Hungary seems to be not among the main tourist destinations in Europe. However, in terms of the number of attractions, it will give odds to many cult countries among tourists. Therefore, you need to clarify one question before going on a trip to Hungary: what to see a tourist in this country?
It can be said without exaggeration that every year the number of Russians wishing to visit this wonderful country will only grow. First of all, it is attracted by the fact that it is very close, which will make the path shorter, and remove the problems with finding direct flights, and significantly reduce the price of the tour due to the low cost of the flight. In addition, prices within the country itself are also very moderate by European standards.
The language question, one might say, will not bother. The Hungarian language is completely different from the Slavic languages, and even with European languages it has no more in common than with Russian (after all, it belongs to the Finno-Ugric), but there are so many Russian-speaking guides that all problems are removed by themselves. And the local population knows Russian very often, especially the older generation.
To this you can add a special national flavor and very beautiful nature. Those tourists who managed to visit this country said that they want to come back here again and again. It is especially attractive for those who prefer historical and cultural rest. What sights can you see here?
Nature has generously endowed Hungary, and one of these gifts is the thermal baths of Miskolc-Tapolca. In fact, we are talking about caves of natural origin and a warm lake, into which hot medicinal waters flow.
Since they constantly evaporate, even the air is saturated with useful minerals and has a healing effect. In addition, the baths are surrounded by a huge beech forest. By the way, you can swim in these baths for a very long time, although you cannot stay in other baths of this kind for more than half an hour.
Yes, and you can visit them all year round without a break, fortunately, the same temperature is kept in the caves at any time of the year. It only remains to add that even if everything is in order with health, these baths are still worth a visit, because it is simply very beautiful here.
This church is worth seeing at least from the outside, as it is very richly decorated. Statues of various Christian cult figures, and simply symbols, are made with the greatest skill, and on the sides there are majestic spiers visible from afar.
The interior is no less picturesque. The main altar of the temple is especially good, which is decorated with sculptural images of 250 years ago. The frescoes decorating the dome are of about the same age. Wall painting is of relatively recent origin, but it looks no less majestic.
The culture of Hungary is hard to imagine without wonderful performances on the leading stages of Europe: the world famous Hungarian State Opera House, Budapest Operetta Theater, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, etc. productions: the traditional national opera Ban-Bank by Ferenc Erkel or a completely modern interpretation of the opera Lear by the composer Ryman.
The building of the Hungarian Opera House has been preserved almost in its original form. Throughout its history, such famous composers as Ferenc Erkel, Gustav Mahler, Giacomo Puccini, as well as conductor Artur Nikish have acted as directors of the theater.
Separately, it should be noted the building of the opera itself, which is so beautiful that in the daytime there are guided tours, including in Russian. It amazes with its rich decoration, wall paintings by famous artists.
Visitors note that even on the uppermost tiers, audibility is excellent. This effect can be achieved by the horseshoe-shaped hall, which is recognized as the third most acoustically in the European Union, right after La Scala in Milan and the Opera House in Paris.
The Hungarian State Opera House is the venue for national ballet performances. Today the theater program includes ballet in three acts "Manon", "Valkyrie" by Richard Wagner.
Connoisseurs of operatic art will be able to appreciate the opera "Aida" by Giuseppe Verdi, "Faust" by Charles Guanoda, "The Marriage of Figaro" by Mozart. Especially for children from 4 to 7 years old, the performances "Instrumental Magic" are organized.
You can buy theater tickets online and at the box office of the theater itself. The initial cost is approximately 1500 HUF.
Interior decoration of the hall of the Hungarian National Opera House
According to the reviews of tourists, the Budapest Operetta Theater ranks second among the theaters in Hungary. The guests of the city celebrate the performances of the theater, including the musical "Marie Antoinnet", the play "Princess of the Circus" by I. Kalman, and the operetta "The Queen of Chardash".
The theater gained independence only in 1923, although the building was built much earlier. As noted on the theater's website, throughout its existence, the main task of the management was to preserve the traditions of modern operetta and bring a little modernity to them.
Hungary is located in the center of the European continent, mainly on the Middle Danube Plain. Its territory with a total area of 93,036 km² borders on Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria and Ukraine. And in size it is in one hundred and eighth place in the world ranking between the Republic of Korea and Portugal. The terrain, only partly hilly in the west, is mostly low-lying, flat in character.
The main river of the country, the Danube, with a length of 410 kilometers (through the territory of Hungary) from north to south is the longest river in the European Union, and its basin covers the territories of nineteen more European states.
Hungary is also famous for its lakes, one of which - Hévíz has a thermal origin, is a balneo-mud resort and the largest such facility in Europe. Tourists are primarily interested in the largest lake Balaton as the best region for recreation in Hungary.
The population is about 9 778 371 people, if we take the 2018 census. This is the eighty-ninth place in the world list, and the capital Budapest is in eighth place in the European Union for this indicator. More than half of the citizens are adherents of the Catholic faith.
Hungary is a unitary parliamentary republic with Hungarian as the state language, the currency is forint and a rapidly developing economy. GDP per capita in 2019 was calculated at $ 33,408. For the entry of travelers from countries not included in the Schengen list (including Russia and the CIS countries), a visa to Hungary is required.
Customs rules upon entry into the country regulate the amount of imported tobacco, alcohol and perfumery without paying a duty. You cannot import more than 250 g of tobacco products, which corresponds to 50 cigars or 200 cigarettes. It is allowed to take with you 1 liter of strong alcohol, 2 liters of wine, as well as 1 liter of cologne, 250 ml of eau de toilette and 100 ml of perfume.
