Innovations came to school with the introduction of the new law "On Education" No. 273-FZ, which positions general education as a place for educating a member of the modern information society in a person. Therefore, information and communication technologies came to the fore, without which not a single lesson in any school can do today.
In addition to the requirements of the Ministry of Education, there are a number of factors that determine the needs of education for innovation:
Significance is attached to innovative educational technologies of general education at the state level.
Local practices and initiatives for the implementation of innovations are considered today as a point of growth for all Russian education.
Such techniques become the basis for innovative platforms in specific areas. The topics of innovative projects at school can be different: social activity of students, parity of physical and spiritual culture, models of a high-tech environment.
Today's innovations in schools are more than just examples of using the interactive whiteboard and electronic diary. The technologies of teaching subjects of the school curriculum are undergoing the most serious changes.
The focus of a modern teacher is the individualization of learning, student-centered technologies, features of intellectual development and methods of monitoring it.
The creation of an intra-school system for assessing the quality of education requires the development of new criteria and methods, and therefore also refers to innovation.
Innovative technologies in preschool educational institutions in the work of educators are the latest methods of organizing the educational process used by employees of preschool educational institutions, which have a positive effect on learning, contribute to an increase in the effectiveness of teaching and upbringing methods for children, intensive development of intelligence in preschool age.
The nature of the tools used (methods, techniques, software and hardware) determines the specificity of the educational model, depending on which various types of innovative technologies are distinguished:
Information and communication technologies (ICT) of preschool education are a set of educational and methodological materials based on the use of technical means and software in the upbringing of children and aimed at improving the pedagogical activity of employees of preschool institutions.
ICT provides for the use of educational videos, audio recordings, multimedia presentations, electronic manuals, etc. in the pedagogical process.
In addition to computer equipment and output devices (multimedia projectors, screens), interactive whiteboards are widely used, work with which involves not passive perception of information, but dynamic interaction.
Depending on the purpose of using technical means, the following types of ICT implementation in the educational process are distinguished:
The use of information tools and electronic educational complexes has a number of advantages:
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