Canadians mentality

Features of the Work and Study program in Canada

The mentality of Canadians has been shaped by several factors for many years. The most important is the large flow of migrants, as well as the indigenous population, which is based on Indian tribes - aborigines (mestizo), Inuit (Eximos) - the first tribe of Nations, Hurons, Iroquois. In this regard, an important feature of the Canadian mentality has developed - equality.

Equality of nationalities

There are no second-class people here, as most Canadians are from other nationalities who came here yesterday, a year ago, or thirty years ago. It doesn't matter whether you are European or African, what social position you occupy in society, how old you are, what is your level of well-being, where you were born.

The Constitution, adopted back in 1982, states that all persons are equal before the law and have the right to equal protection without discrimination and, in particular, without any division on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin , skin color, religion, gender, age, mental or physical condition. It would never occur to Canadians to taunt a person with mental disorders, poor people who cannot afford to buy a vehicle, or who are not smart enough.

Canadians' special attitude to equality implies another feature of their character - individuality.


Canadians have a twofold attitude towards individuality. On the one hand, they are respectful of all the people around them. It is not customary to discuss someone behind the eyes, unless, of course, the person is a criminal. In Canada, a person is valuable in himself as a person, regardless of his shortcomings and characteristics of development.

On the other hand, Canadians do not like to be the center of attention, so they prefer modest, discreet clothes to individual styles, so as not to stand out from the general background. For this reason, it can be difficult to determine the social position of a person in society.


Canadians are friendly and generally positive. They are used to smiling, not embittered, but they behave modestly. People rarely express their emotions too violently, and if they see a person talking loudly with their interlocutor or on the phone, they immediately try to find out the cause of the conflict.

For people who are used to expressing their emotions openly, life in Canada can seem special at first. However, soon you get used to the calmness of the Canadians.

Canadians are also passive by nature, hate fussing and prefer to keep their opinions to themselves. However, if they awaken, they can become a powerful force. For example, the International Ice Hockey Tournament is a surefire way to awaken the land of the maple leaf.

Thousands of foreign students come to Canada in order to get not only a quality education, but also experience in the international labor market. One of the best ways to combine study and work is the Work and Study program in Canada, in which students receive professional education, improve their English or French skills, and learn how to apply knowledge in practice.

Is it possible to study and work in Canada at the same time

For foreign students in colleges in Canada, a special Work and Study program ("Work and Study" or CO-OP) has been developed, which gives the right to work in the country while studying. You can find a job and receive a salary from the first day of training. The program consists of theoretical and practical parts.

During the period of attending classes, you can work 20 hours a week. During the internship, it is allowed to work full-time (40 hours per week).

Characteristic features of the Work and Study program:

  • the duration of study is from 1 year;
  • at the end of the program, you can continue your studies, get a work visa and stay to work, apply to obtain permanent resident status;
  • tuition can be paid in installments, but in order to obtain a visa, it is advisable to pay for the course in full.

Colleges offer training in various areas:

  • Business Management - Business Management;
  • Hotel Management - Hospitality Management;
  • International Trade - International Trade;
  • Information Technology - Information Technology;
  • Media Marketing - Social Media Marketing.

Assistance in employment is provided by the program coordinator. You can find a job on the Job Bank website.

In colleges, job fairs are constantly held, which provide an opportunity to meet representatives of different companies. Just like the Work and Travel USA program, students are offered vacancies mainly in the service sector.

Work in Canada for students is available in the following places:

  • restaurants, fast foods, cafes - waiter, cashier, pastry chef, chef's assistant;
  • amusement parks - lifeguard, ticket seller, administrator;
  • supermarkets, shops - seller, manager, cashier;
  • hotels - maid, administrator, waiter;
  • national parks - guide - tour guide, cashier, ticket seller.

Take a sociological survey!

To become a participant in the program, you must meet the following requirements:

  • age - from 18 to 35 years old;
  • education - at least complete secondary;
  • knowledge of French or English at the Intermediate level or higher (you must pass a test of knowledge of the language);
  • availability of funds necessary for studying and living in Canada (at least 25,000 Canadian dollars);
  • there must be no refusals to enter Canada in the previous 6 months;
  • no criminal record.

Working in Canada, a country founded and built by immigrants, attracts hundreds of thousands of foreigners every year. Legal employment allows you to obtain a residence permit under a simplified scheme. The Canadian government attracts immigrants with special programs, thanks to which the number of Canadians is constantly growing. Together with the influx of workers, the country's well-being increases and its image in the world improves.

The economic situation of the country

Canada is a state with a post-industrial economy and a GDP per capita of more than 51 thousand dollars a year. The unemployment rate is slowly declining and averaged 5.9% as of late spring 2021, depending on the province. In areas focused on exporting commodities, unemployment is higher due to the decline in activity in the extractive industries around the world.

The country is experiencing an increase in hidden unemployment and an uneven distribution of the number of forcedly unemployed citizens. Competition in the labor market is quite high.

