The standard of living of the population is the clearest criterion of a developed state, civilization, the well-being of the country, because it is characterized not only by the volume of real incomes per capita, but also by the degree of provision of people with material and spiritual benefits.
And Spain belongs to those countries where the quality of life is quite high: the second in the world (after Japan) in terms of life expectancy, in terms of health, the Spaniards are one of the healthiest nations in the world (out of 147 countries in the world, Spain is 7th place, if compared with Russia, the Russian Federation in the list of "Rating of countries by the level of health of their inhabitants" got only 97th place, is located next to Iraq, East Timor and Madagascar, and the latter two have a situation even slightly better, according to the results of The World's Healthiest Countries 2013, prepared by the American financial and economic information agency Bloomberg), what can we say about environmental conditions, nutrition, household comfort, satisfaction with cultural and spiritual values, psychological comfort.
According to the ranking of countries in the world by the level of prosperity (he Legatum Institute. The Legatum Prosperity Index, 2013), which was conducted by the British think tank The Legatum Institute, and the Index is compiled on the basis of various 79 indicators combined in eight categories that reflect various aspects of social life and parameters of public welfare: economy, entrepreneurship, management, education, health care, security, personal freedoms, social capital, etc., Spain took 23rd place, and Russia - 61.
In Spain, the comfort of living is high, the rule of law is in effect, and for everyone, compliance with laws, norms, rules is mandatory. For those who have found in this country a cozy home of their own, a harbor for a life-affirming image, a quiet sunny paradise, who have chosen to live in Spain, you need to understand that you must assimilate in society, accept its laws, traditions, join the culture, learn the Spanish language , accept the norms and rules of behavior in society.
With all the democracy and friendliness towards foreigners (extranjeros), knowledge of the Spanish language is indispensable, in spite of the knowledge of English. Here, the desire to learn, even on a conversational level, to appreciate the desire to communicate in Spanish is welcomed, indulgence and benevolence are felt.
Spain is a United Kingdom, where the state language is Spanish (castellano), while in the autonomous regions there are regional languages in which training is carried out, office work is carried out, but Spanish is the state language. The film "At Sea" (directed by Jaroslav Chevazhevsky) reflects the behavior of Russian tourists especially vividly. It is not just a comedy, but the need to understand oneself and one's behavior in other countries, it is a way to re-educate and improve oneself in the civilized world.
Social protection in Spain is thought out and improved to improve the standard of living of every person. IT-technologies are used here for convenience and in order to avoid queues, the approach to organizing and solving social issues is being improved.
For example, you will not meet corrupt officials, you should not go to the doctor, or the mayor's office, or the policeman with an "envelope" to resolve issues. If you parked your car incorrectly, the fine will “wait” tomorrow, regardless of your status and position.
Every resident of Spain counts on social protection and assistance. If you have a contract for work - social insurance and registration with Seguridad Social, that is, you have a social number, which is taken into account the days worked - work experience.
If you lose your job - you can register as unemployed, that is, become a labor exchange (paro), and receive unemployment benefits - 75% of salary - for a period not exceeding 6 months and 50% - until going to the next job. When looking for a job, they put you on record and help you find a job. If there is no job, then you receive material assistance of 420 euros for the period of job search, but not more than 6 months. If you have a social card, you get free medical care, an insurance policy - in a specific real action.
The standard of living of the Spaniards is average, there is free medicine and unemployment benefits
The global crisis in the eighth year worsened the unemployment rate, which was only 7.95 percent a year earlier. According to statistics, by the eleventh year it had grown to 21%, exceeding the European average of nine percent. The level is scattered across districts to varying degrees: the farther south, the greater the number of unemployed people.
Photo: Spanish unemployment rate
The highest rate is in Andalusia, where almost every third inhabitant is not employed in any sector of the economy. The atmosphere among the Basques and in Navarre is much better. Today the conditions are such that there are jobs, but their level of prestige is so low that the Spaniards do not want to work in such industries. Many Spaniards who have received a good education are now unemployed, or receive about 1,000 euros a month.
Under Franco, the country had a system to support the poor, the elderly and the unemployed. But it turned out to be not entirely clear in terms of the distribution of financial assistance. As a result, some got everything, others, as they say, were left with a nose.
