In the "shoes" of a fighter

History of Volgograd: history of the city and events

If today on the streets of modern cities someone sees alive the dashing hussars of the times of the Battle of Borodino, the Cossacks from the First World War, the soldiers of the Red Army, they will hardly express surprise. The popular movement of reenactors is a part of our daily life.

Every year, up to a dozen interesting reconstructions take place in the region, especially on the theme of the Great Patriotic War, the Battle of Stalingrad, which invariably attract public interest. Only this year, thanks to the efforts of history fans, Volgograd residents were able to see with their own eyes the revived episodes of our history - the capture of Field Marshal of the 6th Army of the Wehrmacht Friedrich Paulus, the battles for the Stalingrad Tractor Plant in August 1942, the landing in Stalingrad of North Sea sailors south of the Tsaritsa River in September 1942 and much more. Local reenactors, whose specialization is the history of their native land in the Middle Ages, have been delighting Volgograd residents with colorful festivals "Tsaritsyn" and "Cossack Outpost" for several years - about the first years of the founding of the Tsaritsyn fortress and the life of the Cossack military town of the 17th century.

What are modern reenactors? Why do they spend their personal time and money on "living history"? How do veterans themselves, eyewitnesses of historical events perceive such people?

Dive into the origins

According to local reenactors, historical reconstruction became a fashionable hobby in the 90s of the last century. The movement was not easy to start.

- The first club of historical reconstruction in post-Soviet Volgograd was called Krasnoarmeets, we created it in 1996, - recalls the founder of the regional movement, Volgograd resident Dmitry Zimin. - The topic concerned exclusively the events of the Great Patriotic War; several enthusiasts of military history were actively involved in the club.

Then all the actions of local reenactors were of a chamber nature, often limited exclusively to amateur video, photography in the uniform of the Red Army and Red Army commanders against the background of picturesque ruins selected for the background shooting somewhere on the outskirts of the city, symbolizing "military Stalingrad ". There were not enough funds and resources for large-scale staging. Uniforms and uniforms were sewn on their own, but it was impossible to get the models of weapons and equipment even, as they say, during the day with fire. The most large-scale action of the "Red Army" in those days was the distribution in the center of Volgograd on June 22, 1996, stylized as wartime leaflets.

Try on yourself

Obviously, historical reconstruction implies the exact reconstruction of any stories or phenomena of the past from the preserved sources. However, reconstructions were not always the lot of amateurs.

"In many cities of the pre-war USSR, heroic episodes of the Civil War were recreated for educational and propaganda purposes," says Vladimir Kulikov, a member of the "Infantryman" club, employee of the "Battle of Stalingrad" panorama museum. - For such "amusing" performances, not only ordinary pioneers or Komsomol members were involved, but also regular soldiers of the Red Army. In Stalingrad, for example, back in the 30s, the authorities recreated the “Heroic Defense of the Red Tsaritsyn”. Children's patriotic organizations of those years enthusiastically played Budyonny's Campaigns. Nowadays, the opportunity to "live" in the "shoes" of a Red Army soldier is not a cheap pleasure. Diving into the past costs from 30 thousand rubles. So much will have to pay for the purchase of a factory "reenactment" uniform. Moreover, this is the price of summer sets. Winter ones are one and a half times more expensive.

To purchase the uniform of a Wehrmacht soldier, you need to pay at least 40 thousand rubles. But even nowadays, many sew the form on their own.

Attracting more than a million tourists a year - this is the goal set by the regional authorities. The task is ambitious, in order to realize it, it is necessary to master a variety of tourist destinations, to look for new unusual approaches to the formation of tourist flows. They can be legends and mysterious places of our region. And we have this wealth in abundance!

Medveditskaya ridge

Where is located: Zhirnovsky district. 20-25 km east of the regional center Zhirnovsk.

What is known: What is not told about these places! Allegedly, mysterious things are found there, and that the engines of cars and helicopters stall, the compass jams, strange phenomena and visions occur there that this place is simply adored by fireballs, the number of which exceeds any other region in Russia ...

Interesting fact: Since 2016, a festival of lovers of the anomalous has been held in these places.

Cossack theater building

Where is located: Volgograd, Voroshilovsky district.

