General rules for hardening
With the birth of children, we pin many hopes: we want them to grow up beautiful and smart, and also healthy and strong. And therefore, the main task of both parents and doctors is to prevent possible diseases from the first days of a child's life.
When a child is born, it finds itself in a new environment. Nature has endowed the infant with many different adaptive and protective mechanisms in order for him to survive and begin to develop in this environment. For example, a child has thermoregulatory mechanisms that prevent overheating and hypothermia. When we cram a child, creating hothouse conditions for him, we "deprive him of work" of these mechanisms. Having become unnecessary, they can gradually atrophy, and then even a light breeze will pose a threat to the child - a child who turns out to be defenseless can easily get sick.
The body's endurance and its resistance to changing environmental conditions increase under the influence of hardening - air, water, diffused sunlight: the child's immunity to various diseases increases, the mechanisms of thermoregulation are improved; hardening contributes to the correct metabolism, has a positive effect on the physical development of the child, on the adaptation of his body to new living conditions. Hardening is the leading method of increasing the resistance of the child's body.
However, to obtain the positive effect of hardening, a number of general rules must be followed:
Breaks in hardening lead to a weakening of the adaptive mechanisms that are formed under the influence of hardening procedures. Even in adults, 3-4 weeks after the termination of the hardening procedures, the developed resistance to the effects of cold is sharply weakened. In children in the 1st year of life, the disappearance of the adaptation effect occurs in an even shorter time - after 5-7 days. As conditions change depending on the season, the procedures should be varied without completely canceling them. For example, an outdoor shower in winter can be replaced by dousing your feet.
It is possible to ensure systematic hardening procedures throughout the year only if they are firmly included in the daily routine of the child and are combined with the usual activities carried out at different times of the day (washing, walking, sleeping, playing , hygienic bath, etc.).
Hardening is based on the body's ability to gradually adapt to unusual conditions. Resistance to low temperatures must be developed consistently but continuously. The transition from weaker hardening procedures to stronger ones (by lowering the temperature of the air, water and increasing the duration of the procedure) should be carried out gradually. This is especially important for young children and weakened children (premature babies, suffering from hypotrophy, rickets, exudative diathesis or other allergic diseases).
From parents of preschoolers you can often hear that their kids are constantly sick. Indeed, at this age, human immunity has not yet become stronger, moreover, spending all free time at home in front of a computer or TV does not contribute to its development in any way. How to protect preschool children from frequent illnesses? The answer is hardening.
Hardening is a set of preventive measures aimed at increasing the body's resistance to adverse environmental factors. This is a kind of training of the body, when regular hardening procedures make it show a protective reaction to cooling or overheating. Hardening acts like a vaccine: having learned to cope with small doses of harmful factors, the body is able to resist large doses.
You can start hardening at any age, but in children, the problem of increased morbidity against the background of weak immunity is especially acute.
In addition to strengthening immunity, hardening preschoolers can solve several problems at once:
Hardening procedures are ineffective without correcting the child's lifestyle.
An organism trained in this way will learn to react quickly to hypothermia, and you can forget about "colds". Tempering will not save you from infectious diseases, but it will be easier and faster for a hardened child to transfer them. It will be easier to adapt to kindergarten - and it is with this institution that parents' complaints about endless illnesses are usually associated. Of course, hardening is one of the most important components of the physical education of preschoolers.
Inborn immunity. This is an incorrect definition. The baby does not develop antibodies and does not need it. The baby receives immunity with mother's milk. But in return, the newborn has powerful adaptation mechanisms. Therefore, the crumbs that have just been born do not need hardening. It is necessary to provide them with care, in which the inherent ability to adapt is not lost. Contrasts in water or air temperatures should be created: walk more outside in any weather, swim, dress in accordance with the indoor and outdoor climate.
Don't do it. Constantly high temperature, sterile environment - all this leads to the shutdown of natural adaptation mechanisms (why, if the conditions are almost like in the womb?).
Not allowed at any child age:
Doctors never stop insisting: hardening is an integral part of any person's health. It's never too late to start hardening, but it is best to instill healthy habits from childhood. This is the easiest and most effective way to train your child's defenses.
It is worth starting to teach a child to hardening from the first year of life. Strengthening the baby's immunity should include not only the impact of physical factors, but also the correction of the lifestyle of the whole family. With this approach, you can count on a long-term result.
Hardening is a method of physiotherapy for the effects on the human body of various natural factors: air, water, sun, low and high temperatures (relative to body temperature) in order to increase the body's functional reserves and its resistance to the adverse effects of these factors.
If you decide to start hardening a child by pouring cold water, then you should not rush. Strengthening the protective functions of the immune system will not occur when doused with cold water.
In order to effectively improve the health of the child, hardening procedures should include various activities.
One of the main rules for the harmonious growth and development of a child of any age. Daily play and walks in the fresh air significantly strengthen the baby's immune system. It is obvious to pediatricians that being outdoors is more beneficial than playing games on the computer or watching TV.
Experts insist: at temperatures over 23 degrees, one thin layer of clothing, dress or sleeveless T-shirt is enough. The child is constantly in motion and he freezes much less often than his parents. Dressed warmly, in several layers, babies sweat quickly, which causes the development of diseases.
It is very useful for children to run barefoot around the house. This stimulates the reflex zones on the foot and perfectly strengthens the child's immunity.
There is a tendency among children that the more mothers and grandmothers lovingly try to protect the child from the effects of external factors, wrapping them up, not allowing them to swim in the river, walk barefoot on the grass, sand or on the floor at home, the more often the child is sick. In this case, one should abandon the chosen principles and begin to temper the child.
Hardening is a complex of procedures based on the influence of factors such as water, air, sun, often consisting in a difference in the effecting temperature or atmospheric pressure. As a result, the child's body becomes more resistant to natural irritants and is better able to resist infections.
Hardening naturally develops immunity, and this method is much more effective than stimulating immunity from outside, with the help of pills.
If we compare the number of cases of ARVI in an unhardened child and one who has undergone hardening procedures for a year, hardening reduces the risk of colds by about 3 times.
It is possible to start hardening the child's body without preliminary preparation and from any age, the earlier the better. In a small child, the adaptation mechanism is much more actively developed, therefore, early hardening gives a more pronounced result.
Hardening a child (where to start will be described in detail below) should be based on the following principles:
Doctors recommend for a start to refuse to wrap up the baby and dress him according to the weather. Secondly, it is necessary to air in the children's room at least twice a day at any temperature outside the window.
For preschoolers and pupils of grades 1-11
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Hardening children in kindergarten!
- elements of hardening in everyday life: washing with cool water, wide aeration of premises, properly organized walk, physical exercises carried out in light sportswear indoors and outdoors;
- special events: water, air and solar.
For hardening children, the main natural factors (sun, air and water) are used differentially depending on the age of children, their state of health, taking into account the preparedness of the personnel and the material base of the preschool educational institution, with strict adherence to methodological recommendations.
Hardening measures vary in strength and duration depending on the season of the year, the air temperature in the group rooms, and the epidemiological situation.
For hardening activities in each group cell, you must have:
- marked lightweight polyethylene tanks (2 pcs.);
- 0.5 bucket. l of water for contrasting douches;