One of the highest mountain lakes on our planet is located in the Lauca National Park, in northern Chile, 9 km from the border with Bolivia. Lake Chungara, Chile is equated to one of the wonders of the world, this stunning place in a remote corner of the country beckons with its mysterious beauty and special high mountain conditions
climate. Tourists who have visited the lake note that it is there, at an altitude of 4517 m above sea level, that you can fully experience the greatness of the Chilean Andes.
In the language of the Aymara Indians, the name "Chungara" means "moss on a stone", which testifies to the harsh climate of these places, where, in addition to moss and lichens, only a few species of plants grow. The lake is located in the mouth of an extinct volcano and is surrounded by several snow-capped peaks.
More than 8000 years ago, as a result of another powerful eruption of the Parinacota volcano, part of the crater was blocked by the ejection of magma. Over time, the depression filled with water, and a lake 33 m deep was formed.
Most days of the year, the lake has clear weather, providing ideal conditions for observing the surrounding nature and beautiful reliefs. The lake offers panoramic views of Parinacota and the volcanoes surrounding the lake. Lake Chungara is a must-see for all tours to Arica also because of its extraordinary flora and fauna. The most beautiful Chilean ducks and flamingos, various representatives of the camel family - alpacas, vicuñas and guanacos - are not shy and allow people to come close. In the waters of the lake, there are several species of catfish and carp, which can be seen only here. The wetlands surrounding the lake are full of life. In order to join this feast of life, you can stay overnight in one of the small houses prepared especially for guests, or pitch a tent by the water. For lovers of active recreation, climbing to the top of volcanoes and hiking in the surrounding area are organized.
All excursions to Lauca National Park, to Chungara Lake start from Arica - the center of the Arica-i-Parinacota region. You can get to Arica from Santiago or any other airport in the country within two to three hours. Further, the route will run west, towards the Andes mountain range. The cities closest to the lake are Parinacota (20 km), Putre (54 km). Fans of ecotourism are better off using car rental services.
Also, to see Lake Chungara, you can start your journey through the Luta valley and see the geoglyphs of the valley. Walk through the village of Poconchile, where you can see the church of St. Jerome, built in 1605 from limestone, with two spiers added later, and a colonial-era cemetery.
At an altitude of 2000 meters, there are "candelabra" cactuses that are typical of this area. At an altitude of 3000 meters, you can see the archaeological site of Pucara de Capaquilla (in Quechua: qupaqilla means "ash dust"), dating back to the 12th century, was declared a national monument of Chile in 1983. After that it is possible to see another archaeological site - the Zapayura dairy farm (in the Aymara language Jawira Zapa, which means "lonely river"), it was also declared a national monument in 1983. Enter and see the small town of Socoroma, its adobe church of San Francisco (32 sq.) Was built in 1560. Inside the church there is an altar made of adobe and stone, four images with silver crowns, a large number of frescoes on the walls and objects of ancient art - for example, an eagle made of wood used as a candlestick.
Going up to the lake, you can see a panoramic view of the provincial capital of Parinacota. Walk through the Lauca National Park, where a variety of animals and birds are found: llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, flamingos, coots, puma, Punu partridges, condors, etc.
From the shores of Lake Chungara, a magnificent landscape of the Parinakota volcano opens up - ideal conditions for relaxation and observation of the surrounding nature, combined with beautiful relief.
There are wetlands on the shore of the lake. Chungara has a unique and diverse fauna of over 130 native species, primarily flamingos and ducks. Its waters are home to catfish (Trichomycterus chungarensis) and carp (Orestias chungarensis), which are endemic to Lake Chungara.
The climate on the coast of the lake is a high-mountainous desert, with a large temperature difference per day: the average temperature during the day is 12-20 ° C and from plus 3 ° C to minus 25 ° C at night.
Chile is one of the most remote states from Europe, located in the southwest of South America, stretching out as a long narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes. This mysterious, distant and isolated country from the rest of the world offers its guests the widest range of tourist attractions.
Chile stretches 4,300 km from the northern border to the outskirts of the Strait of Magellan, with a maximum width of only 200 km and a minimum of 80 km. The largest neighbor of the state is Argentina, the border with which runs in the east. In the northeast, the country borders with Bolivia, and in the north with Peru. The area of only the continental part of the country is 755 776.4 km², and including the islands - 756 102.4 km². And if we take into account the part of Antarctica that the state claims, the area of Chile will be 2,006,354 km².
