Such a process as acclimatization makes people experience unpleasant painful sensations due to a sharp change in geographical conditions. Often it becomes the cause of spoiled rest, so it is important to know the methods of its prevention.
The acclimatization process has several stages. There are usually four of them:
It is important to understand that each case is individual and depends not only on external conditions, but also on the state of health of the tourist.
During this time, he can go through 2 stages of the process:
Acclimatization in hot climates is the most difficult, especially if it is in tropical forests or deserts. And, of course, young children, the elderly and people with serious chronic diseases are at risk.
At first glance, signs of habituation to new environmental conditions can be confused with poisoning or the usual ARVI. Possible symptoms of acclimatization include:
Author: Guide Zilla I have come to Turkey not for the first time, I have studied dozens of places on my own and as part of excursions. My dream is to live here for at least a year or two.
A dastardly body needs a week or two to acclimatize. But what if that is how long the vacation lasts? Don't worry, we'll show you how to cope with this scourge.
No matter how hard scientists try, the human body can still surprise. And evidence of this is the acclimatization process, or the body's ability to adapt to changing geographic and climatic conditions.
When going on a trip, a business trip or a long-awaited vacation to one of the most remote parts of the planet, with an unusual climate or a different time zone, we unwittingly expose our body to stress. This is almost inevitable.
Changes can only be overcome by an absolutely healthy organism with a sufficiently strong and strong immune system. And this is very rare. But this does not mean that we are hostages of the situation. Before answering the question of how to deal with acclimatization, let's start with how this ailment manifests itself, under what conditions and how long it lasts.
There are a lot of acclimatization symptoms. Their manifestation depends on the individual characteristics of human health. Due to similar symptoms, the manifestation of the acclimatization process can very often be confused with common diseases: colds or food poisoning.
In principle, they can be conventionally divided into two stages. The first is accompanied by symptoms: drowsiness, insomnia, lethargy, decreased performance. At the second stage, a decrease in the physiological functions of the body is observed. In addition, during the adaptation period, an exacerbation of existing diseases is possible. In this case, it is recommended to immediately return to your usual habitat.
The period of adaptation of an organism to unfamiliar climatic conditions lasts mainly from three to seven days. But, it should be noted that a number of factors affect how long acclimatization lasts:
Every parent wants to see their child healthy and happy. Therefore, thousands of families go on vacation to the sea or the mountains. But when everyone begins to rejoice in rest and recovery, a restructuring of the body comes - acclimatization, which causes a lot of inconvenience. Let us consider in more detail this phenomenon of preventive measures that are necessary to avoid complications.
Quite often, when a family comes to rest, children suddenly start to be capricious, become lethargic, their temperature rises, and sometimes they have a runny nose and cough. Many parents mistake these symptoms for a cold and begin treatment, which in most cases does not work.
This is not a disease, but signs of acclimatization that appear in children after moving to a new place. The child's body enters a new climate for him, where a different temperature regime, altitude, time zone, nutrition, etc. To adapt, he begins to rebuild, and the person at this time feels discomfort. It is especially difficult for an unformed child's body.
Almost immediately after the family arrives on vacation, the initial symptoms appear, and acclimatization is the first inconvenience. It is especially difficult for children under three years old, since the older the child, the more calmly he tolerates the move.
Parents notice the following signs of acclimatization in their children: • a sharp decrease in appetite; • slight dizziness, general lethargy and malaise; • unreasonable whims, especially in young children; • increased body temperature; • symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders; • cough, runny nose, sore throat and other symptoms of ARVI; • restless sleep and even insomnia.
Usually, these symptoms appear 1-2 days after a sharp change in climate, and acclimatization in children can last from three to ten days. The better the physical health of the child, the less the manifestation of the negative consequences of the restructuring of the body.
It is important to know how long acclimatization takes for children. The whole process of the organism getting used to new conditions can be divided into several stages.
Good afternoon! Today I want to tell you how my acclimatization went before climbing Elbrus, and what I will do differently on my next ascent.
First acclimatization hikes
The night before, we all slept at an altitude of a little over 2000m - in the village of Terskol. The first acclimatization hike went with a guide under the Cheget peak and climbed to an altitude of about 3050-3100 m.
Here I have already realized that the saying "quieter you go, you will continue" is very relevant in the mountains. I took a fast pace for myself and at an altitude of 2800 I caught the first attack of the "miners" - hung on trekking sticks with an attack of nausea and headache.
I coped with ill health by resting in a cafe and drinking tea with sea buckthorn. I also realized that the energy in the rise is directly proportional to the number of calories ate. You need to eat well and refresh yourself along the way. We slept downstairs.
On the second day - the second exit to the Maiden Spit waterfall and above them, to the old Ukrainian Observatory in the mountains. The altitude is also about 3100 m (we did not climb higher, the weather deteriorated sharply).
And the next day we got from Terskol by taxi to the Azau glade (20 minutes drive). A cable car to Mount Elbrus begins from Azau.
We left our things in our little trailer house, and on the same day we climbed on foot to the height of 4100, to Shelter 11. Physically working at the height, I began to feel and breathe better.
We went down to spend the night by all the rules at 3800. The night was hard, at the height of the headache. Here I am against the cable car on the next ascent. It's great to send things on the cable car, and go upside down yourself.
The next stage: we got up at 4100 in the morning, threw our things at the Maria orphanage, put on cats and climbed even higher, to the Pastukhov rocks and about 4700. We spent the night at 4100 in the shelter. We slept better, there was no headache, but we suffered from a lack of normal water. We had to melt the snow, this water was tasteless and completely without electrolytes.
Go far, far away, see new places, bask in the hot sun or walk on the bright blue ice of Lake Baikal, plunge into the gentle sea or climb to the snowy peak ... Traveling gives so many vivid impressions!
Often, when traveling, we change time zones, find ourselves in other climatic zones. But, going on vacation, we do not always think that overcoming the distances, we run the risk of encountering such a phenomenon as acclimatization. Someone might say: this is scary only for children. Unfortunately no. Adults can also suffer from acclimatization. And it’s a shame to get sick on vacation!
How to recognize the symptoms of acclimatization, why it appears, how you can help yourself and your loved ones, Pavel Tkachuk, a diagnostician at the clinic of the I.M. echenova, candidate of medical sciences.
Usually the first alarm calls appear on the second or third day after the move. This is usually:
heart palpitations blood pressure fluctuations chills, weakness headache dizziness and fatigue sore throat, runny nose sleep disorders: drowsiness, insomnia dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract: nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea increased body temperature, memory, apprehension
What is more difficult for us: climate change or time zones? According to experts, the second. For example, a flight from Moscow to Vladivostok threatens with greater consequences than from Murmansk to the Black or Azov Sea.