Sport is a special kind of activity, associated with increased loads. Professional sports require regular release of mental stress, proper motivation, and constant personal improvement.
Sports psychology is a branch of psychology that develops diagnostic, methodological, therapeutic and preventive methods for working with athletes. It is aimed at shaping achievement motivation and creating the right emotional environment that is most suitable for a particular athlete.
The origin of sports psychology as a science began in the first half of the 20th century. For the first time, the term "sports psychology" was used by Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic movement. Until the outbreak of the First World War, almost no attention was paid to the study of the psychology of athletes.
Sports disciplines developed poorly, they were not considered as a specific type of activity. The study of certain types of physical education was carried out only on the basis of sports institutes, but the study of the capabilities of athletes was not a priority task of the leading states.
The situation changed after World War II. Experiencing economic, demographic and social decline, countries competed to prove the superiority of their political course. Sport is becoming a priority area of the economy in many countries. The victory of the national team in international competitions is seen as an opportunity for the country to change its position in the political arena. Since the second half of the 20th century, International Sports Psychology Congresses have been regularly held in Europe and America. Leading psychoanalysts strive to study the psychology of athletes in order to develop the best training methods.
The subject of the study of sports psychology is the personal characteristics of a person who is in conditions of specific activity. Sport is seen as a separate activity close to the conditions of extreme survival.
Sports activities require the use of potential, which is at the limit of possibilities.
Extreme sports activities are made by specific factors related to all sports:
Modern sport is a reflection of the model of society. The interrelation of the mechanisms regulating the life of social groups is reflected in the behavior of athletes. Knowledge of the mechanisms and the use of methods based on them can significantly increase the results, improve the training system, and minimize risks in the selection of candidates for the team.
Psychological support consists of diagnostics, prognostics and impact. The tasks of a sports psychologist working with a professional team include:
Sports psychology is a branch of social and general psychology. It appeared relatively recently. Previously, the role of a sports psychologist, like many others, was played by a coach.
Sports psychologists do not specialize in a specific sport. One specialist can successfully work with athletes of different categories. There is also no division into team specialists and individual athletes. Although it is believed that working with a team is more difficult.
Today, a sports psychologist is a popular profession. But only in Europe and America. A sports psychologist has a very varied job. But it can be divided into two directions, which are the main ones in his work: training and consulting.
Teaching direction is teaching techniques and methods from psychology to improve physical performance. As a rule, everyone studies this - coaches, individual sportsmen, teams in general. And the coaches are also trained in psychology knowledge that can help influence the players on his team.
An advisory area is helping an athlete overcome his personal problems. But according to statistics, a small number of sports psychologists are engaged in this. Because for this you need to have experience in clinical psychology and the corresponding specialization.
A sports psychologist helps to avoid burnout of the athlete, coach and team players. And if it has already appeared, a sports psychologist will be able to diagnose it in time. For this, he uses special psychological techniques. After that, he quickly brings the person back to normal, increasing professional results.
Selection of a sport for a beginner that suits him.
Elimination of anxiety and motivation before the competition.
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