Methodical development of an extracurricular activity "TRAVEL ON THE GOLDEN RING"

Where to go and what to see in the cities of the Golden Ring of Russia

Any citizen of the country knows about a tourist excursion - "The Golden Ring of Russia", which includes the most unique places and shrines of our country. Recently, interest in such trips has increased significantly, which is associated with the desire of people to better understand the cultural and historical characteristics of the people, traditions, customs, to see the art of architecture with their own eyes.

The advantage of the tour is travel by bus, when in one trip you can see over 10 cities that have had the strongest influence on the development and formation of Russian culture.

For the first time the phrase "The Golden Ring of Russia" was pronounced exactly 50 years ago, back in 1967, when the Russian art critic and journalist Yuri Bychkov thus characterized the largest cities of the northeastern part of Russia.

With his light hand, the name stuck and began to be used in line with the designation of excursion routes for those who want to visit these places. On the pages of the newspaper "Sovetskaya Rossiya", he made several small historical essays about 8 cities of Russia located northeast of Moscow. The survey was a great success, after which this phrase has confidently come into use as one of the most interesting excursion routes.

Initially, the Golden Ring of Russia consisted of 8 cities. After some time, other settlements began to be included in the list, and it grew. Which cities are included in the tourist route today?

Relatively recently, the Russian cities of Kasimov and Kaluga became part of it, thanks to which today the large "ring" includes as many as 26 settlements. Thus, the Big Golden Ring covers 8 regions of Russia.

Of course, you cannot visit all the cities in one tour, since this will take more than 1 month, which is practically unrealistic for most of the tourists. For this reason, most of the excursion tours offer to visit 8 of the largest cities during one tour: Sergiev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Ivanovo, Suzdal and Vladimir. However, these cities are quite enough to appreciate all the power and grandeur of the historical past, see cultural and architectural monuments, all kinds of historical buildings of the XII-XVIII centuries built.

Considering the scale of cities located at a distance of several hundred kilometers from each other, it is not at all necessary to strive to get to all cities in one tour. Taking into account the large number of architectural, cultural and historical monuments located in large cities, it is better not to rush here and focus not on quantity, but on quality. After all, travel should bring joy from a measured rest, and therefore you should not rush on excursions in any case.

It will take about 30-40 days to complete a full tour, so it is best to travel around ancient Russian cities on small routes that take 2-3 days, but with a tour of the most significant places. In this case, there is no doubt that the excursion will bring a lot of positive emotions and impressions, satisfy the curiosity of the most discerning tourist. The sightseeing tour usually starts from Sergiev Posad, and ends with Vladimir, however, as many have already understood, the routes can be changed at your discretion.

Traveling by car or bus?

You can travel both by private car and by sightseeing bus, and each type of transport has its own advantages. If you drive your own car, then along the way you can call in other cities and towns, stop in interesting places, turn off the path at your own discretion. This is the advantage of a personal vehicle, however, in order to stay on track, it is best to have a good GPS navigator with you.

If you go by bus, then you don't have to worry about the route and how to get to certain sights of the Golden Ring of Russia. Moreover, an experienced guide will tell you about the history of the place, which will broaden the horizons of the tourist, allowing you to better understand the history of the emergence of a particular building.

For preschoolers and pupils of grades 1-11

Record low registration fee 25 R.

THE COMMITTEE OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

VOLGOGRAD REGION

state budgetary professional educational institution

"Sebryakovsky Technological College"

Methodical development of extracurricular activities

Industrial Training Master

Pavlova Nadezhda Alexandrovna

The topic of the methodological development of the extracurricular event "Traveling along the Golden Ring" is dedicated to the history of Russia

Travel through the cities of the "Golden Ring" of Russia.

The best sights of the Golden Ring of Russia are what you need to see at least once in your life. Description, photo, how to get there, addresses, gps coordinates, markers on the map.

The Golden Ring is one of the most interesting and rich routes in Russia, as well as one of its most famous tourist "brand". It just so happened that after the devastating World War II, which rolled through the European part of the country, all the ancient cities to the west of Moscow were virtually completely destroyed. But, fortunately, the Germans were not allowed to pass east of the capital, and the unique monuments of North-Eastern Russia were not damaged in that fire (however, many of them suffered a little earlier - when the Bolsheviks decided to fight Orthodoxy and churches throughout the country). The war ended, a couple of decades passed, and in the midst of the Khrushchev thaw, the idea came to someone's bright mind that the country could receive precious convertible currency by organizing tours for foreigners to the surviving ancient Russian cities - since the interest in that era (after the Great Victory and flight of Gagarin) to mysterious Russia in the world was huge.

