What is a mountain bike
Conventionally, all types of "mountain" bicycles are called MTB, that is, Mountain Bike, or mountain bike. In Russian, this type is called a mountain bike, MTB, and sometimes they just say "mountain bike".
There are several types of mountain bikes, but riding them all involves stress, fatigue, and sometimes adrenaline. Various gear shifters, damping devices, improved braking systems and other optional extras are designed to make it easier to navigate difficult terrain.
The better the shock absorption of the bike, the easier it is to ride on difficult terrain. There are the following types:
A full suspension is a bike that has shock absorption not only on the front fork, but on the rear of it.
Softtail and hardtail are two types of cushioning, but both are about the front fork.
Rigid is a completely rigid bike, with no cushioning. The least suitable option for mountain trips.
Downhill is a whole cycling discipline that includes downhill skiing, overcoming various obstacles, jumping over rocks, over logs, maneuvering among trees, and so on. Naturally, before going downhill on a downhill bike, you need to go up there on it.
Usually a downhill bike is very reliable and quite expensive, as the life of a cyclist sometimes depends on equipment. These are usually full suspension (that is, the seat is not connected by the frame to the rear wheel, but is instead damped), suspension with a large travel, and a reinforced front fork. Such a bike requires the most durable parts. Its weight is rarely less than 13-14 kg.
As a rule, a regular mountain bike is chosen for cycling. The standard equipment of such models includes a shock-absorbed front fork and a disc brake (braking special discs fixed on the wheel).
The tips for choosing here are quite standard: choose a model for your height, immediately assess how comfortable it is for you to sit and ride on it, tell the consultant what terrain and in what style you usually ride in order to choose a bike exactly For you.
When choosing a bike for a hike, you need to focus not on cost or even on a specific model, but on how suitable it is for riding long distances on various roads.
Features of hiking models:
Speaking of wheels, experts advise against choosing tires with rough treads for dirt and gravel. As a rule, most mountain bikes have these tires, but they will be uncomfortable to ride on a bike trip. Most of the path goes along paved roads, but on real off-road you still have to get off the bike and push it yourself.
The more powerful the tread, the worse it is to ride on asphalt. Also, dirt sticks to them, which is difficult to clean on the way. When buying a bike, you can ask to assemble it with less aggressive rubber (slick or semi-slick tires), or purchase it additionally.
The first thing a cyclist should take care of before a hike is to put together a good repair kit. If you are traveling in a group, it will be useful to bring the hiking repair kit to some general form: so that one set can fix most bicycles on the trip.
For asphalt, experienced riders prefer bicycles with a removable frame for increased speed. While many others will choose one that can be steered without tilting, i.e. the road version with a crossbar or mountain with tires without tread for flat surfaces.
If you have to overcome several different types of terrain and ground, then the thicker and more grippy the tires of a mountain bike, the easier the ride will be. They may seem overwhelming at other times, so be aware of the possibility of fitting your road bike with thicker rubber, such as 32mm or 37mm tread tires.
The gears of a typical road bike will keep up until they have to traverse unusually mountainous terrain, even if equipped with a fixed gear system. When on the way there are insurmountable slopes, it is better to take a closer look at a tourist or mountain bike.
Whichever option you prefer, you will have your things with you - in a backpack, a messenger bag or a transfer bag The latter, by the way, seem to be the most convenient, especially in case of long trips, so if you want to use them, choose a bike with the ability to install mounts in the rack.
Keep in mind that even in dry weather the road can be wet, so mud flaps are a great addition. If the bike does not have special mounts, use clip-on guards, although, of course, well-fitted full-size mudguards and mud guards do a much better job.
And by the way, if you are looking for where to buy a bike on the Internet, then look at the site
Let's take a closer look at the possible bike options.
Hybrid bikes combine the speed of narrow 70C wheels with upright riding like a mountain bike. The options available vary greatly. In this category, it is easy to find models with caliper or disc brakes, as well as options with struts and shields, or, conversely, lightweight, like racing bicycles.
If you need great speed on good roads, but prefer to sit upright rather than lie on the handlebars, this is the best option. The only major drawback of this model is its low aerodynamic performance and speed, like a racing bike.
Models created by analogy with the 29-inch mountain ones have appeared on the market recently. Thick 700C tires allow you to overcome most obstacles and provide good traction on water and track sections. Install mudguards if planning year-round trips.
8 minutes Posted by Mikhail Skvortsov 1309
Cycling is becoming more and more popular every year. The main reason is that the bike gives a unique feeling of freedom and unity with the outside world, which is impossible to experience when traveling by car or by train. When traveling by bike, you will have time to admire the picturesque landscapes along the way and can make stops when necessary.
The best choice for cycling is a dedicated touring bike. When developing these models, the requests and needs of cyclists are taken into account, so it can comfortably cover tens of kilometers a day.
Touring bike hallmarks:
Touring models are equipped with an extended frame, they have an increased wheelbase. This design lowers the center of gravity, provides improved maneuverability and allows for proper weight distribution.
The frame of the touring bike is made of steel specifically to make it easy to repair in the field. In the event of a breakdown, you can contact a roadside car service and weld the broken parts. This will not work with carbon and aluminum alloys, so frames made of these materials are not used for touring models.
A trunk and numerous attachments are needed to comfortably accommodate travel essentials. If the model is not equipped with a rear rack and there are no mounting holes on the frame, then it is better to refuse the purchase.
The seat bag will not replace the rear rack. The reason is in weight restrictions (no more than 15 kg) and on mounts. The touring bike is equipped with a "ram's horn" steering wheel. After the traditional steering wheel you need to get used to it, but in the future you can change the position of the hands so that the hands and wrists do not get tired.
Important! Rarely, but can be found on sale models with a straight steering wheel. If you plan to ride long distances and spend 8-10 hours in the saddle, it is recommended to use a ram bar. Otherwise, an extremely unpleasant "surprise" awaits you - numbness of the fingers with an extremely painful restoration of sensitivity.
On touring models, a multi-speed transmission is installed for comfortable movement on different surfaces and reinforced disc brakes.
Mountain biking is an exciting adventure, but it is important to be prepared for all unforeseen situations, so you need to think carefully about your trip.
The guarantee of safety on the way obliges to prepare people, equipment, transport, make a list of equipment for a mountain trip and find out all the information about the features of the terrain.
Before building the route, information is collected, and information about difficult-to-pass objects is found out. The route is planned so that after difficult passes and sections, halts for preventive inspection or repair of transport are possible. It is always good to calculate an additional route taking into account unforeseen situations (landslides, breaking of crossings, etc.).
Potential problems are taken into account when planning the route:
An important role in preliminary preparation is played by the selection of clothes, it can be windbreakers and T-shirts with reflectors. If there are no brightly colored clothes, then luminescent marks are sewn onto the back.
Long-sleeved gear should be preferred for mountain travel to reduce injury from falls or while walking narrow paths.
For those cases when you intend to wade through a mountain river, you should purchase rubber slippers (mountain rivers, as a rule, are not deep and slippers are quite enough for crossing).
A helmet is an obligatory means of protection in any area, and even more so in unfamiliar places. Every bike ride requires a bike ride, which is especially important for mountain passes.
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