Religious tourism in Belarus

Religious tourism in Belarus

The Belarusian tour operator, a private research and production unitary enterprise "Automated tourism technologies", is the largest company in the Republic of Belarus that specializes in domestic and inbound tourism. Today, PRPUE "Automated tourism technologies" is a successful travel company with many years of experience, a developed partner network and contractual relations with all recreation facilities and related tourism infrastructure in Belarus. Our company covers all possible types of tourism and religious tourism in Belarus is one of the priority areas in the development of the company.

In the Republic of Belarus, the confessional policy is aimed at maintaining and strengthening interfaith peace and harmony in the Belarusian society. The state is guided by the principle of the equality of religions before the law and takes into account their influence on the formation of the traditions of the Belarusian society. In our country, there are more than 20 religious denominations and trends: the origins of this situation must be sought in the history of the state.

Belarus boasts a large cultural heritage that is directly related to religious life. It includes churches, monasteries, churches, synagogues, mosques and wooden temples of the Old Believers have also survived. Every year, numerous pilgrims from different countries visit holy sites and spiritual festivals.

Religions of Belarus

The religious situation on the territory of the state has always been ambiguous. At different times, new movements appeared, which eventually found many followers among the local residents. Today the Republic of Belarus is a tolerant state in which four world confessions have found a common language for centuries:

An explanation of the current situation can be found in the history of the state for many centuries. At different times, representatives of other religions came to the territory of modern Belarus. One way or another, the peoples interacted with each other: they traded, entered into mixed marriages. All this contributed to the development of religious tolerance, acceptance and understanding of the norms and customs of various religions. An example of this can be the town of Ivye, Grodno region, where, before the Second World War, a mosque, a synagogue, a church and an Orthodox church were located on the same square.

Christianity was the first of all world confessions to come to Belarus. According to historians, in 986 the Icelandic missionary Thorvald the Traveler founded the temple and monastery of St. John the Baptist in Polotsk. And already in 988 the Kiev prince Vladimir baptized Russia according to the Byzantine model. After Christianity split into two branches - Orthodoxy and Catholicism, the position of both churches on the territory of Belarus was approximately the same until the conclusion of the Brest Union in 1596, which created a new trend in Christianity - Uniatism. This was a unique moment in the history of religion, an attempt to unite two major trends and create an adapted version of Christianity for the Belarusian population. As a result, the idea failed, but the representatives of the Uniatism continue their activities today.

The first information about the penetration of Judaism into the territory of modern Belarus dates back to the 9th-13th centuries. Basically, Jews moved to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from Western Europe, because the laws in force in relation to this people on the territory of the country at that time were the most progressive and tolerant in all of Europe. It is worth noting that since the end of the 18th century, by decree of Catherine II, the so-called “Pale of Settlement” ran through the territory of Belarus, which was already part of the Russian Empire, according to which Jews could compactly live only in the western territories of the empire, i.e. in fact, on the Belarusian lands, which determined to some extent the religious situation.

Islam is the youngest world religion not only in the world, but also on the territory of Belarus. The first Muslims in Belarus appeared in the 14th century, when the Grand Duke of Lithuania Gedymin invited the Tatars from the Golden Horde and Crimea to join the Lithuanian army and fight against the crusaders. It was from this time that the Tatar Muslim community began to form on the territory of Belarus. The first cities where representatives of the new religion settled were Grodno, David-Gorodok, Ivye, Kletsk, Koydanovo, Novogrudok. These were mainly representatives of Sunni Islam. Before the Great Patriotic War, there were 17 mosques on the territory of Western Belarus. Today there are less than 10 of them.

Cult places of Belarus

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