Religious tourism in Greece: Byzantine shrines alive, not in textbooks

What religion prevails in modern Greece

The state religion in Greece is Orthodoxy. It is practiced by about 98% of the country's population. According to the constitution, all citizens have the right to freedom of choice of religion, however, propaganda of other religious denominations is prohibited in the country. This should be taken into account by every traveler so as not to offend the faith of the local population.

The origin of Orthodoxy in Greece

Christianity began to spread in Greece since the middle of the 1st century AD thanks to the efforts of the Apostle Paul. He arrived in the Macedonian harbor of Naples, and then went to the territory of the neighboring town of Philippi. From there he embarked on a journey of Christian preaching. On the day Saint Paul first addressed the people of Philip, one of the wealthy townspeople named Lydia was baptized and inclined all her family members to him. It was Lydia who became the first Christian woman in Greece.

The history of Greek beliefs indicates that by the beginning of the 2nd century, Christian communities already existed in Athens, Thessaloniki, Corinth, Achaia and other large cities. By this time, in the Hellenic lands, together with Paul, the apostles Luke, John the Theologian, Andrew the First-Called, Procopius, Barnabas and Mark were reading sermons.

For about 300 years, Christians have been persecuted in Greece. Only with the deepening at the beginning of the 4th century of the schism of the Holy Roman Empire, which included the Hellenic lands, did the preconditions for the establishment of the Christian faith within them arise.

The question naturally arises about the years when Greece adopted Christianity. The conditions for this began to take shape during the reign of Constantine the Great (306-337). According to legend, an image of a cross appeared in the sky in the sky to the emperor, setting off for battle in 312, and the words "Conquer by this" were heard. Constantine defeated Maxentius in battle, and the following year - over Licinius, and became the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.

The Emperor believed that his success was due to the intercession of the Christian God. Therefore, in 313, he issued the Edict of Tolerance (Edict of Milan), which protected Christians from persecution. In 330, Constantine the Great moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople and declared that pagan cults would never again be practiced on the territory of this city.

In 380, during the reign of Emperor Theodosius, Christianity was proclaimed the religion of the Byzantine Empire. Thus, this belief became dominant in the Hellenic lands, which were then part of Byzantium.

The way Orthodoxy was established in Greece is complicated. So, by the 8th century, religious disputes between the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Pope of Rome intensified. They concerned the priests' right to marriage, the peculiarities of fasting, the wording of prayers, the language of worship and other aspects. The result of these contradictions was the split of Christianity in 1054 (the Great Church Schism) into Orthodoxy and Catholicism. The first became the dominant religion in the east of the Byzantine Empire, which included the Greek lands, the second - in the West (centered in Rome).

As the official religion in Greece, Orthodox Christianity has existed since June 11, 1975. On this day, the constitution of the modern republic was adopted, on the pages of which Orthodoxy was enshrined as a state faith.

What religion prevails in modern Greece

Greece is not only an ancient heritage led by the Acropolis, an alluring turquoise sea and magical cuisine. It is also a great route for religious tourism. Moreover, at any time of the year, and not in season, without heat and crowds, it is even more pleasant.

MOSAIC SURVIVORS OF THE OSMAN

The famous 11th century Byzantine monastery of Daphne is located 11 kilometers northwest of Athens. What was seen in textbooks as one of the best examples of architecture of the Middle Byzantine period can be truly felt. Byzantine mosaics of the Comnenian dynasty of the 12th century, a preserved Ionic column (the other three were taken to England in the 19th, and the Greeks made copies of them). By the way, in connection with the massive export of artifacts, a huge tooth is generally sharpened here: in the large-scale Acropolis Museum in Athens, notifications will come across every now and then that the originals have been exported to London.

The Daphnian monastery has experienced periods of devastation several times: first it was the crusaders, then the Ottomans, the 1999 earthquake. In 1458, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople, returned the monastery to the Orthodox, and in 1821 it was dissolved. Since 1990 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Six kilometers from the center of the Greek capital, there is another outstanding monument of Byzantine architecture - the Kesariani monastery of the 11th century. The forest area here abounds with springs, and in the old days it was believed that water from them heals infertility. The Cathedral of the Presentation of the Most Holy Theotokos in the Temple stands on four columns from the late antiquity period; beautiful frescoes of the 17th and 18th centuries have survived. The monastery, founded by a certain Caesarea, also survived both the Crusaders and the Turks, and today it is a museum.

BELLS OF INDEPENDENCE

At the foot of the Acropolis you will find the Byzantine church of St. Nicholas Rangavas (this name belonged to a noble Constantinople-Athenian family). There is a special bell on the cross-domed church of the 11th century - it is believed that it was the first one installed after the liberation from the Turkish yoke.

