The most painful crisis hurts the most vulnerable. Almost 40% of Russians - mostly people over 60 years old, those with low incomes, people with disabilities and large families - complain about the high cost of goods and services. One of the main reasons for their emigration is the desire to satisfy at least their basic needs. This is why social security in Germany is sometimes a decisive factor in choosing this country to relocate in 2021. There, a social security system in the form of insurance and various kinds of subsidies appeared at the end of the 19th century.
The German Social Code (Sozialgesetzbuch) is the main regulatory document that regulates the provision of residents of the country. It consists of 12 sections that regulate certain types of social security, therefore, benefits are usually called by the section number in the Code, for example, SGB-XI.
In addition, social legislation includes a number of additional laws on certain types of social assistance. According to these legal acts, the main types of social security are pensions, benefits, subsidies and compensations.
The social security system in Germany is based on the principle of compulsory insurance: pension, medical, disability. The financial base of the system is insurance premiums.
You can learn more about the German insurance system by reading the article “Insurance in Germany: types and methods of registration”.
There are several support modes, the main one being professional. In this case, contributions are paid by both parties to the employment relationship.
Almost all types of social insurance have an individual payment limit. All funds go to a special fund, from where they are redistributed in the form of social benefits.
The amount of payments depends on the region of residence of the recipient. The country is still divided into "old" (the territory of the former Germany) and "new" (former GDR) lands. Benefits for residents of old lands are slightly higher.
The annual funding of the benefits costs the German budget an unimaginable amount. Only for the maintenance of a million-strong army of refugees is allocated 25-55 billion euros per year. According to the Institute for World Economy, in the next 7 years Germany will allocate a total of 385 billion euros. The amount of benefits, benefits and subsidies for families with children is more than 200 billion euros per year.
Given the enormous social spending, Germany welcomes the work of volunteers who provide gratuitous aid to the state and save significant amounts of money.
How to travel to Germany as a volunteer read here.
The peculiarities of social work in Germany involve not only providing for the needy, but also, if possible, activating the physical and spiritual potential of those who are not indifferent to the needs of others.
Many guidebooks talk about Bavarian folklore and customs of the inhabitants of the Alps. In this area are located the Olympic ski resort Garmisch-Partenkirchei and the fairytale castle Neuschwanstein - one of the palaces of the Bavarian sleepwalking king Ludwig II. There are fewer tourists in the western part of the Alps, prices are lower here in part because it is not so easy to come here from Munich for the weekend.
Between the Forggensee basin and the Ammer mountains, about 100 kilometers from Munich, Füssen and the neighboring town of Schwangau are located, from where it is convenient to go to two of the most famous castles in Bavaria. Hohenschwangau Castle was built in the 12th century and rebuilt in the 19th century, where Ludwig II spent his youth. In his bedroom, the monarch painted the ceiling with stars.
Neuschwanstein Castle Ludwig ordered to build a little higher in the mountains. When Ludwig died, the castle was not completed, becoming a monument to this lonely man. The nearest hostel is located in Füssen, Mariahilferstr 5. The tourist office is located at Kaiser-Maximilan-Platz 1 in Füssen, where you can book a hotel room or private accommodation. The Romantic Road from Würzburg to Augsburg ends in Füssen, which is used by tourist buses during the season.
Garmisch-Partenkirchen is especially famous in the German Alps, in part because it sits at the foot of the highest mountain, the Zugspitze (2,966 meters), and because it hosted the 1936 Winter Olympics. There are excellent conditions for sports, primarily skiing and skiing, there are many hotels, a full list of which can be obtained from the travel agency, Richard-Strauss-Platz 2. The climb to the Zugspitze by rail and cable car (42 euros and 33 euros in winter) will be especially remembered.
The town of Mittenwald is less like a resort and is located 15 kilometers from Munich. Climbing the Karwendl mountain is popular, from the top of which you can see a delightful view, a cable car is laid here (both ends € 19). The tourist office is located at Dammkarstr 3, where you can get free maps of the region. In addition, there are many good guesthouses such as Franziska, Innsbrucker Str. 24, and Schwalbennestle, Groblweg 34. The nearest campsite is located 3 kilometers north on the road to Garmisch.
In the southeast of Bavaria lies Berchtesgaden, surrounded by mountains, which seems like a fabulous vision in the morning, when fog rises over the lakes, enveloping the wooded valleys and rocky mountains. The town is located 23 kilometers north of the Austrian Salzburg and is easily accessible by train from Munich. Especially attractive is the Konigssee lake at the foot of the Watzmann mountain, 5 kilometers south of the city. There are regular buses and water trips all year round (€ 13.80 round trip).
Using the cable car, you can climb Jenner, who soared over the lake (18 euros there and back). Berchtesgaden is invariably associated with the name of A. Hitler, who rented a house in the neighboring village of Obersalzberg, which later turned into the large Berghof estate, where the Führer received important foreign guests. The estate was destroyed by the allies' advance, and the ruins are now overgrown. In Kölstein, Hitler's "Eagle's Nest" has survived, where a restaurant is now located; you can get here by a special bus from Obersalzberg (from May to mid-October, 14 euros).
Berchtesgaden has excellent mountain routes and few tourists in summer. Maps of tourist routes can be purchased at the tourist office in front of the train station (Monday-Friday 8. 0-17. 0/18. 0, Saturday 8. 0/9. 0-12. 0/17. 0; from late June to mid-October also Sundays 9.0-15.0). If you stay here for more than a day, the room rate is reduced. Pensions such as the hospitable Haus am Hang, Gollsteinbichl 3, and Haus Achental, Ramsauer Str. 4, where all the rooms are with bathrooms. The travel agency can direct you to five campsites in the valley.
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