Water tourism is a sports discipline and active recreation, which consists in passing a variety of routes on the water. Traveling reservoirs can be rivers, seas, lakes, and reservoirs, and the flotation devices used for the application vary widely. Water trips are gaining popularity as a type of family vacation. There is also a competitive component - tournaments are held in some types of rafting. They develop teamwork skills, strength, endurance, discipline and self-control.
Unsportsmanlike walks on rivers or seas can be carried out on motor ships or liners. Water tourism is diverse in terms of routes and their duration. You can make one-day rafting along the nearest rivulet in your area or go to the mountains, where you struggle with the current and rapids for several days or even weeks.
The first group is intended for amateurs and is less difficult and more secure. Category hikes are intended for sports competitions and for obtaining qualifying categories. There are 6 categories of difficulty in total, of which 4-6 are intended only for well-trained athletes.
The level of difficulty is set by the commission. She travels to the areas of the reservoir where the competition is planned to be held and assesses the number of obstacles and the difficulty of overcoming them. If the water obstacles are natural, the category of the route may change as natural factors change.
Before drawing up a route for rafting on the reservoir, it is necessary to collect data on the terrain, landscape, climate in the area, as well as on the reservoir itself - its especially difficult areas, places that can be used for a halt. The information received is systematized and presented in the form of a document in the established form to the Tourism Federation along with the planned trip schedule. The schedule is mandatory: the group must be at the specified point exactly at the time that is set by the schedule.
In addition, the rules of water tourism establish that the group must report its location to the organizers of the trip and the qualification commission within the agreed time frame. This is done for safety reasons - failure to provide a report is regarded as a signal of trouble on the way. The date and place of the team's contact are marked on the route map.
Another document drawn up when organizing a trip is an income and expense estimate. It reflects all expenses for transport, food, purchase (rent) of group equipment. The purchase of personal equipment of the participants is not included in the estimate.
Routes for families and amateurs are made by the participants themselves, taking into account their imagination and level of preparedness. As far as sports waterways are concerned, they must meet the established technical requirements and be qualified in terms of difficulty.
In our country, water tourism is considered national. It began its development in the era of the USSR, after the Second World War. The peak of popularity came in the 1960s - tourists were exploring the Soviet reservoirs, in which there is no shortage on the territory of the country. For a long time, the frame kayak "Taimen" was used as a floating craft. The development of tourism was associated with the emergence of the bard movement - the songs of many talented bards are still known.
In the 1970s. Sergey Papush designed a catamaran. With its help, from now on it was possible to overcome the most difficult routes inaccessible to kayaks. Over time, the original design of the catamaran has been improved, and today it is the most popular means of travel by water.
Swimming aids used abroad, such as rafts and kayaks, appeared in Russia later. The kayak took root faster, because until then we did not have single-seat boats that allowed an athlete to raft alone on difficult areas. But the analogue of the raft was the catamaran loved by everyone. Therefore, for a long time rafts were used only in competitions.
After the collapse of the USSR, water tourism lost state support. In this regard, the activity in this area was suspended: sports sections were closed, hiking was stopped. Some athletes have learned how to make watercraft with their own hands, modifying and complementing their design. After the crisis, the development of water trips resumed. New equipment came from abroad, exchange of experience with colleagues from other countries became possible.
Water tourism is one of the types of sports tourism, which consists in the fact that the route to be overcome runs along the water surface. Moreover, depending on the linden of this surface, water tourism can be river, sea, lake, etc.
The surface of rivers, lakes and seas has long attracted people. In the Middle Ages, there was no profession more romantic than the profession of a sailor. And how many famous travelers and discoverers of new lands, who set off on distant voyages along the seas, rivers and oceans, gave us that time. Unfortunately, in our time, the profession of a sailor is no longer so in demand, ships have become smaller, and the number of sailors required to service them has decreased significantly. And it has become faster and more convenient to travel by trains, cars and airplanes.
Apparently, in order to make up for the lack of swimming on water, people came up with water tourism. Let's talk about it in more detail.
The most popular and affordable type of water tourism. Depending on the chosen vehicle, there is rafting, kayaking, kayaking and rafting.
Rafting on a mountain river. Photo - Wikipedia
The most attractive and accessible type of water tourism today. It is carried out on special inflatable boats - rafts. It is organized on any mountain rivers with rapids, rapids and other natural obstacles that make the rafting more attractive.
A big plus of rafting in the absence of the need for special training, just the presence of a professional instructor in the boat. Rafting is offered at many popular tourist resorts in Russia and Europe - to participate in rafting, you can go to the Caucasus, the Urals or fly to Dubai, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia or Turkey.
Rafting competitions are also organized, in which both professional athletes and novice rafters can take part. To divide them into groups depending on rafting skills, there is a special classification system for waterways, from 1 to 6.
Kayaking tourism was popular in our country back in Soviet times, travelers with huge backpacks in which boats, oars and other camping utensils were placed, got on the trains, then walked along forest trails, so that at the end on this difficult path, enjoy several hours of rafting along the flat rivers of Central Russia. Many fans of this type of water tourism go kayaking today.
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