The spa town of Amsterdam: the capital of the Netherlands

Russian Netherlands

Fans of St. Petersburg, of course, will say that most of the reminders of Holland have been preserved in the city on the Neva. However, it is worth noting that it was with Moscow that the long-standing friendship of our states began. Even Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich in 1646 sent plenipotentiary ambassadors to the Netherlands to establish strong ties. The surviving memories of the Dutch traveler Jan Struis, who visited Russia in the middle of the 17th century and later wrote a detailed book about exotic Muscovy, also testify to mutual interest.

"Doctor cattle" - the first head physician

“All Muscovites have the same religion and clothing (by which they are distinguished from other peoples), with strange habits and customs that are not accepted and unusual among other peoples. They wear shirts over their underpants and tie them up below the navel. (.) They do not pray on their knees, saying that this situation is not pleasing to God. (.) Fullness (and the thicker, the better) is considered beauty for them ”- this is how Strøis described the inhabitants of the Mother See.

At the end of the 17th century in the German settlement of Moscow, many Dutch people constantly lived, and it so happened that many of them were surrounded by young Peter I. It is believed that personally visit Holland and get acquainted there with the latest achievements of science and technology the young tsar was advised by a resident of the German settlement and the future admiral Franz Lefort (whose name is now immortalized in the name of the capital's district of Lefortovo). He was not Dutch, but he spent a significant part of his life in this country and infected the Russian tsar with love for her. As you know, Peter visited Holland twice, and on his first visit in 1697-1698. hired almost a thousand craftsmen to serve there, and in subsequent years he actively invited various specialists and scientists to Russia.

One of them was Dr. Nikolai Bidloo, who appears in Russian sources as. "Dr. Cattle", nephew of the renowned professor of medicine and anatomy at the Leiden Academy. In Russia, Bidloo became the court physician of Peter and the founder of the first permanent military "hospital" (now the Burdenko Main Military Clinical Hospital at 3 Hospital Square) ➊.

The annual salary of "Dr. Cattle" in Moscow was 2,500 guilders - much more than the professors of medicine in his homeland received at that time. The Dutchman was also granted considerable land.

An archival document of 1710 has been preserved, which contains Bidloo's request to the king: “Most Reigning Tsar, Most Gracious Sovereign. I worked with you for the Great Sovereign in the doctors' offices with all loyalty, but I have no country yard, and near the hospital yard to the Semyonovskaya Slobodka, the land lies in vain, no one has been given for a building. Most merciful sir, I ask you to give me that land for a country yard. henceforth for possession. " The estate of the chief physician has not survived, but on the territory of the military hospital there is a monument to Peter I and Bidloo.

Dutch Houses

But this is not the only Dutch house in Moscow. Another one is located in the Kuskovo estate (Yunosti st., 2, building 12) ➌. It was built in 1749 by Count Peter Sheremetev, whose father traveled to Holland with Peter I. The house served as a gallery for paintings by Flemish artists and had a garden with dozens of tulip varieties. Now you can see rooms with Dutch interiors - antique furniture, elegant dishes.

By the way, this house has a twin brother on the territory of New Moscow - in the Voronovo estate (Voronovo settlement) ➍, which once belonged to the mayor of the capital Fyodor Rostopchin. The author of this house is also known - the famous architect of the 18th century Karl Blank. By the way, it is impossible to get to the Voronovsky house on an excursion, as to the Kuskovsky house, but it is possible in it. live. The fact is that the Voronovo estate with all its buildings is a sanatorium and rooms are rented here. There are suites in the Dutch house!

Church and Skyscraper Builders

The tour operator "VEDI TURGROUP" has been offering various tours to the picturesque and vibrant Netherlands for 7 years. This country has great tourism potential and offers tourists a number of opportunities for an interesting and memorable trip. We analyze with "LEAD TURGROUP" everything you need to know about the direction: sales accents, flight program, hotels, excursions. And we get acquainted with the novelty - the author's tour, the most saturated excursion tour "Not with tulips alone, or Such a different Holland!"

Author's excursion tour

For those wishing to see Holland in all its charm, dissimilarity and multifaceted beauty, the tour operator "VEDI TURGROUP", the Dutch Alliance and the KLM airline present a novelty of the season - the author's excursion tour "Not with tulips alone, or So different Holland!" This 7-day tour will allow you to immerse yourself in the romantic autumn atmosphere of ancient cities and villages, see the famous sights of the Kingdom and just have a wonderful rest. We analyze the tour program in detail so that you can make sure that this is the ideal option for those who want to get to know Holland as much as possible in one trip.

