In the Orthodox and Catholic Churches, the same sacraments operate, but the rituals of their performance are somewhat different. There are seven sacraments in both churches - baptism, anointing (confirmation), repentance (confession), communion (Eucharist), marriage, priesthood, and anointing of anolescence. Differences in the performance of rituals are mainly due to the historically established forms of the implementation of the sacraments and church legal prescriptions.
The difference between this sacrament lies in the fact that the Catholics perform the ritual by pouring water on the head of the baptized person three times, and in the Orthodox Church the rite is performed by three times immersion in water. Both churches instruct believers to baptize children shortly after birth. And adults who want to be baptized must prepare for this sacrament and undergo catechesis. Translated from the Greek language, catechesis literally means "oral teaching." That is, a person, before being baptized, studies the basics of the Christian faith, the sacraments and dogmas of the church. This approach contributes to a conscious communion with the church and its ordinances.
“Orthodox and Catholic doctrines must be imagined by every Christian. Another question is that both in Orthodoxy and in the Catholic Church, the process of catechesis depends on local conditions, but, in principle, catechesis itself is performed by both Catholics and Orthodox, "says the priest, dean of the Faculty of History of St. Tikhon Humanitarian University Andrey Posternak.
In the Orthodox Church, chrismation is performed immediately after baptism (including infants), while in the Catholic Church, confirmation is postponed until the age when a person accepts faith fully consciously. The right to perform chrismation belongs only to bishops and priests.
“Catholics have two sacraments - the sacrament of baptism and the sacrament of chrismation. In the Orthodox Church, they are performed at the same time. If an infant or adult is baptized, both ordinances are performed at once. And among Catholics, if babies are baptized, then he is not immediately chrismated. This sacrament occurs upon reaching a conscious age, about 13-14 years old, and is called confirmation. This is a special sacrament, with chrismation. During the confirmation, the Holy Mysteries of Christ are first received. Babies are not given communion in the Catholic Church. In Orthodoxy, this is not accepted, since chrismation is performed immediately, then the child can be given communion immediately. If a child grows up in a church family, then he, therefore, is not devoid of church mysteries, "- says the priest.
There are differences in the conduct of divine services in both churches. According to Posternak, only one Mass is celebrated in the Catholic Church almost all the time - an analogue of our divine liturgy. Mass can be celebrated several times at any time of the day in the same church, but this is not customary in the Orthodox tradition.
“Liturgy can be performed in one church only in one altar and only once a day. It usually goes away in the morning, because everyone takes communion on an empty stomach. In addition to liturgies, a large number of services are performed in the Orthodox Church - these are evening services, all-night vigils and morning ones. Catholics do not have this, they sometimes perform a prayer dedicated to the Mother of God, which is called the "Rosary". And Catholics do not have all-night vigils, morning and evening services. There are also no prayers, akathists, Catholics perform them extremely rarely, on some special occasions. In addition, Catholics have translated all liturgical texts into national languages. The traditional Latin language, in which services were performed with Catholics in the Middle Ages, is practically no longer used in worship. In every church in a Catholic country, you can hear the service in your native language. In an Orthodox church, services are still performed in the Church Slavonic language, ”says Posternak.
During services, Catholics usually kneel while Orthodox parishioners usually stand.
Repentance or Confession
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