REGRET THE SPLIT

By the way, about independence. The attempt of Petro Poroshenko and Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to make the Ukrainian Church independent from Moscow is perceived here with restraint and without visible enthusiasm. And the split between the Moscow and Constantinople patriarchates because of the tomos adventures - with regret. Even if not publicly. Although during this time I met such an odious opinion of one abbot of the monastery: "Why did Stalin give autocephaly to Georgians, but Ukrainians are not allowed?"

The official position of the Greek Church on this matter has not yet been announced. Greeks, such Greeks.

The origin of Orthodoxy in Greece. Holy places of Greece. Are there any differences between Greek and Russian Orthodoxy. Other religious trends.

Greece is not only an ancient heritage led by the Acropolis, an alluring turquoise sea and magical cuisine. It is also a great route for religious tourism. Moreover, at any time of the year, and not in season, without heat and crowds, it is even more pleasant.

MOSAIC SURVIVORS OF THE OSMAN

The famous 11th century Byzantine monastery of Daphne is located 11 kilometers northwest of Athens. What was seen in textbooks as one of the best examples of architecture of the Middle Byzantine period can be truly felt. Byzantine mosaics of the Comnenian dynasty of the 12th century, a preserved Ionic column (the other three were taken to England in the 19th, and the Greeks made copies of them). By the way, in connection with the massive export of artifacts, a huge tooth is generally sharpened here: in the large-scale Acropolis Museum in Athens, notifications will come across every now and then that the originals have been exported to London.

The Daphnian monastery has experienced periods of devastation several times: first it was the crusaders, then the Ottomans, the 1999 earthquake. In 1458, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople, returned the monastery to the Orthodox, and in 1821 it was dissolved. Since 1990 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Six kilometers from the center of the Greek capital, there is another outstanding monument of Byzantine architecture - the Kesariani monastery of the 11th century. The forest area here abounds with springs, and in the old days it was believed that water from them heals infertility. The Cathedral of the Presentation of the Most Holy Theotokos in the Temple stands on four columns from the late antiquity period; beautiful frescoes of the 17th and 18th centuries have survived. The monastery, founded by a certain Caesarea, also survived both the Crusaders and the Turks, and today it is a museum.

BELLS OF INDEPENDENCE

At the foot of the Acropolis you will find the Byzantine church of St. Nicholas Rangavas (this name belonged to a noble Constantinople-Athenian family). There is a special bell on the cross-domed church of the 11th century - it is believed that it was the first one installed after the liberation from the Turkish yoke.

REGRET THE SPLIT

By the way, about independence. The attempt of Petro Poroshenko and Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to make the Ukrainian Church independent from Moscow is perceived here with restraint and without visible enthusiasm. And the split between the Moscow and Constantinople patriarchates because of the tomos adventures - with regret. Even if not publicly. Although during this time I met such an odious opinion of one abbot of the monastery: "Why did Stalin give autocephaly to Georgians, but Ukrainians are not allowed?"

The official position of the Greek Church on this matter has not yet been announced. Greeks, such Greeks.

SEAFARERS SAVED THE POWER OF THE PATRIARCH DROPPED TO BOSPHORUS

Greece is not only an ancient heritage led by the Acropolis, an alluring turquoise sea and magical cuisine. It is also a great route for religious tourism. Moreover, at any time of the year, and not in season, without heat and crowds, it is even more pleasant.

MOSAIC SURVIVORS OF THE OSMAN

The famous 11th century Byzantine monastery of Daphne is located 11 kilometers northwest of Athens. What was seen in textbooks as one of the best examples of architecture of the Middle Byzantine period can be truly felt. Byzantine mosaics of the Comnenian dynasty of the 12th century, a preserved Ionic column (the other three were taken to England in the 19th, and the Greeks made copies of them). By the way, in connection with the massive export of artifacts, a huge tooth is generally sharpened here: in the large-scale Acropolis Museum in Athens, notifications will come across every now and then that the originals have been exported to London.

The Daphnian monastery has experienced periods of devastation several times: first it was the crusaders, then the Ottomans, the 1999 earthquake. In 1458, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople, returned the monastery to the Orthodox, and in 1821 it was dissolved. Since 1990 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Six kilometers from the center of the Greek capital, there is another outstanding monument of Byzantine architecture - the Kesariani monastery of the 11th century. The forest area here abounds with springs, and in the old days it was believed that water from them heals infertility. The Cathedral of the Presentation of the Most Holy Theotokos in the Temple stands on four columns from the late antiquity period; beautiful frescoes of the 17th and 18th centuries have survived. The monastery, founded by a certain Caesarea, also survived both the Crusaders and the Turks, and today it is a museum.

