Safety in a hike in the mountains of Crimea requires a separate conversation, we all love hiking in Crimea, but we often forget about simple and logical things, when, not following the rules of safety and behavior, we can put ourselves in danger. There are many mountain ranges, gorges and canyons on the peninsula. Always when walking, you need to remember about the safety of both yourself and a group of friends.
The main danger of such hikes is, of course, the human factor, but, of course, rock falls and landslides are not uncommon in the mountains, as well as landslides - more often in bad, rainy weather or in off-season. Caves and sinkholes are mostly found on yayls. The last of them are not often encountered by an ordinary tourist, and using a simple rule - "Don't get in - kill" you can protect yourself from such problems.
I myself not so long ago encountered a rockfall while hiking along a large canyon, it was he who made me look more carefully and think about what safety is in the campaign, delve into literature. And now I can say that rockfalls in the gorges, canyons and mountains of Crimea take place and represent a very real threat. The Grand Canyon of Crimea is a tourist route, at the end of July it rained for a long time, and the soil in the mountains was eroded, which contributed to the falling of stones.
I and a group of tourists, on an excursion across the Crimea, stopped near the "Bath of Youth", passing through the top of the canyon and going down to the "Blue Lake", the weather was already sunny. Approaching the bathtub, we put our backpacks on the left side of the canyon, it was about 9 o'clock in the morning and there were no tourists yet. After all, less than an hour later, there were more than 50 people in this place. A collapse in a gorge with so many people could cause significant injuries, spread panic and end up tragically. There were only four of us, and there were three of us near the collapse, including me.
As soon as we heard the sound of flying stones, we immediately rushed to get away from the vector of the fall to the side as much as possible, the collapse was accompanied by a strong roar and at the end a specific smell of stones hitting each other. As a result, the landslide passed us five meters away, we were lucky that the stones did not fly into fragments and that during the collision they did not change their direction, everything swept along the same channel. The last to arrive was a healthy cobblestone the size of a boar, falling down next to the booth with the description. For us, everything ended quite safely and happily, they took fragments from the stone as a keepsake, and he himself was given the name "The Stone of Destiny". This story for me became another step in order to think as much as possible about the rules of behavior in the mountains.
What I learned for myself - If you need a rockfall in the gorge: Move as far as possible from the direction of flight of stones and hide behind trees or boulders in case of a change in the trajectory or fragments before the end of the rockfall.
In the case when it is impossible to leave - hide and snuggle to the ground or behind the trees, cover your head with your hands. Do not panic and with a cool head try to think about the safety of yourself and the group. This is a natural hazard, but as I wrote above, it does not occur so often, but the danger of the human factor is much more frequent. Every year in Crimea tourists die or receive injuries of varying severity. Why this happens is mainly due to lack of information and failure to comply with basic safety rules.
Often, on an excursion around Crimea or on a hike, you can find cases of throwing stones into an abyss or below yourself from a path or rocks. Basically, children indulge in this, simply not knowing about the possible dangers, but sometimes I see that adults also want to throw stones, justifying this by the fact that there is no one there, although everything is closed by the forest and the paths are not visible. Such cases should be quickly stopped, and before going out on the trail or route, all participants should be educated about the seriousness and potential danger of such actions.
The probability of throwing a stone from the upper path of the passing group on the heads of the people below is quite high, there are many such places in the Crimea, somewhere there are different paths, and somewhere they go with the letter Z, look under your feet, the danger can be prevented from the very beginning the collapse just by holding back the stone, which has not yet gained potential and speed. In the modern world, it seems to me that a person himself is a great danger to himself. I have been going on hikes and excursions in Crimea for a long time, and I meet different people, and if you do not take into account any third-party threat, then the danger is, strangely enough, people with a low sense of fear, highly confident, risky.
When going on a hike, camping, campground or other similar type of outdoor recreation, it is especially important to follow safety rules. They need to be remembered, even if no extreme activities are planned: far from civilization, any carelessness can be very expensive. AiF tells about how to prepare for the rest and what should not be forgotten. u.
It all depends on what kind of rest the tent is purchased for. If a tourist travels by car and stops at a camping, then a camping tent is suitable - it is high (in the height of a person) and there is a lot of space in it, you can accommodate a large number of people. But such a tent is quite heavy and voluminous, so it is definitely not suitable for hiking. For short hikes, hikes or bike trails, experts advise choosing a trekking tent, which is lightweight and easy to transport. For hiking in the mountains, an assault (or alpine tent) is suitable, designed for difficult routes and long transitions - light, strong and well protected from strong winds.