Today, social policy implies deductions that workers must transfer to the social security fund. If a Spaniard suddenly finds himself on the street, then the deductions from the fund will be proportional to the contributions that were made earlier. The allowance can only be received for two years, and the calculation is based on income.
Spanish women retire at sixty and men five years later. The amount of the pension will depend on the payments previously made to the pension fund.
As for maternity leave, usually women leave 6 weeks before the expected birth and spend 16 weeks in it, in case of the birth of several children, it is extended by two weeks. Fathers can also go on short maternity leave - as little as four weeks.
We can only silently envy the Spanish healthcare system. All components of the work in this area work in all regions in almost the same way - at the highest level. In terms of the quality of these services, today the country is on the seventh line in the list of all countries in the world.
Of course, in Spain there is a network of private clinics, but, as a rule, the level of public services in this area of public life is so good that the population rarely applies for paid help, except when the help of an ophthalmologist is required or a dentist. These specialists do not work on a budgetary basis.
Holidays in Spain are one of the most interesting and attractive travel destinations. After one or two weeks in this beautiful country, you will get a lot of positive emotions and take with you a massive baggage of vivid memories.
Along with a mild and warm climate, the country has a well-developed tourist infrastructure. Reasonable prices and varied cuisine are likely to please too. We must not forget that Spain is the birthplace of fascinating bullfighting and fiery flamenco, it is famous for centuries-old traditions and rich history.
Let's not torment the reader with long introductions and immediately begin to consider the main advantages and disadvantages of recreation in the country of conquistadors.
Spain. Bolear Islands
Of course, compared to the pluses, the disadvantages look plain, but they are still there.
Spain will be an excellent choice for anyone who appreciates the sea, warmth, delicious food, wine and fiery dances. Spanish cities are ready to offer vacations for all tastes and young people and couples with children and even elderly people.
Whichever region of Spain you choose, you will surely want to return to this beautiful country again and again.
A week after the attacks in Catalonia, Spain's Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, Luis de Guindos Jurado, said that the incident did not have a serious impact on the kingdom's tourism industry.
“This did not significantly affect tourism,” the minister said, referring to the terrorist attacks in Barcelona and Cambrils.
As a reminder, on August 17, a van drove into a crowd of people in the Rambla pedestrian area in Barcelona. The Islamic State * terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack. Later that day, a similar incident occurred in Cambrils, 120 kilometers from the Catalan capital. According to the latest data, as a result of the terrorist attacks in Spain 15 people were killed, 130 were injured.
All suspects in the terrorist attacks in Barcelona and Cambrils are Moroccans, so after the tragedy, Spanish citizens took to the streets to protest against migrants. In response, a demonstration in support of the newcomers took place.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy wrote on his Twitter microblog the day after the attacks that the city “will continue to be an example of openness and hospitality,” despite the tragedy.
#Barcelona cuenta con el afecto y el abrazo de todos los españoles. La ciudad seguirá siendo un ejemplo de apertura y hospitalidad pic. witter. om/2OUeCSi0SX
The Prime Minister of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, for his part, noted that the terrorist attack was not even directed against tourists, but against a certain lifestyle, which involves traveling the world, discovering something new. He also noted that he was "pleasantly surprised" when he saw tourists in the center of Barcelona near the site where the attack took place. This means that people are not scared and will continue to come to Catalonia.
According to the European Tourism Association (ETOA), agencies note only a few cases of cancellation of tours to Spain. No airline has canceled flights to Barcelona. The Association of Tour Operators of Russia reported only a slight decrease in sales in this direction.
According to the latest statistics, in 2016 Spain, a country with a population of about 47 million people, was visited by more than 75 million tourists. In the first six months of this year, the number of visitors compared to last year increased by 12%, that is, in six months the Iberian Peninsula was visited by 36.4 million people. In June alone, 8.4 million foreigners rested here. The most popular destinations are Catalonia, the Canary and Balearic Islands.
On the one hand, Spain has long been a tourist Mecca in Europe, and this area is one of the main sources of income for the kingdom. But the active development of tourism also has a downside. Vacationers bring money to the state, but at the same time they cause anxiety to local residents.
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