Backpacking in Crimea: hiking routes for beginners

Excursions in Crimea

For those who are going on a hike for the first time, one-day hiking trails (so-called one-day hikes) are suitable. As a rule, this is an ascent to the peaks of the Crimean mountains. The most popular of these routes is the conquest of Mount Demerzhdi. This easy hike lasts 5-6 hours and is quite suitable for beginners. The route can be laid through the mountain river Demerzhdi, the ruins of the ancient fortress Funa, the Valley of Ghosts. At the end of the path, an ascent to the southern peak of Demerdzhi awaits, from where a picturesque view of Alushta, Novy Svet, Ayu-Dag, Chatyr-Dag, Babugan mountains opens.

No less interesting for a beginner tourist will be a hike to the Chatyr-Dag mountain. On the way, you can visit one of the most ancient caves, freshen up with a sip of spring water and relax on the Bukovaya glade, admire the huge ridges of the Crimean rocks. The highest peak of Chatyr-Dag is called Eklizi-Burun. Its height is 1527 meters above sea level.

For beginners, there are also multi-day hiking trails in Crimea. The route "Romance of Cave Cities" is designed for 6 days. It is considered one of the easiest, since the distances and heights covered by tourists are very small. Heavy backpacks and tents are not needed during the hike, as there are shops along the way, where you can buy food as needed, and there are also equipped places for overnight stays.

On the way there is Chufut-Kale - the ruins of the ancient city of the Karaites, which arose in the 5th-6th centuries, and the residence of the first khan of the independent Crimea. Household premises, equipped by residents in caves, two kenassas (temples), estates have been preserved here.

Further, tourists can visit the Khan's Palace in Bakhchisarai. Numerous halls of the palace and outbuildings reflect the life and life of the Crimean khans. In the Hall of the Divan, meetings of the State Council were held: the king stood on a throne, advisers were located on either side of him on low sofas and benches. Palace Square, a fountain courtyard, an embankment with three bridges, a Falcon Tower, a harem, tombs, a library, a stable - all this is part of the palace ensemble.

The next points of the trip are the Karaim cemetery with 10,000 gravestones, the Kachi-Kalion cave monastery, Alimova gully and the Syuiren fortress, surrounded by sheer cliffs.

Another route for beginners is "Strictly to the West". It is designed for 9 days and offers tourists many interesting objects. First, you will walk about ten kilometers along the Roman military road, popularly called the "Path of the Legionnaires", and ascend the Shaitan-Merdven - the Devil's Staircase. This gorge with huge slab steps will add a little extreme to the trip. Once in the Foros Church, you seem to find yourself in the royal mansions of the 18th century: Byzantine style, stained glass windows, mosaic floors, marble window sills, carved oak iconostasis.

The cave city of Eski Kermen is the most famous in Crimea. At one time it was a fortress with four entrances, casemates, towers, residential quarters. Some objects of the city have been preserved: a siege well, ruins of casemates, a cave church.

The Baydarskiye Vorota Pass, Laspi Bay, Turkish Glade are uniquely beautiful places in Crimea.

The classic Crimean route - "To the Valley of Ghosts". There are many options for its passage, and depending on the experience and wishes of the tourist group, the guide will select the most suitable option. The most popular route of medium difficulty, designed for people with little experience of hiking, starts from the Chatyr-Dag mountain. After wandering along the upper plateau, reaching its highest point, Angar-Burun (1453 meters above sea level), you are approaching the goal of the hike - the Valley of Ghosts. The boulders resemble figures of people, animals, and fairy-tale characters. The Valley of Ghosts is a miraculous miracle created by nature.

Further along the route - the Demerzhdi mountain range, many places of which will seem familiar: scenes from the film "Prisoner of the Caucasus" were filmed here. The Dzhur-Dzhur waterfall is rightfully considered the most beautiful and full-flowing in Crimea. Upstream of the river in the spring, you can see several dozen more small waterfalls and cascades.

The route "Grand Canyon - Ai-Petri" is designed for 3 days and is recommended for tourists who already have little experience, because on the way there will be large differences in altitude and overnight in tents.

The Grand Canyon is the largest in Ukraine. Its depth is more than 300 meters, the length is 3.5 kilometers. It is a huge depression with piles of boulders and boulders at the bottom, with small waterfalls, numerous streams. Depending on the season (in spring the canyon turns into a mountain river, which dries up in summer), the route runs either along the bottom of the gorge or along its slopes.


The tourism portal of the Republic of Kazakhstan continues to maintain a section dedicated to the possibilities of year-round health improvement on the peninsula. And experts-balneologists, doctors, specialists in various fields help us in this.

And today we want to talk about such a useful and pleasant phenomenon for the cool season as terrenkur, that is, hiking along mountain paths. By the way, terrenkur is one of the main methods of treatment in climatotherapy. And, in turn, landscape therapy has long been recognized as the most effective way to restore human strength.

