April 12 is not only the day of cosmonautics, when we remember our outstanding compatriot Yuri Gagarin, on this day the legendary geographer and traveler Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky was born 180 years ago.
He became the first person who noted the amazing attractiveness of the territory and the natural potential of the current national park "Smolenskoe Poozerie", founded on April 15, 1992. On the territory of the Smolensk region there are a huge number of interesting places that attract travelers and researchers from all over the world, but not all of them have such an amazing variety of opportunities for ecological tourism. Here, in the Smolensk Poozerie, ancient history and Slavic legends are intertwined with the richest animal world, and the paths of forest inhabitants alternate with the paths of the partisans of the Great Patriotic War. Great travelers lived here, and today endlessly talented people are engaged in creativity. This is one of those unforgettable places in our region, where you must visit, and why - read in our material.
Despite the fact that the future explorer of Asia and indefatigable traveler was born on the territory of the present Pochinkovsky district, it was with Sloboda (the old name of the village of Przhevalskoe) that his life turned out to be connected. The marvelous beauty of the local nature, solitude and, most importantly, good conditions for hunting and fishing were so pleasant to Nikolai Przhevalsky that he moved here to live.
The original house where Przhevalsky lived burned down during the Great Patriotic War, but was restored and opened as a museum in 1977. Today it is the only Przewalski museum in Russia. Here is an amazing collection related to the life and multifaceted activities of Przewalski. One of the most valuable exhibits is a telescope in a leather case, on which the inscription is engraved: “From the Sovereign Heir Tsarevich N. Przhevalsky ".
The devastating fighting during the war spared nothing. Many cultural monuments were destroyed, including the house of N.M. Przhevalsky. However, in the museum you can see the miraculously preserved part of the wooden column of the Przewalski's house, on which he personally left his signature before leaving on his last journey: “August 5, 1888. Goodbye, Sloboda! " Note that although Przewalski's horses, which became famous thanks to our fellow countryman, have never been found in the central zone of Russia, you can also get to know them better in the national park. The aviary with Przewalski's horses is located right at the entrance to the village next to the Horse Yard in Przewalski. Horses are ready to welcome visitors at any time of the year and treat themselves to fresh vegetables from their hands. This year, the administration of the national park plans to equip a small ecological path to the enclosure with these Central Asian horses.
Since 2015, a program for the revival of the free-living population of bison has been in effect in the Smolensk Poozerie National Park. In ancient times, bison were found in large numbers in these places, but then they were completely exterminated. So far, the most likely to meet bison in the Smolensk region is near the feeder of the open-air cage complex for temporary overexposure of animals near the village of Gorodishche from 10:00 in the morning and from 18:00 in the evening. While there are not many bison in the park, but in the very near future the herd population may increase significantly. Now, in the forests of the national park, from large ungulates, you can find not only red deer and elk, but also European bison. The staff of the national park will tell you what these huge and powerful animals eat, what conditions they live in and what benefits they bring to nature.
The birth of each new member of the bison family does not go unnoticed. Very often the whole world chooses the nickname for the bison; residents of the Smolensk region are invited to this process. In addition, the “Adopt a Bison” program operates in the park, which attracts sponsors and allows any caring person to help improve the living conditions of these powerful animals.
“The money will be spent on annual maintenance of bison, landscaping, construction of new enclosures, veterinary services and the purchase of feed,” says Oksana Solar, head of the tourism department of the national park. Near the open-air cage complex for temporary overexposure of bison there is Vitaly Zenkovsky's "Korevskoe podvorie", where you can talk with domestic farm animals, as well as the Chewbacca dog, the hugging dog and the crested crested bird, ride horses. And, of course, to chat with a man who has traded the brilliance of the capitals for life in a small village - and is absolutely happy.
An exhibition dedicated to the 205th anniversary of the Battle of Smolensk in the Patriotic War of 1812 has been opened in the Historical Museum since August 3. The opening was attended by Elizaveta Ilyina-Skalon, a descendant of General Anton Skalon, who died during the defense of the city.
Sergey Chernyakov, head of the department for culture and tourism, told about this at a meeting with journalists. The museum employees have been preparing the exposition for two years, it presents more than 400 exhibits - genuine uniforms of soldiers of the Russian and French armies, cold steel and firearms. However, the real pride of the exhibition is the preserved staffs of St. George's banners.
“It is very significant that Elizaveta Georgievna Ilyina-Skalon, a descendant of Major General of the Russian Imperial Army Anton Antonovich Skalon, agreed to come to us from St. Petersburg, attend the opening of the exposition and, of course, visit the Lopatinsky Garden, where her great ancestor is buried, ”the head of the department noted.
The exhibition is not the only major cultural event. From 3rd to 7th September, the region will host the 10th All-Russian Film Festival of Actors-Directors "Golden Phoenix". The main venues for watching films in Smolensk, as always, are the Sovremennik and Smena cinemas, the Sharm House of Culture and the recreation center of the Gnezdovo microdistrict. The Guild of Russian Filmmakers is developing the festival program. People's Artist of the RSFSR Valentina Talyzina is expected to be the guest of the festival this year.
The head of the department also spoke about the fate of the attraction "M round view" or, as it is usually called, the "Ferris wheel", installed in Lopatinsky Garden in 1987. It exceeded its service life three times, but the licensing and technical services found it serviceable and safe over the past decades. Last year, due to the deterioration of the structures, experts made a decision to end the operation of the attraction.
On behalf of the Governor Alexei Ostrovsky, negotiations are now underway with a potential investor to replace the old Ferris wheel with a new one. If the new attraction meets all modern safety and comfort requirements, the work with the investor will continue, and a new 35-meter-high attraction with closed seats will appear in Smolensk.
Monuments of history and architecture are the heritage of the Smolensk region. Funding for their conservation is mainly carried out within the framework of the federal target program "Culture of Russia".
“Governor Alexei Vladimirovich Ostrovsky directs our department to actively participate in the federal program to attract funds to the region for the preservation and restoration of cultural heritage sites,” said Sergei Chernyakov.
In 2013-2016, 50 applications were submitted for a total amount of about 1.5 billion rubles. We managed to attract more than 62 million rubles for the restoration of the Church of the Descent of the Holy Spirit in the Flonovo estate museum. This became possible thanks to the address of the head of the region to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Government Olga Golodets. The church is scheduled to open to tourists in September.
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