On a difficult and long journey, each participant must have a personal first aid kit, which includes the simplest first aid equipment.
The following principle can be recommended: as a rule, medicines intended for the treatment of victims, the condition of which implies transportation, are taken from the calculation of two victims and their transportation from the most distant section of the route.
It is necessary to take into account the possibility of a widespread intestinal infection, which often occurs on the way to the beginning of the route (trains, station buffets, etc.). Especially unfavorable epidemiological situation in the southern regions (Caucasus, Central Asia). In this regard, the number of drugs from the section "Medicines used for diseases of the stomach and intestines" are taken in an increased amount.
When using drugs on the route, it is necessary to replenish the supply as soon as possible. If the pharmacy does not have the medicines you need, replace them with similar ones, after consulting the pharmacist of the pharmacy.
Consider the requirements for packaging a first-aid kit as a whole and individual medicines inside it.
- hardness. The first-aid kit must have packaging that retains its shape and protects the contents from deformation when carried in and out of the backpack. In this regard, the plastic toolboxes sold at hardware stores are perhaps the most convenient. They are in many ways similar to the professional styling used by ambulance and rescue teams. When choosing a specific type of stacking, you need to pay attention to the reliability of the locks and the connection of the box with the lid.
- sealing. Even if it gets into water, the first aid kit must remain tight. Many medicines become unusable when they come into contact with water.
I was recently asked to tell you what kind of first aid kit I have with me when traveling. Initially, it was generally very small until there was a child, but then it grew quite a lot in size. It is clear that when traveling to the sea, it is imperative to make medical insurance if you are traveling abroad, and it is the doctor who will prescribe medications for purchase at the pharmacy (and in some countries, medications are issued immediately when visiting a doctor).
When traveling in Russia, you can use the compulsory medical insurance policy, the main thing is not to forget it. However, I feel safer when the most basic and familiar medicines are at hand and you have access to them immediately.
Once again, it is advisable to make travel insurance in advance so that you can see the doctor so that he prescribes the necessary medications. Ask, why then drag all this on a trip? Yes, you can not take it. But it is calmer and more convenient when the main things are immediately at hand
For example, in Poland, a doctor prescribed everything that was already in the first-aid kit, and did not have to go to the pharmacy. And in any case, you must have antipyretic in order to wait for a call to the hospital or the arrival of a doctor. Well, you can sometimes be on the road when the doctor is very far away, at least you can try to do something.
I remember in China, the first-aid kit was very useful, since in our "village" it was somewhat problematic to get medical help and buy something at the pharmacy. Also, I still have a habit of rechecking everything that is prescribed to us, and consulting with someone else about the correctness of the appointment. By and large, the scheme of action in simple cases is already known and only a full-time diagnosis is needed.
Honestly, I think it is better for parents to stay alert and know at least the basics. For example, if a child has a wet cough and he clears his throat, he does not need to give him a mucolytic, which increases the amount of secretion, a small child may "choke".
If you are in Asia, remember that with Dengue fever, in no case should the temperature be brought down, with nothing but PARACETAMOL. By default, before finding out the diagnosis, always knock them down first. Well, in general, it is considered better for children than the same Nurofen.
- Syrup with ibuprofen (Nurofen) for a child, Nurofen tablets for an adult - Syrup with paracetamol (Eferalgan, Panadol) - Cefekon suppositories with paracetamol. Others are possible, it's just a cheap analogue, they are used if the syrup cannot be given .. - Suppositories Papaverine, used in conjunction with Cefekon
What medicines should you take with you in the tourist's first-aid kit, first of all for a hike, on the road, at sea? We will compile a list of drugs based on our travel experience, which is ideal when traveling with children and for all cases of independent recreation in countries such as India, Dubai, Thailand, and other peculiar territories.
When going on a trip, even a healthy person should think about safety, so that nothing would overshadow the trip. A small first aid kit for tourists will come in handy on any trip. If medicines are transported in small quantities and not in the form of liquids, they will be allowed through customs. Otherwise, you will have to go to the doctor at the resting place and write a prescription for the necessary medicine.