First day: evening Amsterdam. After arriving at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and accommodation in a hotel (Artemis 4 *), tourists will have a walking tour of Amsterdam in the evening.

Second day: all sides of Amsterdam. A sightseeing tour of Amsterdam will allow you to get to know the city even closer: it will start at the central Dam Square and continue with a visit to the diamond factory. At the end of the day, everyone will go on an exciting boat trip along the canals of Amsterdam.

Day three: travel through the Dutch countryside. The day begins with a trip to the folklore village of Zaanse Schans, where tourists will see how real Dutch cheese and the famous wooden shoes - klomps - are made in pretty green village houses. After that, everyone will visit Volendam - a small fishing village on the shores of the former South Sea (now Lake Eiselmeer), whose residents wear national costumes and still live in wooden fishermen's houses. They treat guests to the freshest light-salted herring and delicious smoked eel prepared according to old recipes.

During the trip, tourists will also be able to see typical Dutch landscapes - polders, drained areas of the sea.

Fourth day: The Hague. Travelers will have a sightseeing tour of The Hague and a visit to the famous Madurodam miniature park, where you can see famous buildings, palaces and other sights of the Netherlands on a scale of 1:25.

Fifth day: Utrecht. A very busy day - a sightseeing tour of Utrecht and a visit to the botanical gardens of the University, as well as a visit to the castle de Haar - the largest in the Netherlands! It is a real medieval architectural creation with suspension bridges, towers, spiers, defensive ditches and impregnable walls. It is a true gem of the Netherlands, a masterpiece of architecture, picturesque and luxurious.

Sixth day: free time. Tourists will have an excellent opportunity to independently inspect the sights of Amsterdam and visit their places that interest.

Seventh Day: Meeting with Art and Return. Accompanied by a guide, tourists will be delivered to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, where everyone will be able to come to the arts in the branch of the State Museum at the airport (free) before departure. After that, tourists will return to Moscow.

Check in from October 22 to October 28, 2017 by 7 days/6N. Cost - 62 273 rubles/person. (868 €) (DBL). The price includes the flight (Moscow - Amsterdam - Moscow) A/K KLM, transfer according to the program of the tour, accommodation (program in the program), insurance against unbearable and medical, excursions according to the tour program.

Which tourist offer a tour of the Netherlands? @

If you just moved to the Netherlands or think about jumping on the train to visit within a few days, you probably wonder that at 10 Most special events in the Netherlands are. You will be pleased to know that there is a lot to look forward to, no matter what time of year you visit.

And the epic priests festivals, there are unique special events in the Netherlands that you will not find anywhere else: the celebrations associated with the Dutch monarchy, windmills, and tulips. These events are all fantastic ways to enjoy and get immersed in the Dutch way to do things! @@@@ P>

  • This article was written to enlighten about travel by train and was done to keep the cheapest train tickets site in the world.

Special events in the Netherlands: New Year Diving Day (Nieuwjaarsduik)

This is one of those special events in the Netherlands, which is not for the faint of heart! If you want to start a year of fresh, take a cool immersion taken on the New Year Day (New Year's Day). This Dutch festival was started by a 1960 swimming club. There are 209 seats for diving in the Netherlands you can take a dive. Despite the fact that diving in the North Sea in Scheveningen, Hague, is the most popular place with up to 60,000 people. Later, trembling swimmers are represented with a cup of Erwtensoep, warm fleshy pea soup.

Special events in the Netherlands: Chinese New Year

Do you know that in the Netherlands one of the largest Chinese communities in Europe? We believe that, of course, the place on our top 10 is most of the special events in the Netherlands! They basically live in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Hague, which has a number of events dedicated to the Chinese New Year. in Amsterdam, head to Dam Square and Nieuwmarkt/Zeedike to see dragon parades, lion dances, and fireworks. You can also attend special events at De Bijenkorf, including calligraphy workshops, musical performances, and tea ceremonies, or at the Fo Guang Shan On Hua Buddhist Temple.

The day is also about food, and in Amsterdam, you can eat deliciously at the street markets, at the Sea Palace (Europe's first floating Chinese restaurant), or at one of the many Chinese restaurants along Stormsteeg and Geldersekade. In The Hague, you will find Chinese festivals in the atrium of the town hall and in Den Haags Chinatown around Wagenstraat. You can find an event in Rotterdam leading up to the Chinese New Year, completed on a day of celebration around the Old West Chinese wijkpark and Westkruiskade Chinatown. If you are superstitious, eat a raw fish salad (yu sheng) on ​​Chinese New Year to bring good luck or FAI hai, a type of seaweed, for prosperity. Gong Xi Fa Tsai! (Happy New Year!)