The volume of imported foreign currency can be any, but the amount of more than 1 million HUF will have to be declared, and documents will be required upon departure. The restriction on the transport of local currency is in the range of 350,000 HUF.
Goods purchased in Hungary are allowed to be transported duty-free if they are not from the “commodity group” category and their total value does not exceed 270,000 HUF. For antiques and precious metal products, a specially issued permit is required.
Regular flights from Russia to Hungary operate only to the capital - Budapest. There are flights to other cities, but this largely depends on the seasonality and, more recently, on the economic situation. In any case, it is better to start your trip around the country from Budapest, where it is simply cheaper to get there by air and you can find more options. Using the form below, you will find the flight you need and you can buy a ticket in a few clicks, you only need a bank card and passport data.
As for movement on the ground, there is a direct train Moscow - Budapest. It runs daily, travel time is 30 hours, the train goes through Smolensk, Minsk, Brest, Warsaw and Bratislava. By car, you will have to drive along the route through the territories of other countries. You can enter Hungary through Slovakia, Ukraine or Romania.
For the first time, the ancestors of the Hungarians, called Magyars, came to the Middle Danube plain in 862, but this was only a raid by nomadic tribes, while the main settlement took place in the 10th century. Already at the beginning of the XI century. a young feudal state was formed - the Kingdom of Hungary, headed by the first king to take the title in 1001. The territory was divided into committees, which were ruled by the ishpans - royal officials, a code of laws was introduced. For about three hundred years, the throne belonged to the Arpat dynasty, descended from the Magyar princes. As a result of the Mongol invasion in 1241, royal power was weakened, and at the beginning of the 14th century, the rule of foreign dynasties and monarchs became commonplace. Gradually, estates were formed in Hungary, and by the 15th century, the regime of the estate monarchy was finally established, where the nobility played a leading role, including in the election of the National Assembly, which ruled together with the king. The committees were led, along with the Ishpans, by the committees, which consisted of nobles.
The concept of recreation in Hungary is inseparable from the treatment on its thermal lakes in numerous sanatoriums, holiday homes, boarding houses and hotels. The corresponding infrastructure has been built over the centuries.
While in Hungary, you shouldn't miss the chance to visit the thermal baths. Their composition is very diverse and you can always find something suitable - if not for medicinal, then for prophylactic purposes. This country is one of the five richest in thermal water in the world. Only in Japan, Iceland, Italy and France thermal waters have similar characteristics.
As early as 2 thousand years ago, the Romans, whose border of the empire ran along the Danube River, began to use local sources of thermal waters for medicinal purposes and taught the local people to understand this. About 1,300 thermal springs, 200 of which have a proven therapeutic effect in clinical studies, cover 80% of the country's territory, on which 450 thermal baths are built. In the XVI-XVII centuries, during the Turkish occupation, many baths were opened, some of which are still active today.
Why have these procedures been so popular since ancient times among royal families, noble nobility and just wealthy people who can afford it? What is the difference between health and medical resorts and how to choose the right one?
Hungarian chemist Vilmos Hanko in the eighties of the XIX century argued that if you stick a stick in the ground in any corner of the country, sooner or later a thermal or mineral spring will appear in this place.
The complex effects of healing waters
To achieve a therapeutic effect, it is generally recommended that patients spend 20 to 40 minutes a day in water. One course of therapy consists of 10-15 procedures. On days 4-8 of therapy, patients may experience worsening of their condition, increased pain and a feeling of depression, which can be caused by changes in the composition of the blood. Such a reaction to mineral waters is quite typical and temporary, therefore it does not require discontinuation of treatment.
Széchenyi, the largest bath in Europe, is always lively
Preschools in Hungary accept children from 3 years of age and work with them until they reach the stage of development that is necessary for the start of a full-fledged school education. As a rule, pupils leave kindergartens at the age of 7. But, if the child is not ready to go to school in Hungary, he can stay in the kindergarten longer.
The nursery accepts children from 6 months of age.
A prerequisite for admission to the garden is cleanliness and relative independence of the child. That is, he must independently go to the toilet and be able to eat with the help of cutlery.
In kindergartens, three groups are formed with children of the same age and one - with pupils of different ages (3-5 years). Up to 25 children are recruited into groups, with whom two educators and a nanny work.
Enrollment in kindergartens is held in May, and it is better to do this in advance, since it is quite difficult to get a place in the garden in Budapest and large cities. If the kindergarten cannot accept the child due to the lack of free places, he is obliged to take care of the admission of the baby to another nearest institution. However, again, this is not always the case, since the kindergartens are overloaded.
Preschool education in Hungary is optional, but every child must participate in sessions that prepare him for school life (they are held for children from 5 years of age for 4 hours a day).
Non-residents and foreigners can register their child in a kindergarten on the same grounds as residents. If you want your baby to attend a nursery, you must provide the local district administration with a certificate stating that the baby's mother is going to work (school). Nobody verifies its authenticity, therefore, after registration in a nursery or a kindergarten, you just need to regularly pay bills for preschool education.
Also, the parents (parent) must provide the child's birth certificate and their identity card (copies).
Features of finding a child in kindergarten
Programs for family recreation in the Lipetsk region: parks, festivals, Romanov toys How to relax on Kudykina Gora, spend the night in a Buryat yurt, visit the Sala festival and visit
Luxurious estates, gingerbread towns, French cheeses, dizzying rocky landscapes, unique temples and even a fragment of GUM in an abandoned wilderness.