Popular Crimean trails for terrenkur

Most of the popular trails are located on the South coast (although, of course, you can practice terrenkur all over the Crimea). They all have different lengths and degrees of difficulty. Therefore, when planning such a walk, consider your physical fitness. Of course, you will need comfortable shoes, enough drinking water, and a pedometer to track steps on your smartphone or fitness bracelet.

Botkin Trail

Named after the doctor Sergei Botkin, who appreciated the healing properties of the nature of the South Coast. The trail starts in Yalta, runs along the left side of the Uchan-Su river valley to the Stavri-Kaya rock. It rises through the Crimean pine forests growing on the slopes of the Yalta amphitheater, and leads to the Ai-Dimitriy stream. Further you can see the Yauzlar waterfall. The most difficult part of the way to the almost 700-meter Stavri-Kaya lies from the bridge over the waterfall. Two more paths converge to the top of this rock - Shtangeevskaya and Stavrikayskaya.

Taraktash trail

Passes from the Uchan-Su waterfall (observation deck of the Eagle Zalet rock) to the Yalta Yaila. It was built in the 19th century by members of the Yalta Mountain Club under the guidance of the famous climatologist Vladimir Dmitriev. The Taraktash trail goes first through an oak forest, then through a pine forest. Further - past the Taraktash rock of bizarre shapes and outlines created as a result of weathering. And you can also admire beautiful views: here Yalta is in full view, the spurs of the Pendikul mountain, the Silver gazebo.

The Tsar's (Sunshine) Trail

The itinerary involves children of all ages, but please note:

  • We will walk light, and between parking lots we will move on a registered minibus. You will hardly have to wear things, BUT:
  • Your child should be able to walk a lot and well, or you should be ready to carry it.
  • We will walk about 10 km a day. If you are planning to go on a hike with a child under 4 years old, then expect to have to carry it. Think about what you will wear your baby on the route (sling/ergonomic backpack/etc.).
  • If your child is under 5 years old, we strongly recommend that you read this article.
  • The route goes along mountain paths and paths. There are roots, stones, trees and other obstacles, and sometimes there will be steep ascents and descents.
  • Most campsites will only have a spring or river from their water sources. In the middle of the hike, there will be a parking lot with a hot shower.
  • We will cook in turns, helping each other. Meals are ordinary camp meals (see the section "questions about nutrition" here), but since we will have children, instead of soup bags, etc., we will take healthy products (fruits, vegetables). If you or your child have any allergies, you must inform the coordinator before starting the hike.
  • We will all be engaged in the arrangement of the camp (collecting firewood, hanging an awning, etc.) together.
  • You will need to bring the tents yourself (from St. Petersburg).
  • You should remember about the need for protection from the sun: it is imperative to use protective creams, wear light clothing that covers the whole body, constantly wear a light-colored headdress.
  • If you are going to fly by plane, remember that a child from 2 years old needs a separate ticket (almost full price).
  • All responsibility for you and your child rests solely with you.

Daily program


We arrive at the first parking lot near Bakhchisarai. We are engaged in the arrangement of the camp, get acquainted and play. Today is an organizational day.


We wake up with the first rays of the sun and meet a magnificent sunrise in the mountains. We will have breakfast and set off towards adventure: today we will get acquainted with two amazing local sights.

The first is the cave Holy Dormition Monastery nestled in the crevasse of a giant rock. Its snow-white buildings are carved directly from the mountain range, and most of the monastery's premises are located in the mountain depths. Higher up the slope, there is an even more mysterious place - the ancient cave city of Chufut-Kale. The mountain, like a honeycomb, is dotted with a complex system of man-made caves and grottoes, different in shape, volume and purpose. The first settlements appeared here almost two thousand years ago - so it is difficult to even imagine what secrets these passages, leading to the depths of the foothills, hide. Here you can climb to your heart's content, satisfying the curiosity of young researchers, as well as learn a lot from the history of these places and the life of people in different eras. In addition, it offers a beautiful view of the valley surrounded by mountains and surrounding settlements.


We wake up, do some exercises and get on the bus: we have to move to Eski-Kermen. We will explore the cave city itself tomorrow, but today we need to gain strength and frolic: there will be a swimming pool and a mini-zoo in the campsite where we will stay! You can swim in warm water and get to know the local fauna better.


Today we will go on an excursion to the Chelter-Koba cave monastery. This is a very small, but very ancient monastery, where monks lead their unhurried lifestyle to this day. There is an amazing temple, located in a natural cave, with an altar carved out of stone, niches for shrines and benches, and an underground holy spring gushing in the depths of the world's largest grotto.

Today we will explore the cave city of Eski-Kermen. In the Middle Ages, it was a large craft and trade center, like all ancient cities, beautifully fortified. Now it is a giant ruin that goes underground in an intricate network of caves. Narrow medieval streets, passages and even churches were carved right into the rock, and long staircases and tunnels lead to an underground lake, from where people took water during the siege. You can wander around the abandoned city for hours, feeling like a real archaeologist!

