Because of its prevalence and severity of consequences, injuries remain one of the main socio-economic problems around the world. Injury statistics allow us to identify the main causes and develop measures to prevent it.
In most developed countries, injuries are the third leading cause of death, and among the working-age population - 1. It is usually divided into two categories:
Each species is divided into groups depending on the field of activity and the location of the incident.
One of the main problems in the country is occupational injuries. Statistics annually record about 125 million accidents. Of these, 22 thousand were fatal. Causes of injury at work:
Injury statistics show that virtually everyone is at risk in the performance of their job duties. For example:
Winter is a wonderful and active time of the year, winter fun brings kids a lot of joy. But sometimes the pleasure of a fun walk is replaced by disappointment, health problems. Doctors say that the number of injuries in children triples in the winter.
The guys are happy to spend all their free time on the street, time flies unnoticed. Overplayed kids do not pay attention to frost and wind, often return home with frostbite. Sledding, skiing or ice skating is a lot of fun, children are happy to try to learn new fun. But these kinds of sports require skill development and training. Often, babies overestimate their strength, accelerate, lose their balance and fall. Falling on ice is especially dangerous and painful.
In addition to bruises and abrasions, there are more serious troubles.
Traumatic brain injuries are one of the most dangerous injuries requiring immediate treatment. Symptoms of traumatic brain injury include: dizziness, disorientation in space, headache. Possible short-term loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting. Concussions and bruises of the brain may also occur.
Dreadful signs are: speech retardation, respiratory rhythm disturbance, behavior change, pupil asymmetry.
The main task of parents with suspected traumatic brain injury is to get the child to the hospital as soon as possible. Even if the child does not complain, but you see a violation of his health, drowsiness, do not postpone the visit to the doctor.
These are the most frequent injuries in winter, trauma departments are overcrowded with patients with such diagnoses. One awkward movement, a bad landing on the ice, and injury occurs.
Contusion is the lightest of injuries, tissue damage is small, their structure is not significantly changed. The child complains of pain, but it is not intense and soon disappears. The movements in the limb are not changed, and the affected part of the body does not differ in appearance from the healthy one. A bruise may appear at the site of the injury.
The main reasons for appeals to emergency medical centers in winter are banal carelessness, inability to fall, shoes in bad weather, streets uncleaned in time from the cold and snow. People are in a hurry in icy conditions, they do not notice the ice under the snow.
Elderly people are especially often treated with injuries. With age, the fragility of bones increases, the elasticity of the ligaments and muscles decreases, and even a minor blow leads to fractured limbs. Therefore, you need to be more careful and in every case have a remedy that will help in case of injury.
"Leaders" of street falls - bruises, bone fractures, dislocations, sprains of the arms, sometimes. The main age category of those injured in winter is men from 20 to 50 and women from 30 to 60 years old, that is, the able-bodied part of the population.
The most common winter injuries are mostly:
Sprains, sprains andushibas can be smeared with special products that help relieve swelling and pain. For example, cream-balm "Spetsmaz" restores damaged areas and speeds up the rehabilitation period.
First aid: cream-balm "Special Ointment"
Winter is not only a period of amusing games, roller coasters, but an increased injury rate for children. Carried away by the game, children forget safety. Therefore, adults have another responsibility: to be especially attentive to children.
Most common childhood injuries:
Not only children are getting ready for winter to go downhill and get their skis and skates, but also trauma centers. Ice, a long stay in the cold, non-observance of safety rules in places of winter entertainment leads to injuries of the limbs and frostbite.
According to statistics, more than 10% of people at this time of the year go to sick leave because of an injury.
Doctors identify the following types of winter injury:
In addition, hypothermia can be attributed to an unfavorable condition, which can lead to pneumonia, flu, sore throat and other diseases.
What to do in such a situation, how to properly provide assistance to the victim? How to distinguish a dislocation from a sprain or fracture? What measures can help reduce the risk of injury in winter? The article will be devoted to these questions. In other words, a memo for parents, preschool educators and teachers, in order to conduct and organize both consultations and conversations.
Infographic provided by Child Safety Portal:
Winter sports rules for children
In case of a fall, a strong impact, damage to internal tissues and subcutaneous layers occurs. Usually, the skin is not injured. The first signal is a strong pain sensation, which subsides after 5-10 minutes. The area may feel swollen and hard to the touch. After a while, a bruise, hematoma, stiffness in movements appear.
To relieve the condition, immediately apply a cold compress of snow to the injury site. If there is a scratch, treat it with a disinfectant. To improve blood circulation, you can apply a regenerating ointment with a cooling effect. Give the injured limb an elevated position.
Tour operators in Sobank (Vladimir region). Addresses, phone numbers, modes of work of social organizations, as well as additional information including the websites of companies. Total found - 13 organizations.