You just need to know its name in Latin and be sure that it is not prohibited in the country. In some cases, it is possible to buy a medicine from a pharmacy with a prescription, which is prescribed in Russia. Such information about which medicines can be exported from the country or imported into it must be clarified directly at the consulate or embassy of the country. The rules change periodically. It will be calmer if you stock up on the phone of a family doctor or a doctor's friend, he can advise on a photo or your story if necessary.
If possible, put the medicines in a separate package (cosmetic bag, bag). Put only the essentials in your carry-on baggage. Liquids can only be transported in checked baggage, preferably in plastic bottles, with the exception of insulin and some other medicines. At the same time, liquid medicines must be in their original packaging and they have not expired. The names of medicines should be readable, and a prescription should be attached to prescription drugs, even if it is in Russian. It is worth adding to the package with medicines or saving on the mobile phone the text with the dosage and the dosage regimens. Manicure scissors, blades, small knives can only be carried in baggage, and syringes are allowed in some cases in carry-on baggage.
What should be on a resting drug list first? For a healthy person, wound healing agents, medicines for diarrhea, possibly sunscreens and mosquito repellents will be enough. If you have health problems, then in addition to painkillers and antibiotics, you need to add those that you use regularly to the list of medicines. If you are traveling with a large group or family, it is better to collect a universal first aid kit. Put in it only medicines to which you are not allergic.
A universal tourist's first aid kit, a list of broad-spectrum drugs that will suit most vacation readers:
With signs of angina, bronchitis, sinusitis, intestinal infections, antibiotics will be required. The most common and inexpensive drugs are chloramphenicol, erythromycin and cefelaxin tablets. They have a wide spectrum of action and have minimal contraindications.
Paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen are inexpensive and effective remedies when the temperature rises and to relieve the painful symptoms that arise. Dozens of their more expensive counterparts can be found in pharmacies. The composition is approximately the same.
From the very first day, after you and your baby return from the hospital, it is advisable for you to collect, and always have at hand, a children's first aid kit. Perhaps many medicines from it will never be useful to you, but for your peace of mind, it is still better to buy them. And then, such problems as intestinal colic, or a sudden rise in temperature, will not make you run to the pharmacy in the middle of the night. Many mothers believe that, living in a city, where at any time of the day, you can find the necessary medicine, there is no need to have a children's first-aid kit at home. Well, it's up to you. But what to do if you and your baby are going to relax in the country, or you have a trip to the sea. In this case, a children's first aid kit on the road is a necessity.
Finding yourself in another country where all pills and medicines are called differently, even a wasp bite or a cut finger can bring you a lot of problems and troubles. And what to do if the baby has a fever, or the ear hurts? Going on vacation with a child, you must be ready for this, therefore, a first-aid kit for the road is the first thing to take care of when collecting things.
All antipyretics can be divided into groups, depending on what active ingredient they contain. Some children are not susceptible to paracetamol, therefore, to bring down their temperature, with the help of children's "Panadol" or children's "Paracetamol", most likely will not work. Therefore, we will give you examples of several of the most popular remedies, and you can choose the one that is best suited for your child.
Personally, for my children, I opted for the children's "Ibufen", it lowers the temperature well and quickly, tastes good, and has an analgesic effect.
Antihistamines are anti-allergy drugs. They are a must-have in a children's first-aid kit when going on the road. Especially if you decide to spend a weekend or your vacation outside your home country.
There are many antihistamines, such as Fenistil, Zirtek, Claritin, Suprastin, etc. ... But I think that for children, it is better to use new generation antihistamines such as Fenistil. It comes in the form of drops, and is convenient in that it can be used even for the smallest ones.
When treating colds, as well as for their prevention, you will need antiviral drugs.
In principle, all of the listed drugs are quite effective, therefore, when collecting a first-aid kit on the road, you can choose any of them.
Any venture into nature is associated with a certain risk. Especially for city dwellers who are not very accustomed to such conditions. Hence the increased risk of getting various injuries, rubbing corns and sprains. And food in the bosom of nature can be overshadowed by such a nuisance as food poisoning. Therefore, going on a hike if you do not have a carefully prepared first-aid kit with you in your backpack is real stupidity. Thinking over the trip in advance and collecting the necessary medicines in the first-aid kit is no less important than calculating food supplies. And it is not so important how experienced each member of the group is - troubles can always happen and you need to be prepared for them.