Tents, depending on the design, are divided into one- and two-layer. A single layer tent is made from a waterproof awning and is lighter than a two layer tent. But in humid weather, condensation forms on its walls, and if the tent is not ventilated, then all things will be wet in the morning. A two-layer tent consists of a waterproof awning and a lightweight inner layer, with a gap of about 10-15 centimeters between them. Due to this, condensation does not accumulate in the tent, and it protects more reliably from rain. Double-layer tents also have a vestibule, where it is convenient to put shoes, backpacks and things.
As for the fabric, as a rule, two types of materials are used in the production of tents: polyamide and polyester. The former are affordable, but they can get wet and tear quickly. The latter are more expensive, but stronger. In case of rainy weather, it is better to choose a tent marked with PU (this means that the fabric is impregnated with polyurethane and moisture resistant) or SI (with silicone impregnation, also moisture resistant).
Any tent can catch fire if improperly handled. According to fire safety expert Alexander Starostin, tourist tents are not certified for the degree of flammability and all are fire hazardous.
“A tent is a piece of fabric stretched over a frame, you need to understand that it is impossible to make the fabric non-flammable, unless it is a special aramid fiber. Such fiber is very expensive, so all tents are made of synthetic fabric, and synthetics are always on fire, ”says Starostin. He adds: so that the tent does not accidentally catch fire, it must necessarily stand at a distance greater than the spread of the sparks of the fire.
According to the Federal Forestry Agency, in 2018, 3.2 million hectares of forest burned down in Russia. Ecologists say the numbers are much higher - up to 7.4 million hectares. One of the main causes of wildfires is human misconduct.
“The fire must not be left unattended. After they have stopped using it, the fire must be extinguished and the coals must be buried. Open fires must not be used inside tents. Firstly, because there is a threat of transfer of fire, and secondly, there is a risk of poisoning by combustion products, ”says Alexander Starostin.
Hiking in the mountains is always an adventure. A trained tourist knows how beautiful sunrises and sunsets are in nature, how to make coffee on the bank of a mountain river and get the most out of the hike. And an unprepared tourist can expect unpleasant surprises. An experienced organizer of tourist routes, head of the Mountain Trolls club Mikhail Buvaltsev told the AiF in Kuzbass correspondent what surprises a newcomer should be ready for, how to behave if he fell behind the group, and what to do if he met a wild animal along the way.
- Both a group and a single trip must be registered with the Ministry of Emergencies. First, it is psychologically safer that someone knows where you are. Secondly, in the event of an unforeseen situation, rescuers will be able to quickly find you on the specified route and provide assistance. Organization of safety is perhaps the most important thing, which is why we always register our trip. You need to understand that anything can happen in the mountains. The main problem is communication. It is good to have a satellite phone, but it is expensive. Therefore, you need to understand: until you reach the connection point, it can take a long time.
Most often we cope on our own, there were no serious accidents in our campaigns. But once they resorted to the help of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. We passed a double pass, the whole group left to the right, and one young man turned left. They could not catch up with him, so they called rescuers. The boy turned out to be sensible, got his bearings and went out parallel to the route to the base of the Ministry of Emergencies. But, of course, I made a mistake in going forward. In such situations, you need to either stay in place, or turn back. In this case, we would have found him immediately, because the group is always trying to catch up with the straggler.
Another tip: if you are behind the group, give some signals. For example, light a fire to make it easier to see you from afar through the smoke and fire.
- If you are smart, you can go on any journey. Now there are not so many blank spots on the maps. It's just that somewhere tourists go constantly, and somewhere they haven't been since the days of geological exploration. So, you need to start your journey as an amateur tourist from the well-known areas. Because in the second case, although there are reports and maps, they are old and not always accurate. And if something happens, then they are unlikely to find you quickly.
It is convenient to go hiking as part of an organized group, then the work on the study of the route falls on the shoulders of the leader. A steep and interesting route in our team is developed in detail for several weeks, and complex structures can take six months.
- You need to physically prepare for any trip. The more difficult the route, the higher your endurance should be. A universal means of training is running, but not for speed, but for duration. Exercises in the gym will be helpful. Any physical activity in general is beneficial. You must have basic survival skills: at least be able to put up a tent and make a fire. You have to understand that the tree that grows in the forest is not firewood yet.