What is known: The building of the Volgograd Music and Drama Cossack Theater was built in 1862 by the construction team of the Tsaritsyn timber merchant A.M. Shlykov for public needs. According to one of the legends, the merchant Shlykov built this building in memory of his daughter who drowned in the Volga. On the facade of the building, you can clearly see the bas-relief images of the faces of a young girl and an old man. It is believed that the girl's bas-relief is a portrait of Shlykov's daughter, and the gray-haired old man on the pediment is the cruel god of waters Poseidon, who took his daughter away from her father.

There are rumors that the ghosts of the merchant and his daughter still live in the theater building.

Martian Sands

Where is located: Olkhovsky district.

History of Volgograd: history of the city and events

Tsaritsyn-Stalingrad-Volgograd

Around 1555, a settlement was founded on the site of today's Volgograd. For the first time, the mention of a city called Tsaritsyn is found in history materials, starting in 1589.

Marina on the Volga

The name of the city comes from the Tsaritsa River, which flows into the Volga. Apparently, it was based on the Tatar expression "sari-su", meaning "yellow river" or "sari-chin", which translates as "yellow island". And this is explained by the fact that the Russian settlement that originally appeared on Tsaritsyn Island, which was a wooden fortress, was intended to defend a strategically important place on the Volga route, which is the junction of the Volga and Don, from bandits and steppe nomads wandering along the Volga shores.

The beginning of the 17th century was tragic for Tsaritsyn - the settlement burned down, and was later rebuilt in 1615, only this time on the right side of the Volga, under the leadership of the governor M. Solovtsov. Trade and ambassadorial ships flying the flags of different states enjoyed the protection of the fortress. During the time of False Dmitry I, in 1606, Tsaritsyn was captured by the Volga Cossacks, who here proclaimed one of them Tsarevich Peter. In the future plans of the Cossacks was to go to the capital, but at that moment False Dmitry died, and they had to abandon their intentions.

In 1667-1672. Tsaritsyn's garrison was on the side of Stepan Razin. In Tsaritsyno, the salt and fish trade was quite lively, and in 1691 the customs office started working here. The Don Cossacks, led by V. Bulavin and I. Nekrasov, seized the city for a short time in 1707, but they were quickly driven out of there by government troops that arrived in time from neighboring Astrakhan.

In 1722 and 1723, a significant event happened for the city - Tsar Peter I visited him, and he liked the city so much that he decided to present it as a gift to his wife Catherine I. Another fire that destroyed Tsaritsyn , occurred in 1727. Over the next four years, the city was rebuilt and fortified anew. It even received the high status of the center of the Volga-Don military line. Twice in 1774 the city was besieged by E. Pugachev, but he resisted and did not give up.

Tsaritsyno panorama

Since 1708, Tsaritsyn was subordinate to the Kazan province, but during the 18th century he had to change his "citizenship" several times, being assigned either to the Astrakhan province - from 1719, then to the Saratov governorate - from 1773 of the year. Since 1780, he acquired the status of a district town in the Saratov governorship (later - a province).

The beginning of the 19th century was marked by the emergence of industry - one by one factories began to appear in Tsaritsyn: candle and brick factories, mustard and beer factories. The city became the focus of five postal roads. And in 1862 the Volga-Don railway was introduced between Tsaritsyn and Kalach-on-Don. In 1879, the railway service was extended to the city of Gryaz, and later to Moscow. In 1897, with the help of railway lines, Tsaritsyn had a connection with the North Caucasus, passing through Tikhoretsk. In 1900, trains were already running between Tsaritsyn and Donbass.

The development of river shipping was not lagging behind - quite a few shipping companies had their own agencies in Tsaritsyn. Since 1880, the largest oil storage facilities in Russia have been built here. In addition to commercial and passenger ships, the construction of large-capacity barges for the transport of kerosene began. Woodworking also developed - by the beginning of the 20th century, there were only about 15 sawmills in the city. In general, at this time Tsaritsyn had already entered the number of industrial centers of the country - more than 230 enterprises of various kinds worked in it. Among them are flour mills and woodworking, mustard, mechanical, iron foundry, salt mills and others. Banks were opened and telephones were installed in the city.

Infrastructure

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