The population of Chile as of 2012 exceeded 16,634,000 people. The capital is the city of Santiago with a population of 6 490 248 people. The country's currency is the Chilean peso. On average, the exchange rate against the dollar is five hundred to one, that is, for 1 dollar they give about 500 pesos. However, it should be borne in mind that often Chileans remove zeros for simplicity, and instead of 500 pesos they can say 5, and instead of 1000 - 1. The official language is Spanish, and the main religion in the country is Catholicism.
Chile proudly bears the title of the most developed country on the South American continent, which has made a huge leap forward in its development and living standards over the past twenty years.
Tectonic processes have shaped this country, stretching for thousands of kilometers along the Pacific coast, for many millions of years, and they have not ended even now. This is due to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, as well as continental changes. For example, Easter Island approaches mainland Chile by one meter every year. In Central Chile, intense volcanic activity is the cause of geysers and thermal springs.
El Norte Grande - The Great North, covering Regions I and II, is the Atacama Plateau and Desert. Endless sands contrast with the rich flora and fauna of the oases, and the local beaches are famous all over the world. The high ridge of the Andes in the east is interrupted by snow-covered volcanoes, mostly extinguished or dormant, but still striking in their grandeur.
Variety of colors is a distinctive feature of the Small North (regions III and IV), no less impressive is the salt desert. Every 7-19 years, 80-160 mm of precipitation falls on the territories between Copiapo and La Serena, and then the desert landscape turns into a blooming garden.
The Mediterranean climate of the southern latitudes (30-40 °) creates wonderful conditions for the life of people and animals, for lush vegetation. Weeping willows and poplars border the meadows, sunflowers enliven the landscape with bright spots, and in the evening the mountains are covered with a purple curtain, and among the greenery the lights of old estates glow. Famous Chilean wines are produced here, cattle are raised; luxurious fruits ripen here and, accordingly, agriculture flourishes. And all economic and cultural roads intersect in Santiago. In the central valley there are volcanoes - mostly active to this day. And below their snow-capped caps, luxurious forests grow green.
Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego abound not so much in snow as in rain. Fjords spanning countless square kilometers provide a wealth of seafood. Mussels and oysters are grown here, salmon are raised. Chile is the world's largest exporter of salmon after Norway.
North Patagonia (Carretera-Australia road) strikes with a variety of landscapes: forests, fjords, glaciers, and pampas. And South Patagonia is primarily the Cordillera del Paine. Tierra del Fuego awakens imagination in any traveler, recalling those distant times when the aborigines burned fires here. The southern part of the island, mountainous and wooded, is passable only on the Argentine side.
Chiloe (Spanish Isla de Chiloe) is a picturesque island in the Pacific Ocean off the southern coast of Chile, located 1185 km from the capital Santiago and 90 km south-west of Puerto Montt (Spanish Puerto Montt ). The largest island in the Chilean archipelago, accounting for 91.4% of its territory, is separated from the mainland by the Chacao Strait (Spanish Canal de Chacao) and the Ancud bays (Spanish Golfo de Ancud) and Corcovado (Spanish Golfo Corcovado). The Chileans themselves officially call the island Isla Grande de Chiloe (Spanish Isla Grande De Chiloe).
The area of the island is 8.4 thousand km², the height above sea level is up to 820 m. In terms of area, Chiloe is the 2nd island in Chile (after Tierra del Fuego) and the 5th in the entire America.
The territory of the island is covered with evergreen mixed forests. Its landscape has remained virtually unchanged, since the island's territory is included in the Chiloe National Park and forms part of the country's cultural, historical and natural heritage.
The population is engaged in logging, fishing and collecting oysters.
This beautiful island stretches along the coast of Chile, its length from north to south is about 190 km, from west to east - about 60 km. Along the island, in its central part, there is a low mountain range.
The east coast is a hilly plain heavily indented by ancient glaciers. The west coast is a narrow strip along the ocean with a sharp rise as you move eastward.
Separated from the mainland of Chile by the Ancud and Corcovado bays in the east and the Chacao Strait in the north, the island is separated from the south by the Guafo Strait (Estrecho Guafo) from the mountainous Chonos archipelago (Archipiélago de los Chonos).
The climate on the island is temperate oceanic, cool and humid. The ocean in this area is cold all year round, as they are influenced by the Humboldt Current, the temperature of the waters around the island ranges from + 9 ° C to + 11 ° C.
The mountain range located in the middle of Chiloe clearly divides the island into eastern and western parts, it sheltered the coast from the winds and created an "inland sea" - the Corcovado Bay (Spanish Golfo Corcovado), which contains many small islets ... The mountains barely exceed 800 m in height, however, they have a noticeable effect on the climate of the island. In the western part it is more humid and windy, the air temperature ranges from +7.5 ° C in winter to + 13 ° C in summer. It rains a lot in winter. The mountains and the entire western part are covered with evergreen rain forests (Valdiv).
