Actual problems of legal support of tourism in Russia

Actual problems of legal support of tourism in Russia

The article presents the results of a study of Russian legislation in the field of tourism. It is noted that the initial experience of legal support contributed to the legalization and rapid development of public relations in the field of tourism in market conditions. At the same time, the analysis of law enforcement practice revealed a number of problems that hinder the further development of all types of travel. Based on the analysis, the author tried to formulate and substantiate the main directions for improving the quality of legal regulation of tourism in the near future of the country's development.

A doctrinal (theoretical) analysis of the current legislation on tourism is relevant for three reasons. First, it allows you to systematize the rule of law. Secondly, it helps to determine the effectiveness of law enforcement practice in the industry of interest to us. And, thirdly, it provides an opportunity to substantiate the main directions and ways of improving the legal support of public relations in the field of tourism and related services.

The purpose of this article is: based on the study of domestic and international legislation, analysis of law enforcement practice and abstracting of scientific articles, reveal contradictions and attempt to substantiate some ways to improve the regulatory framework in the interests of tourism development in modern conditions. Based on this, the author solves the following tasks:

1. Explore the regulatory framework and show its role in the development of tourism in modern Russia; 2. Analyze the practice of implementing legislation and reveal the main problems of legal regulation of tourism; 3. Formulate and substantiate the main directions and ways of improving the quality of regulatory and legal activities in order to further improve tourism activities.

Legal and regulatory framework of modern tourism in Russia

Modern tourism in Russia, as a socio-cultural phenomenon and a specific branch of the economy, is formed under the influence of socio-economic conditions and is consolidated in the legislative framework of the country. In Soviet times, due to the closed nature of society, tourism developed mainly as an internal one. External, outbound tourism was inaccessible for the masses.

Since the beginning of the 90s of the last century, transformations have taken place in the socio-economic life of the country, which fundamentally affected all spheres of economic, political, social and cultural activities, not leaving aside tourism. They revealed the tendencies of the country's advance towards market relations, democracy and the rule of law.

The Constitution of the Russian Federation [1] consolidated the changes that took place in the socio-economic structure of the country, established the equality of all forms of ownership, freedom of economic activity and entrepreneurship, proclaimed the right of citizens to a dignified life and development, choice of residence and freedom movement [1, Ch. -2].

This served as the constitutional basis for the active development of all types of tourism in the country. The leading role in the implementation of constitutional provisions and legislative support of modern tourism was played by the adoption on November 24, 1996 of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation "On the Basics of Tourist Activity in the Russian Federation" [4].

It fulfilled the urgent need of society for democracy, expansion of personal, civil, social and cultural rights and freedoms. The law legalized the right of citizens to freedom of movement and internal and external travel. At the same time, an attempt was made to bring domestic legislation closer to international law on freedom of travel and travel.

The laws "On the Government of the Russian Federation" [24], "On the general principles of the organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of state power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation" [27] and "On the general principles of organization of local self-government in RF ”[13] consolidated the democratic foundations of state power, carried out the separation of powers of federal, regional and local authorities, increased their independence and freed the life of society and citizens, including in the field of tourism, from state-monopoly dependence. There are ample opportunities for the free, market development of tourism and the related industry of social, cultural and hotel services.

As a result, positive trends immediately emerged. Regional and local authorities contributed to the development of tourist, hotel and socio-cultural services and the implementation of tourist programs, as a result of which various forms of small business in tourism became widespread and the number of citizens taking part in travel, especially of an outbound nature, increased many times over. By the beginning of 2000, the annual trips of Russian citizens abroad amounted to more than 18 million annually [25, p. four].

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