Perhaps the most important problem in any outing in nature. Slipped, fell, got up - oops, got an abrasion. And in the wild, such an abrasion, and even something soiled, can become an entrance gate for dangerous infectious diseases, for example, tetanus. Conclusion - every scratch must be treated with an antiseptic and sealed with a plaster to avoid it. This means that the first-aid kit needs: a bottle of iodine, a bottle of hydrogen peroxide, any antiseptic (or, instead of all three of these drugs, a miraculous bottle of iodideserine), a thin plaster, a roll of tear-off plaster and a bandage. The bandage, in addition, is excellent for applying rigid dressings for tendon sprains. Paper napkins and scissors will not be superfluous - you need to somehow cut the bandages and wipe the abrasions. Plasters are also useful against calluses, because inexperienced tourists may have problems with the selection of shoes. And in case of bruises, Traumeel S must be present in the first-aid kit - undoubtedly the best of the gels in this area. And no, we weren't paid to advertise it ?
A bonfire is fine, but exactly until someone gets burned. We will also tell you about the rules for providing first aid in such cases, but now we will simply say that panthenol must be in the first-aid kit - a drug specially created specifically for the treatment of burns. But you do not need to immediately apply it to the burnt area. You can also use another healing cream - the lifeguard. It also works great for mosquito bites. By the way. Mosquito repellent, although not directly a medicinal product, is also included in the first aid kit, as well as sunscreen.
They are much easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, inspect food carefully before eating. You can read more about this in the article How to understand that a product is damaged. But in case someone nevertheless turns out to be inattentive and gets poisoned, the first-aid kit should contain activated charcoal in blisters (three pieces), enterosgel (one package) and rehydron (several sachets). How to use them correctly and what to do in case of poisoning - described in the article Food poisoning. In addition, medications for common indigestion and nausea may be useful to you - metaclopramide, loperamide and no-spa.
As already mentioned, a hike is a very traumatic phenomenon. And if simple injuries and abrasions do not require hospitalization, then with fractures you need to behave in a completely different way. Bandages will come in handy here - apply a hard bandage and fix a splint, as well as a powerful pain reliever - for example, ketans or nimesulide. Sometimes the pain is so severe that the victim loses consciousness - ammonia may be needed. With fractures, the temperature almost always rises - you need to knock it down somehow. So we take paracetamol. It will be useful in a number of other cases, accompanied by fever - sudden colds (here you can also take ACC, a mucolytic that you drink with a wet cough, or, if there are no popular allergic reactions, a more budgetary mukaltin. By the way, colds are a separate topic, they are in the forest they may well be themselves, but here everyone has their own methods of treatment: who will have enough of the same forest herbs, who will carry a throat spray with them (stopangin there, or chlorophyllipt), who will take, say, a runny nose, who drink a pharmacy tincture of echinacea ... here it is already possible not to strongly advise), the same food poisoning.
Yes, it is possible. Getting your eye on a branch is as easy as shelling pears. Severe cases, of course, need to be treated in a hospital setting, but chloramphenicol or sulfacyl eye drops will still come in handy. There is also a non-standard, but effective method - to dilute onion juice with water in a one-to-one ratio and instill it in the eyes. Of course, it will pinch, and you are unlikely to take a bow with you on a hike, so it's easier to take drops in your first-aid kit.
New Year and Christmas is a fabulous time, a time of miracles and new discoveries! We all begin to believe at this time of fairy tales, in Santa Claus and make our deepest desires, like children rejoice in fluffy snow, play snowballs and make snow heroes. Let's make a wish to go to a special birthday
Going on vacation with children, you need to pay attention to the availability of a developed infrastructure at the resort, children's entertainment, the convenience of the beach for kids, and whether the hotels are oriented towards family tourists. Below are the best resorts in Europe and Russia, which are most often chosen by families with children.