The role of physical education

The role of physical education

How to physically develop a child so that it is interesting for both him and the adult? What forms of improving physical skills can be applied at different ages? What is the recommended goal and how to achieve it, taking into account the age characteristics of a particular child? Do I need to praise or scold the baby if he does not want to carry out the task offered to him? Read all about the different forms of the child's physical development in the article.

Physical development of the child and his form

A physically developed child, in the absence of congenital and acquired health complications, gets sick less and gets more joy from life. It is biologically determined that children throughout the entire period of growing up need constant movement. This is necessary for organizing a high level of metabolic processes in the body, creating conditions for the proper growth and development of the body.

Realizing the importance of physical development, many parents are wondering how to properly organize a child's life in order to provide enough movement for maximum health benefits. The long-term experience of teachers and educators, doctors and geneticists comes to the aid in solving the problem. Assessing the impact of various options for the development of children, experts came to the conclusion that in order to create optimal conditions it is necessary to use simple but effective forms of physical development.

A variety of application of different forms is necessary - their selection based on the characteristics of a particular child, his age and skills. Some can be used from birth, others are introduced gradually as the basic physical skills are mastered, the appearance of a holistic perception of information.

There are several stages of a child's physical education:

  • Preparatory (from birth to mastering the walking skill 11 months - 1.4 years);
  • The first stage of physical education (1-3 years);
  • The second stage of physical development (3-6 years);
  • The third stage of physical development (7-12 years);
  • The fourth stage of physical development (12-17 years ).

It should be understood that the identified boundaries of physical education and development are conditional, the transition between stages is smooth and depends on the skills and physical condition of a particular child. Below we will consider each of the stages in more detail so that you can understand what to apply in a particular case.

Common types of physical education of children

These types of physical education are the most recommended options by teachers and doctors, which can be used both individually and jointly. The choice of a particular type should be made based on the age and general physical development of the child.

Types of physical education for children from birth to 12 years old

A society that looks ahead always puts the concern for the upbringing of a healthy generation to the fore. The role of physical culture can hardly be overestimated, since it is a part of the general educational process, is closely interconnected with the spiritual and moral development of the individual. For prosperity, the state needs harmoniously developed citizens: highly intellectual, patriotic, healthy.

  • Improvement and health promotion, correct, timely development of the functions and systems of the child's body.
  • Formation of physical skills, knowledge about the role of playing sports, about ways of self-control.
  • Fostering the desire for self-study, a conscious approach to training.

The role of early physical education

Since birth, parents and medical staff are trying to strengthen the health of the child, improving the mechanisms of resistance to adverse factors, including them through hardening, the simplest exercises. A well-thought-out daily routine, good nutrition is what a baby needs for motor, mental development. During the period of growth and formation of the main systems, physical activity increases adaptive capabilities, saturates the main organs with oxygen: the heart, lungs, gradually increasing their capabilities. A little later, physical education helps to show your thoughts, emotions, creativity. Various physical games and exercises give impetus to the development of their own strengths, the desire to overcome difficulties, develop volitional qualities, self-esteem. Physical activity helps relieve tension, tightness, anxiety. Since physical exercises always require accuracy and a certain sequence, such exercises develop in the baby concentration, the ability to switch, react quickly, and be resistant to stress. All these qualities will be useful in the future for an adult, no matter what he does.

Actual tasks of sports work with younger students

There is an interest in sports all over the world, society cultivates the joy and art of being healthy. Ideally, when these goals also become the essence of public policy. But it is important to educate the younger generation in such a way that no external obstacles can shake its solid moral principles, the desire to take care of their moral purity and health. Read: Tasks of Physical Education for School-Age Children. At school, regular sports activities, in addition to a healthy body, form spiritual and moral qualities in children:

  • a conscious desire to lead a healthy lifestyle;
  • a sense of collectivism, the need for comradely mutual assistance;
  • notions of honesty and justice;
  • the need for physical activity;
  • the basic volitional qualities are laid down: courage, stamina, self-control;
  • children learn to independently control their health, physical fitness, adjust, depending on them , your athletic load.

A healthy person is formed by the diversity of social life: in the process of study, communication during classes and rest, and subsequent work. Physical education is one of the "building blocks" in building a versatile personality.


During training, especially competitive sports events, children have to experience considerable physical and psychological stress: an unpredictable environment, a spirit of opposition, awareness of personal responsibility for the result of the competition. At such moments, the education of those very courage, endurance and willpower takes place. The guys learn to interact with the team, obey the rules, support teammates, and respect rivals.

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