BELLS OF INDEPENDENCE

At the foot of the Acropolis you will find the Byzantine church of St. Nicholas Rangavas (this name belonged to a noble Constantinople-Athenian family). There is a special bell on the cross-domed church of the 11th century - it is believed that it was the first one installed after the liberation from the Turkish yoke.

REGRET THE SPLIT

By the way, about independence. The attempt of Petro Poroshenko and Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to make the Ukrainian Church independent from Moscow is perceived here with restraint and without visible enthusiasm. And the split between the Moscow and Constantinople patriarchates because of the tomos adventures - with regret. Even if not publicly. Although during this time I met such an odious opinion of one abbot of the monastery: "Why did Stalin give autocephaly to Georgians, but Ukrainians are not allowed?"

The official position of the Greek Church on this matter has not yet been announced. Greeks, such Greeks.

SEAFARERS SAVED THE POWER OF THE PATRIARCH DROPPED TO BOSPHORUS

You should also see the Athens Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos. It began to be built in 1842 from 72 destroyed metropolitan churches from marble. Inside are the tombs of two saints killed by the Ottomans: Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople and Saint Philotheus. Saint Philotheus was executed for the ransom of Greek women from Turkish harems in 1559. And the conquerors hanged the Patriarch on the personal order of Mehmed II. In 1821, the Turks dropped his relics into the Bosphorus in response to the Greek uprising for independence. They were rescued by Greek sailors, and were subsequently transported from Odessa to Athens.

TREASURES IN BASEMENT

Greece is not only an ancient heritage led by the Acropolis, an alluring turquoise sea and magical cuisine. It is also a great route for religious tourism. Moreover, at any time of the year, and not in season, without heat and crowds, it is even more pleasant.

MOSAIC SURVIVORS OF THE OSMAN

The famous 11th century Byzantine monastery of Daphne is located 11 kilometers northwest of Athens. What was seen in textbooks as one of the best examples of architecture of the Middle Byzantine period can be truly felt. Byzantine mosaics of the Comnenian dynasty of the 12th century, a preserved Ionic column (the other three were taken to England in the 19th, and the Greeks made copies of them). By the way, in connection with the massive export of artifacts, a huge tooth is generally sharpened here: in the large-scale Acropolis Museum in Athens, notifications will come across every now and then that the originals have been exported to London.

The Daphnian monastery has experienced periods of devastation several times: first it was the crusaders, then the Ottomans, the 1999 earthquake. In 1458, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople, returned the monastery to the Orthodox, and in 1821 it was dissolved. Since 1990 it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Six kilometers from the center of the Greek capital, there is another outstanding monument of Byzantine architecture - the Kesariani monastery of the 11th century. The forest area here abounds with springs, and in the old days it was believed that water from them heals infertility. The Cathedral of the Presentation of the Most Holy Theotokos in the Temple stands on four columns from the late antiquity period; beautiful frescoes of the 17th and 18th centuries have survived. The monastery, founded by a certain Caesarea, also survived both the Crusaders and the Turks, and today it is a museum.

BELLS OF INDEPENDENCE

At the foot of the Acropolis you will find the Byzantine church of St. Nicholas Rangavas (this name belonged to a noble Constantinople-Athenian family). There is a special bell on the cross-domed church of the 11th century - it is believed that it was the first one installed after the liberation from the Turkish yoke.

REGRET THE SPLIT

By the way, about independence. The attempt of Petro Poroshenko and Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople to make the Ukrainian Church independent from Moscow is perceived here with restraint and without visible enthusiasm. And the split between the Moscow and Constantinople patriarchates because of the tomos adventures - with regret. Even if not publicly. Although during this time I met such an odious opinion of one abbot of the monastery: "Why did Stalin give autocephaly to Georgians, but Ukrainians are not allowed?"

The official position of the Greek Church on this matter has not yet been announced. Greeks, such Greeks.

SEAFARERS SAVED THE POWER OF THE PATRIARCH DROPPED TO BOSPHORUS

You should also see the Athens Cathedral of the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos. It began to be built in 1842 from 72 destroyed metropolitan churches from marble. Inside are the tombs of two saints killed by the Ottomans: Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople and Saint Philotheus. Saint Philotheus was executed for the ransom of Greek women from Turkish harems in 1559. And the conquerors hanged the Patriarch on the personal order of Mehmed II. In 1821, the Turks dropped his relics into the Bosphorus in response to the Greek uprising for independence. They were rescued by Greek sailors, and were subsequently transported from Odessa to Athens.

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