The eastern part of the island is characterized by a milder climate: here the wind is weaker, there is less rainfall. If the winter is cooler here than in the western part (+ 6.5 ° C), then the summer is slightly warmer (+ 14 ° C).
Who can come to Chile?
There are no restrictions on nationalities and countries for entry. Anyone can come to Chile.
Remember - the rules for entering and visiting specific regions and settlements in one region can change.
It is important that a doctor's referral is required in any clinic or laboratory to take a test in Chile. No tests are done at Santiago airport.
The first control that the passenger now undergoes is sanitary. At the counters and in the Control Sanitario windows, they check the documents: a declaration with a QR code, PCR and insurance, who needs it, measure the temperature. During the check, another confirmation is sent to the mail. At the airport, you can connect to the wi-fi network.
After that, a Self-Report questionnaire letter with 4 short questions is sent to the mail every day for 14 days (or the length of stay in the country): the presence of symptoms from the list, have you changed your address of stay, have you visited a doctor, whether the test was done (a question for residents who entered without a test). Like the declaration, it is in two languages to choose from - English and Spanish. Yes/no responses take 10 seconds. This is the very monitoring that the Chilean Ministry of Health (Minsal) spoke about. Initially, they wanted to make an application, but in the end they got by with such a mailing list, which is more convenient, in my opinion. They write that they can be fined for non-fulfillment of the report.
After arriving in Chile in the first week, I received a call once from the regional health service Seremi and asked the same questions from the questionnaire letter, went home once, called the intercom and asked all the same questions about the symptoms.
These are the new rules for entering Chile. In practice, the measures are simple, I checked.
The information is current as of the date of publication and is subject to change. Source link: Sernatur
Holidays in South America are not popular with tourists. Although our compatriots are increasingly buying tours to Chile, this is facilitated by the visa-free entry regime established for Russian citizens.
The state bordering Peru, Bolivia and Argentina is located in the southwest of the mainland. The territory resembles a long narrow strip stretching for 4 thousand kilometers between the Andes and the Pacific coast. The country is famous for its snowy resorts, where summer is the peak of the tourist season. From June to October, when Europe is skiing off-season, fans of this sport have a great time in Chile.
Connoisseurs of cultural and educational recreation will be able to see the remains of ancient civilizations, admire the beauty of pristine nature. Tourists with an active lifestyle will be happy to go surfing, trekking and mountaineering. Gourmets will be delighted to taste the local cuisine and enjoy the famous Chilean wines.
Unfortunately, tourists from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine do not have direct flights to this country, so they have to fly with transfers via Paris or Madrid. Iberia, Air France are the most popular international airlines operating passenger services in Chile, Santiago. The flight to the resorts takes more than 20 hours, so tickets are expensive.
Aircraft land at the main international airport named after Arturo Merino Benitez. For tourists from Russia, whose stay in Chile does not exceed three months, there is a visa-free regime. Other cities in the country can be reached from the Chilean capital by intercity buses, by ferry or by plane of the local airline LAN Chile.
Chilean health resorts are diverse, each tourist can choose a vacation spot in accordance with personal interests and preferences. Lovers of sunbathing most often go to Antofagasta, Arica, Viña del Mar or La Serena. These resorts are famous for their well-groomed beaches, luxury hotels, developed infrastructure, mild climate and first-class service.
Arica has an incredibly beautiful national park with mountain lakes and volcanoes. And in La Serena, you can admire the monuments of colonial architecture and visit private wineries.
Those who dream of escaping from the hustle and bustle of civilization should visit the Patagonia resort, where the corners of pristine nature have been preserved. Hikers will see fjords, canyons and glaciers. You can enjoy the long-awaited seclusion on Easter Island, which has long become the country's trademark. Ancient mystical statues of Moai of unknown origin make tourists freeze with delight.
Alpine skiing fans gather in Portillo. The old resort is famous for its excellent pistes, sunny weather, a cozy 600-bed hotel and quality service. Those who wish to get acquainted with the sights should visit the Chilean capital. Santiago is considered the most popular excursion resort. And shopping lovers should definitely go to Punta Arenas, where in the free economic zone of Chile, "Zona Franca", you can buy goods of world brands without extra charges.
Sights of the Chilean state
Travel portal | Travel Guides | Book excursions Online Online guides around the world. Photo, description, useful information Features of rest in Greece First of all, excellent