New Hungarian "Ikarus" were specially purchased for this venture, and they began to carry foreigners thirsting for "exotic a la rus" across Suzdal and Vladimir, Yaroslavl and Uglich, Sergiev Posad (called Zagorsk in those years) and Rostov the Great. Over time, someone noticed that the route, which began in Moscow and ended there, forms a ring through several ancient Russian cities. In fact, this is how the Golden Ring brand was born - today the most popular educational tourist route in Russia among foreigners. Over the years, only the nationality of the main guests has changed: if in the first years the Germans prevailed, nowadays the Chinese dominate by a large margin. It has already reached the point that even the guslars in Suzdal have learned Chinese numerals - so that the boys can trade discs with their music.

So, I present to the readers' attention my author's guide to the Golden Ring of Russia - the place where modern Russia was once born and in several centuries has gone from a small outskirts principality to a giant empire, whose power stretched from Warsaw to Alaska ...

Content:

The numbers of points of interest in the text correspond to their numbers on the map at the end of the article.

Holy Dormition Cathedral in Vladimir

The symbol and one of the main attractions of the Russian Golden Ring - the height of the Vladimir Assumption Cathedral (32.3 meters) surpassed even the famous St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev. The temple was built in 1158-1161 under Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky as a repository of the miraculous icon of the Vladimir Mother of God and as the main temple of all Russia, its cultural and religious center. The chronicle says that "God brought masters from all lands to Vladimir" - the white stone was brought from the Volga Bulgaria, and the walls and vaults were painted by skilful Byzantines.

Address: Vladimir, Bolshaya Moskovskaya st., 56. Coordinates: 56.273, 40.0903.

Dmitrievsky Cathedral in Vladimir

One of the masterpieces of the Vladimir-Suzdal temple architecture of the pre-Mongol period. The cathedral was built in 1194-1197 under Prince Vsevolod the Big Nest in honor of his heavenly patron Dmitry Solunsky. The simple and very harmonious appearance of the cathedral is successfully complemented by carved reliefs - unfortunately, not all of them have survived to this day in their original form. Until the second half of the 19th century, the Dmitrievsky Cathedral was part of a vast palace ensemble, which included, in addition to the temple, galleries and stair towers with sprouts to the choir.

Address: Vladimir, Bolshaya Moskovskaya st., 60. GPS coordinates: 56.2925, 40.1094.

Golden Gate in Vladimir

The Golden Ring of Russia is a popular tourist route. Everyone knows the names of Ivan the Terrible, Sergius of Radonezh, Ivan Susanin and the rulers from the Romanov dynasty. And they are all somehow connected with the cities of the Golden Ring: someone was born here, someone died, someone founded a temple or crushed the enemy.

A tour of the Golden Ring is a visit to museums-reserves, an excursion into history, and a trip to holy places to the famous icons or their copies.

Many monuments are protected by UNESCO. In Suzdal, for example, there are more than two hundred cultural sites in total.

We have described not only 8 cities that are included in the Golden Ring, but other equally interesting places - they are not officially included in the route, but are located near the main cities. It is convenient to include them in the itinerary if you are traveling on your own by car or train.

Main route

Sergiev Posad

A UNESCO site. This is the only city of the Golden Ring located in the Moscow region. It is considered the spiritual center of Russian Orthodoxy and the largest cultural center of Russia. It was here that the youth Bartholomew became the Monk Sergius of Radonezh. His relics are kept in a silver shrine in the church of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. The Tretyakov Gallery contains the Trinity icon painted by Andrei Rublev in the Trinity Cathedral of Sergiev Posad. Now in the cathedral is a copy of it, as well as hundreds of church relics.

Until 1983, the residence of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church was located in Sergiev Posad.

  • Trinity-Sergius Lavra. It is famous for the tallest bell tower in Russia - it reaches a height of 88.5 m. The famous monastery in history: here Sergius of Radonezh blessed Dmitry Donskoy for the Battle of Kulikovo, Ivan the Terrible was also baptized here.
  • Toy Museum. The museum has collected more than 150 thousand various toys from Russia, Europe, Asia and America. The toys of the royal house of the Romanovs are considered the property of the museum.
  • Krasnogorskaya Square. The shopping arcade used to be located in a building opposite the walls of the Lavra. Now there is a cafe, restaurant and tourist shops.
  • Horse yard. Earlier, on the site of the museum complex, there were monastic stables. The permanent exhibition contains values ​​from the Sergius Lavra. There are also temporary exhibitions.

Pereslavl-Zalessky

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