The best sights of the Kaluga region with photos and descriptions

The best sights of the Kaluga region with photos and descriptions

Among the majority of regions where I was able to visit, the Kaluga region stood out among others with incredibly beautiful places and historical sites. The sights of Kaluga and the Kaluga Region are really impressive. Its incomparable nature is simply impossible to admire, not to mention the majestic temples and ancient fortresses. The Kaluga region is rich in sights and various tourist routes, which I will gladly introduce you to today. I will not bypass those places where you can look with children.

Cultural and historical sights of the Kaluga region with descriptions and photos

Why Kaluga Region? And all for its magnificent nature, carefully preserved in the territories of numerous national parks, where you can watch amazing waterfalls, flocks of birds and visit wildlife sanctuaries. And what is worth visiting the beautiful places of the Central Russian Upland, which, for good reason, beckon to this region. I will try to tell you what you can see in the Kaluga region, highlighting its best sights, as well as which places are worth visiting by car.

District Architecture

I managed to visit a unique historical place with the preserved flavor and spirit of the old times - the Vorobyevo estate, located in the village of the same name, not far from Kaluga. The building dates back to the beginning of the 20th century and was erected by the Swedish engineer Gunnar Svenson. The estate is represented by a quaint two-story mansion with an attic, several porches, balconies, terraces and a corner tower. The interior is complemented by a variety of window shapes: arched, stepped, oval, narrow and rectangular. The attic has a lot of intricate, like oriental details. The exterior design of the building's façade is equally impressive. It successfully combines several finishing and textured techniques, which can be traced in ceramic tiles, plastered "under a fur coat" areas, smooth surfaces, where wooden inserts and metal forging fit perfectly.

The bank of the Techa River surprised me with the huge complex of the Stepanovskoye estate, dating from about the 18th century. Despite the fact that she has not been spared for years, the estate is still interesting. In the post-revolutionary years, the estate was nationalized, which led to the removal of all the paintings from it, and a little later a sanatorium and medical institutions were located in the building. What has survived dates back to the end of the 19th century and is impressive: the main house, outbuildings, the manor park and the entrance gate. The main house is heaped with balconies and columns, and the interior decoration can be traced to a variety of interior styles.

Among the outbuildings stood out the house of the manager and the "Arsenal" - the pavilion where the boats were kept by the river. The gate was attracted by sculptures of deer on pylons. The park is probably the best-preserved object of the estate with a linden alley and ancient plantations, which are over 120 years old.

If possible, visit the following architectural solutions of the area:

  • Estate of Baryatino, Dubrovka, Istomino, Poltoratsky, Pronchishchev and Chirikov.
  • The Bugry estate, where the artist P. Konchalovsky lived and the Morozovskaya dacha are the main attractions of Obninsk, Kaluga region.

Regional Museums

I really liked the village of Przemysl in the Kaluga region, and among its attractions I was especially interested in the Museum of the White Stork. It was interesting to see the exposition dedicated to the history of the origin of storks. I learned about where and how they were settled throughout the country and the region, their migration and much more about the life of these amazing creations. It was here that I first heard about some facts about storks.

Why does Barnaul need a tourism development program

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Contents

Tourism development in the Kaluga region

Kaluga region is located in the upper reaches of the river. Oki in the central part of the East European Plain. Borders with Moscow, Tula, Bryansk, Smolensk, Oryol regions. Refers to the Central Federal District. The region was formed in 1944. The administrative center of the region is the city of Kaluga. Territory - 29.8 thousand km2, population - 1,014.2 thousand people (2006). The distance from Moscow to Kaluga is 180 km. Moscow time. Transport accessibility - railway ., automobile communication, Kaluga - port on the river. Oke. The climate is temperate continental, the average t in January is -9 ° C, in July + 18 ° C. The number of sunny days per year -, the average water temperature in summer -. The relief is flat, the main river is the Oka. About half of the territory is occupied by mixed forests

The Kaluga region can rightfully be called a pearl, one of the most unique territories in terms of the presence of monuments of history, culture and nature of Russia. The region has favorable long-term prospects for the development of the tourist complex. The Strategy of Social and Economic Development of the Kaluga Region until 2030 states: “One of the development potentials of the Kaluga Region as a“ region of new development ”is tourism. With a rich history, centuries-old traditions and picturesque natural landscapes, the region has opportunities for the development of tourism of various forms: from business, cultural, educational, religious to agritourism and sports tourism with active forms of recreation.

The predetermining factors for the successful development of tourism in the region are the proximity of the capital of the Russian Federation, which generates a powerful flow of tourists, and the presence of innovative cores capable of ensuring the competitiveness of the tourist and recreational direction and its dynamic development. "

The visiting card of the Kaluga Region is the Museum of the History of Cosmonautics and the House-Museum of K. Tsiolkovsky, Holy Vvedenskaya Kozelskaya Optina Hermitage, St. Tikhon's Hermitage, Pafnutyev Borovsky Monastery. The spiritual potential of the Kaluga region can hardly be overestimated. There are ten active monasteries and about two hundred churches. The Kaluga Region is undoubtedly one of the greatest religious centers in the country.

The ancient history of the Kaluga land is evidenced by many monuments of temple and civil architecture of different eras and styles. In addition to the House - Museum "Goncharovs' Estate (Linen Factory)" in the region there is a whole constellation of "noble nests" - Avchurino and Akhlebinino, Baryatino and Belkino, Grigorovskoye, Zheleznyaki, etc. The very nature of the Kaluga region presents ideal conditions for ecotourism: diversity, uniqueness, the attractiveness and vastness of its landscapes are very great. The largest protected natural area of ​​the region, "National Park" Ugra ", has 90% of the biological diversity of the region and includes about 300 objects of cultural and historical heritage.

Agrotourism, which is gaining popularity, is a great opportunity to get acquainted with the local culture and customs, see authentic rural household items, and learn how to handle pets. Relatively new directions in the field of tourism, which today form additional tourist flows, are the objects of sanatorium and recreational and cultural and educational tourism: the sports and entertainment complex "Kvan", the recreation complex "Safari Park", "Bird Park" Sparrows ", cultural and educational tourist center "ETNOMIR".

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