Special events in the Netherlands: Keukenhof (March to May)

The Keukenhof is arguably the most famous garden in the Netherlands. Gaze in awe at the millions of colorful tulips blooming in this beautiful Dutch park from late March to mid-May. The Keukenhof, which means the kitchen garden, has been around since the 15th century and covers an extraordinary 32 hectares. These days, Keukenhof welcomes 800.00 visitors a year.

When they talk about the Netherlands, they immediately think of windmills, tulips and beer. But this is a superficial judgment. The history of the country is rich and varied; it has left many amazing monuments. Some of the sights of the Netherlands have become the country's trademark and are very popular among tourists from all over the world. So, what places should a tourist visit in the Netherlands?

What to see in the Netherlands?

The main and most interesting sights with photos and descriptions.

Canals of Amsterdam

The main attractions of the Netherlands are located in Amsterdam. The main one is the Amsterdam canals. More than a hundred water channels create a unique image of the capital, easily recognizable in any reproduction. It all started with the "Three Canal Plan", developed in 1658, and the modern version already has 165 canals connected by one and a half thousand bridges and bridges. From a bird's eye view, the waterways form 4 half-rings embracing Amsterdam. Walking along its embankments is an amazing aesthetic pleasure.

Anne Frank House & Museum

Address: Prinsengracht 263-267, 1016 GV Amsterdam

This building itself has become a historic landmark in the Netherlands since it was built in 1635. It was there, in a secret niche that Mr. Voskwijl designed, that the Frank family hid during the day. For two long years the office worked as usual during the day, drowning out sounds from behind a secret closet. And at night, the usual life of the family began, when at dinner they shared their impressions and dreams of a peaceful life. Each day is described in the diary of a 13 year old girl.

On a denunciation, Anna's family was arrested and sent to a concentration camp. In 1945, the girl died, and the diary was published by her father. The stationary part of the exposition demonstrates the details of the family's life, while the mobile part is constantly updated and dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust.


Address: Museumstraat 1, 1071 XX Amsterdam

The Rijksmuseum is one of the most visited attractions in the capital of the Netherlands, with a long line of visitors every day. The museum has been completed several times, and its collection is regularly replenished. The collection was started by Napoleon's brother, Louis. He transported it from The Hague to Amsterdam, and in 1876 construction began on the museum. Here you can admire the paintings of the Dutch Golden Age artists; vases, sets and figurines from Delft porcelain; an exposition of models of ships and doll houses. Connoisseurs of books are attracted by the library, where old tomes are located.


Amsterdam is full of old world charm, with houseboats, canals, cobbled streets and characteristic Dutch architecture that belong to another century. The city is said to have more museums per capita than any other in the world, providing a treasure trove of world-class historical information and art.

Museums dedicated to icons such as Rembrandt, Anne Frank and Van Gogh are consistently popular and the famous Rijksmuseum is reason enough for some people to visit this city, but there are also some quirky museums hinting at a modern, liberal the nature of this exciting place, such as the Amsterdam Sex Museum.

Tours to Amsterdam

Travel to Amsterdam for a vibrant nightlife, stunning art galleries, great shopping, a tempting red-light district, scenic canals, cafes selling more than coffee, and a local Heineken beer tasting.

Amsterdam also has a restaurant scene to delight gourmets, as well as a calendar teeming with exciting and creative events and festivals.

Weather in Amsterdam

The oceanic climate of Amsterdam is temperate, usually mild and humid. Winters are quite mild, although frosts are possible. It is warm in summer, but almost always hot. Temperatures in summer average between 20 C and 22 C, while in winter the average temperature is around 0 C. Cloudy days can be expected at any time of the year, and there are often light rains.

In general, the weather in Amsterdam is very changeable, and even in the middle of summer, visitors should be prepared for sudden changes in temperature. Spring and autumn in particular are unpredictable.

The best time to visit Amsterdam is in spring when the beautiful gardens are in bloom, although summer is still the peak tourist season and can be crowded.

Amsterdam attractions

Amsterdam is not only the capital of the Netherlands, but also the largest and one of the most historic cities in the country and in Europe. With a clear, fresh atmosphere, Amsterdam is ideal for walking and cycling, and most of the city's attractions are within walking distance.

A culture of artistic recognition permeates Amsterdam. Two city museums are dedicated to world famous Dutch artists: the Van Gogh Museum and the Rembrandt House. The Rijksmuseum houses a collection of 17th century Dutch artists, including Rembrandt, Vermeer and Frans Hals. These museums, as well as the Diamond Museum and the Stedelijk Museum of Contemporary Art, are located around the Museum Square.

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