On the other hand, employers are less likely to fire workers, preferring to transfer them to shorter working hours with a slight increase in hourly wages. In addition, there is an unemployment insurance system in Canada.

The economy is one of the highly developed. This means that in Canada, first of all, there is a high demand for qualified and experienced specialists in knowledge-intensive fields. For them, separate immigration programs have been created and are working here.

To determine your eligibility, you can fill out a form on the official Canadian government portal.

In-demand specialties

The Government of Canada regularly updates the list of in-demand professions. The sheet includes about 500 items in accordance with the accepted national classification. You can get acquainted with it on the website.

Each specialty is assigned a specific code that allows:

  • to find out the details of the type of work;
  • to learn about the requirements for training and education;
  • to get acquainted with examples of job offers in the specialty.

The number of places in the programs is limited, and there are quotas for certain professions.

The Express Entry program accepts representatives of the following specialties:

  • middle managers;
  • medical professionals: nurses, laboratory technicians, doctors , veterinarians, masseurs, nutritionists, dentists, physiotherapists, orderlies and pharmacists;
  • engineers, technicians and builders of various specializations;
  • lawyers, biologists, oceanographers, meteorologists, managers of various fields, teachers , physicists and programmers.

From the very beginning of its existence, Canada has been a country of migrants. Today, more than 61% of the population of this state does not consider themselves Canadians. And the number of such people is constantly increasing. About 250,000 foreigners enter Canada every year who want to stay here forever.

The country's authorities are extremely interested in the influx of immigrants, because without them it would be impossible to develop vast territories, most of which are practically not inhabited by people. But this does not mean that anyone can come to Canada and get a well-paid job. Potential labor migrants will have to overcome many difficulties. How can you go this way with minimal loss of time and money?

A Brief Overview of the Canadian Labor Market

Canada is a federal state with a high level of independence of its constituent provinces. Each of them has its own characteristics of labor legislation. This is especially evident in the French-speaking province of Quebec, whose authorities have their own offices abroad.

Canada has two official languages ​​- English and French. But for successful employment in most provinces, knowledge of English will be sufficient. Only migrants wishing to find work in Quebec need to be fluent in French.

Knowledge of the language must be confirmed by a certificate of passing an international test. A foreign worker applying for employment in the English-speaking provinces must pass the General IELTS Test and score at least 4.5 points.

Important nuances of labor legislation

According to Canadian law, a working day cannot last more than 13 hours, and a week - 48 hours. By agreement with the employee, the duration of the working week can be increased to a maximum of 60 hours. Moreover, labor activity over 44 hours must be paid in double amount.

All employees of Canadian businesses have a mandatory 30 minute break every 5 hours

The first three months of work in the company are considered probationary. During them, the management has the right to dismiss the employee without warning. After the end of the probationary period, he must be warned of the upcoming reduction one week in advance.

All working Canadian residents are granted annual paid leave of at least 14 days. For employees who have worked at one enterprise for more than 5 years, its duration is increased to 21 days.

The most demanded specialties and professions

Russians are increasingly thinking about the possibilities of living abroad, choosing countries with a developed economy and a high standard of living. Often the choice falls on Canada, which is considered an attractive immigration destination. The country is developing and prospering non-stop, taking first positions in the ratings of the best places to live every year.

The main advantage of the state in the eyes of immigrants is high salaries for everyone and a loyal attitude towards visitors. But before you go to pack your things for an early move, you should make sure that Canada is suitable for this from all sides. An alignment between Russia and Canada, why do Russians go to the country of the "maple leaf" for permanent residence?

Russians in Canada: peculiarities of life

Diaspora and Russian Societies

Due to the fact that Russians migrated to Canada for various reasons, have differences in political and ideological preferences, they are heterogeneous, do not seek to unite with “their own” - a certain degree of detachment, aggravated by age differences, remains unconquered.

On the part of the immigrants, there have been repeated attempts to create a full-fledged Russian diaspora. And yet, it was not possible to collect any significant backbone and unite people around it. Many old-timers reason in this way: “they didn’t help us, why on earth should we help in adaptation?”. Therefore, it is more appropriate to talk about the existence of scattered Russian-speaking communities. Often, Orthodox churches in Canada become the center of attraction, where even atheists come to informal meetings.

The communities provide legal assistance, teach children the Russian language, literature and organize cultural events. The Humanitarian House helps with filling out documents and opening accounts.

Chances of Immigration

Whichever country you are leaving (Russia, Ukraine or Belarus), you should evaluate the chances in advance. Relocation opportunities are significantly increased if you qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker program. To immigrate in this way, you need to have a specialty included in the list of in-demand professions, and a minimum work experience of more than a year, which will give additional points for emigration from Russia.

You can immigrate to Canada through the Federal Skilled Trades program. Specialties are considered in the following categories:

  • electricity, industry, construction;
  • equipment operation;
  • agriculture, resource extraction;
  • utilities;
  • chefs;
  • bakers and butchers.

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