Here we will tell you about the tourist trails of the Crimea, which you should definitely visit while traveling about the peninsula. Summer is the best time to travel, and Crimea is a great place to go on an educational and health-improving walk. To the delight of the guests of the peninsula who love hiking and the locals who support the ideas of active recreation, there are more than enough picturesque, interesting and, at the same time, relatively easy routes to pass in Crimea.

All of them are represented by popular hiking trails, laid and equipped at different times. We have already talked about a number of Crimean paths before:

It's time to continue and complete the narration on this topic.

Taraktash trail to Ai-Petri

We have repeatedly witnessed toponymic duplication in Crimea, which is described in detail in this material. There are several Ishach paths on the peninsula, almost a dozen “sharp rocks” - Syuryu-Kaya (Turkic), many “bird” (or Kush-Kaya) rocks. The same picture is observed with the toponym "Taraktash", which translates as "stone comb". The rock formations of the same name can be found in two parts of the Crimea that are quite distant from each other.

One of the stone ridges guards the entrance to the Sudak Valley, towering like a gray bulk over the small village of Dachnoe (until 1945 - Tarak Tash). The second lurked on the slope of the Ai-Petrinsky massif, being a movable part of the yayla itself. To some extent, it can be called an outlier.

The Taraktash trail is laid past this picturesque rock formation, with its structure reminiscent of a layer cake. Today it is one of the shortest walking routes to the Ai-Petrinskaya yayla. But he is also the most “hard-working” one. If you are an unprepared traveler and are not sure of the level of your endurance, it is more expedient to descend the Mount of St. Peter along this path than to storm it. The total difference in altitude on the trail is up to 600 meters, which is a lot for beginners. In addition, the lion's share of the entire route is made up of very steep ascents and talus areas, where you need to be extremely careful.

Despite the difficulty in overcoming, the Taraktash trail was equipped in the 19th century as a classic terrenkur (a specially laid route for therapeutic walking). The initiators of the creation of such routes were the members of the Crimean Mountain Club, who paid great attention not only to the introduction of innovative methods of spa treatment at that time, but also to the popularization of hiking on the peninsula.

In the same period, other famous Crimean terrainkurs were laid - Botkin, Stavrikayskaya, Shtangeevskaya trails of the Crimea. By the way, starting the ascent to Taraktash, the first few kilometers you will move along the Shtangeevskaya trail.

The Taraktash trail starts from the observation deck of the Eagle Zalot rock, built over one of the ledges of the Uchan-Su waterfall. The first long section of the ascent ends at a captive spring of 1904 - this is one of the water intakes that once supplied Yalta with drinking water.

From the source the trail climbs higher and higher until it leads to the dominant of the route - the very stone ridge that gave its name to the entire trail.

Being careful, you can climb a layered cliff and take a few shots in a natural stone "window". The stone wall, reaching 30 meters in height, resembles a fortress and looks very impressive.

Here it is worth taking a breath before the next "march", which will lead you to the Ai-Petri plateau itself.

There are many ways to see the world. You can buy a ticket to a round-the-world cruise, you can go on a hitchhiking trip, or even, like the famous Fyodor Konyukhov, go around the globe in a rowboat. Or you can go to Crimea. Here, on a small piece of land, almost all terrestrial landscapes are concentrated: mountains and steppes, seas and semi-deserts, waterfalls and caves, active volcanoes and fantastic lakes with pink water. There are also historical monuments for every taste: medieval fortresses, antique ruins, megaliths of the Stone Age, sites of primitive people with cave paintings, it is not known by whom and when the cave cities built, magnificent palaces and Gothic castles, war memorials and monuments to great people, ancient monasteries and slender minarets. And how many museums, reserves, dolphinariums, aquariums, parks and zoos are there.

Excursions in Crimea in 2021 are held in any season. In every resort town, it is easy to find points of sale for tours for every taste.

The best routes in Crimea

Southshore Palaces

A smaller copy of the Mediterranean Riviera - the southern coast of Crimea, which is why these places have always been a favorite vacation spot for the Russian aristocracy for hundreds of years. Each of the mighty of this world built a Crimean residence for himself in accordance with his taste, financial capabilities and desire to surpass his neighbors. There are so many palaces here that it is difficult to see them all at once. That is why tour agencies offer different sets of objects. Each tour will definitely include such famous palaces:

Further options are possible: Massandra Palace, which belonged to Alexander III, "Dyulber" - the estate of Grand Duke Peter Romanov, the palace of the Emir of Bukhara and others.

The tour starts as the group is formed, a bus is provided for movement.

Duration: 6-7 hours. excursion cost: from 1000 rubles. per person, entrance tickets are usually paid separately.

Legendary Sevastopol

Sevastopol is a city-museum, a city-holiday, a city-monument. It is absolutely unrealistic to visit all of its attractions in one day, so you either have to choose the tour that is most interesting to you, or buy several excursions at once, stretching the pleasure of exploring the city for several days.

Of the most significant objects worth seeing in Sevastopol, let's name:

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