, as it remembers the terrible witches, fairy forest dwellers and gnomes.

Dense conifers covering the mountainous landscape, meadow valleys and preserved evidence of medieval architecture form an incomparable atmosphere, immersing every tourist in a wonderful and mysterious world, which is impossible to forget. The mild climate, fertile soils, a large number of vineyards and the mineral springs of the Black Forest create the ideal resort for everyone.

  • A little about history
  • The Black Forest today
  • The nature of the Black Forest: not gloomy at all
  • Popular tourist spots: resort rest and unity with nature
  • Active rest in the vastness of the Black Forest
  • Interesting facts

A little history

In ancient times, the Black Forest was called "Abnoba mons", later it was called "Marcius Forest" and "Raurin Mountains". The Romans, who owned the lands of the Black Forest until the 4th century, called it "Marciana Silva", which translates as "border forest", since it was in the Black Forest that the border with the lands of the ancient Germanic tribe of Macromania passed.

In the Middle Ages, the Black Forest was valuable for its natural deposits of valuable metals (silver, lead), which were mined for several centuries.

Black Forest Today

Along the valley of the Rhine River, from north to south, on the territory of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg is located the famous mountain forest range of Germany - the Black Forest. Its area reaches 11,000 square meters. m., while two-thirds of the Black Forest are low mountains covered with dense coniferous forests.

The North Black Forest, located in southwestern Germany, is famous for:

  • Nature Park Schwarzwald Mitte/Nord with the highest waterfalls in the country
  • Winery in Sasbachwalden
  • Mineral springs in Baden-Baden
  • Kneipp resort Freudenstadt.

The Southern Black Forest attracts tourists with healthy recreation and interesting places:

  • Historical area Markgräflerland
  • Nature Reserve Wutachschlucht
  • Resorts Freiburg im Breisgau, Bad Dürheim, Lenzkirch or Münstertal offering relaxation outdoors directly in the mountains.

According to the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Reports, Germany is ranked as one of the safest travel destinations in the world. Germany is the third most visited country in Europe, with 380.3 million overnight stays in 2010, the highest since the country's reunification. The number of overnight stays increased in comparison with 2009 by 3% [3]. In 2008, the number of overnight stays was 369.6 million [4] [5]. Of this number, 56.5 million overnight stays are accounted for by foreign guests, with the majority of foreign tourists arriving in 2009 from the Netherlands, the USA and Switzerland (see table). In 2010, the number of overnight stays of tourists from abroad increased by 10 percent compared to 2009 to 60.3 million [3].

Official tourism authority in Germany The German National Tourism Committee is represented by National Tourism Offices in 29 countries. The Committee's research showed the following reasons for recreation in Germany: culture (75%), outdoor/rural recreation (59%), cities (59%), cleanliness (47%), safety (41%), modernity (36 %), good hotels (35%), good cooking/cuisine (34%), good accessibility (30%), cosmopolitanism/telecommunications (27%), good shopping opportunities (21%), exciting nightlife (17%) and good value for money (10%) (multiple responses were possible).

More than 30% of Germans spend their holidays in their own country. With more than 133 million foreign tourists (2008) Germany is the seventh most visited in the world. A total of € 27.2 billion is spent annually on travel and tourism: equivalent to 3.2% of Germany's GDP.

Contents

History [edit]

The history of tourism in Germany is rooted in visits to cities and landscapes for learning and recreation. Since the late eighteenth century, cities such as Dresden, Munich, Weimar and Berlin have been major stops on the European Grand Tour. In particular, resorts in the North and Baltic Seas and in the Rhine Valley developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. After the end of World War II, tourism in Germany increased significantly as many tourists visited Germany to experience the spirit of European history. In the countryside, tourists seek a rural idyll, while cities are attracted by modern and classical architecture and cultural attractions.

Statistics [edit]

The table below shows the distribution of overnight stays for national and international tourists in Germany in 2008. Bavaria has the largest number of visitors with 76.91 million overnight stays in hotels and hostels (14,300 overnight stays per 1000 population); Mecklenburg-Vorpommern has the highest tourist density.

Countryside [edit]

Health tourism [edit]

About 242,000,000 overnight stays, or ⅔ of all overnight stays in Germany, are in resort towns. [6]. Germany is well known as a health tourism destination, with many of the spas originating from hot springs, offering treatment (German: Chur) or prophylaxis with mineral water and/or other spa treatments. Spas and seaside resorts often bear a corresponding name, such as mineral and mud spas (Mineral-und-Moorbäder), health resorts (Heilklimatische Kurorte), spa resorts (Kneippkurorte), seaside resorts (Seebäder), climate resorts (Luftkurorte), health resorts rest (Erholungsorte). The largest and most famous resorts also have casinos, primarily Bad Wiessee, Baden-Baden (Kurhaus), Wiesbaden (Kurhaus), Aachen, Travemünde and Westerland (Kurhaus).

Regions [edit]

Other popular regions include:

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