Places for pilgrims: amazing temples and monasteries of Crimea

The most unusual and amazing Orthodox churches in Crimea

Pilgrimage or religious tour "Christian shrines of the Crimea" is intended to acquaint pilgrims - excursionists with the history of the birth of Christianity in the Crimea. Pilgrims will touch the ancient Christian shrines and can participate in religious ceremonies.

VENUE: Russia, Crimea

ROUTE: Feodosia - Old Crimea - Sudak - Alushta - Yalta - Foros - Sevastopol - Bakhchisarai - Simferopol


The pilgrimage tour includes a 5 or 10-day stay of excursion pilgrims in Crimea, depending on the route they have chosen. All routes begin in Yeodosia. The pilgrimage 10-day tour begins with visiting temples in Feodosia and passes through the historical and holy places of the Crimean cities: Old Crimea, Sudak, Alushta, Yalta, Foros, Sevastopol, Bakhchisaray and ends in the city of Bakhchisarai. imferopol. Pilgrims will visit 25 temples.

Pilgrimage tours include the following programs: - 5-day program of the Pilgrimage tour with a visit to the historical and sacred places of South-Eastern Crimea, i.e. the city of Feodosia, its environs and nearby villages. Pilgrims will visit 10 temples. - 10-day program of the Pilgrimage tour with a visit to the historical and holy places of the Crimean cities: Feodosia, Yalta, Sevastopol. Pilgrims will visit 15 temples.

During the tour, pilgrims will visit ancient and currently operating Christian churches and monasteries, memorable and historical places associated with the birth of Christianity in Crimea, get acquainted with the temples and holy places of Feodosia, from which the glorious path of Christianity began in Crimea. Also, pilgrims will visit the Vladimir Cathedral - the place of the baptism of St. Prince Vladimir and get acquainted with the history of the beginning of Christianity in Russia. Pilgrims will visit the active nunnery of St. Paraskevy (Toplovsky Monastery), as well as the Monastery of Saints Kozma and Damian (Kozmodamianovsky Monastery).

Tour program

Arrival. Hotel accommodation. Breakfast. City tour - "Feodosia - the city of the XXV centuries". Visiting the operating Orthodox churches: "Introduction to the Church of the Most Holy Theotokos", the temple "Iveron Icon of the Mother of God", external inspection of the temple of the XIII century, "John the Theologian". Visit to the functioning Orthodox church “Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God”.

Bus excursion to the city of Old Crimea. Historical information about the Old Crimea (Solkhat, Eski-Kerim). Visit to the active Orthodox Church of the Assumption. Holy Mother of God "in the city, as well as the medieval Armenian monastery" Surbt Khach "(Holy Cross).

Bus excursion to the village. Topolevka. Visit to the active nunnery of St. Paraskevy Pyatnitsa - "Toplovsky Monastery". Excursion around the territory of the famous old Orthodox female Toplovsky monastery. Acquaintance with its history, visiting two ancient and well-known holy healing springs of St. George the Victorious and Three Saints. Springs and hot tubs (bathing in hot tubs on request)

Temple Lighthouse

The lighthouse temple of St. Nicholas of Mirlikisky is the highest temple in Crimea (65 meters). It was erected in memory of all the dead sailors. Construction began in 2004, the consecration of the temple took place on May 15, 2007. At the bottom of the temple is the Museum of Marine Disasters, and under the dome is a searchlight, the light of which can be seen far into the sea. Also on the territory are anchors, anchor chains, bollards and other items related to ships.

Coordinates: Alushta, s. Malorechenskoe, st. Dizha, 17

Lost in the Mountains

The church of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Luke became snow-white quite recently. Before that, the building, built in 1904, was in a deplorable state for a long time. The temple is located in the Bakhchisarai region, in the disappeared village of Laki (translated from Greek, it means "a valley surrounded on all sides by mountains"). The history of this village is very tragic. During the Great Patriotic War, within half an hour, it was completely destroyed by the Germans. Each burned down house (there were 87 courtyards in total) became a family grave. The priest was shot right in the church. The restoration of the Orthodox monastery in Laki is an eternal memory to all those who lived and died defending their homeland.

Coordinates: Bakhchisaray district, valley of the Kacha river, between the villages of Bashtanovka and Mashino, turn according to the sign - "Laki 8 km".

Cradle of Orthodoxy

St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Chersonesos is known far beyond the peninsula, since it is not just a temple, but an Orthodox shrine that immortalized the adoption of Christianity by Prince Vladimir the Great. The cathedral was founded in 1861. The ceremony was attended by the royal family. The first stone in its foundation was laid by Emperor Alexander II. He also approved the project of the future temple on the territory of the Chersonesos monastery.

During the Great Patriotic War, the building was badly damaged: the walls were cracked, the interior was almost completely destroyed. Reconstruction began in 1998. At the moment, there are two churches in the cathedral: the lower (consecrated in honor of the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos) and the upper (consecrated in honor of the holy Prince Vladimir equal to the Apostles).

Coordinates: Sevastopol, st. Ancient, 1 (territory of the museum-reserve "Chersonesos Tauric")

Beaded Temple

Settlement of the cave monastery of St. Anastasia the Patterner in Kachi-Kalion began, according to scientists, in the 8th century. All the interior decoration of the church (walls, icons, church utensils, chandeliers, icon lamps) is now sheathed and decorated with beads and beads. Nearby is the source of St. Anastasia - seeping through a crack in the rock, water accumulates in a round font. Over the relatively short history of the monastery's existence, there is evidence of believers heal from the water from this holy source.

Coordinates: Bakhchisaray district. from. Bashtanovka, cave town "Kachi-Kalion"

The ruins of ancient temples, cave monasteries in river valleys and on cliffs, the oldest functioning churches, the relics of great saints attract pilgrims from all over the world. The Crimean Peninsula is a keeper of unique Christian shrines from different eras. Foma has chosen several of the most interesting places in Crimea.

The oldest temple in Crimea

Photo by Vahe Martirosyan/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.

One of the oldest cities in the world - Kerch: it is known that its territory was inhabited in prehistoric times. Among the main attractions of Kerch are numerous excavations of ancient cities and barrows, ancient fortresses. It is here that the oldest temples in Crimea and one of the oldest temples throughout the CIS are located.

The Church of St. John the Baptist, built, according to various assumptions of scientists, between the 8th and 11th centuries, is the only Byzantine church in the Northern Black Sea region that survived during many historical cataclysms. During its existence, the temple has visited the most important Christian center, and was converted into a mosque, and repeatedly reached a dilapidated state with broken windows and grass on the roof.

At the beginning of the 30s of the XX century, the church was closed "due to the lack of a parish", then a museum of ancient art was placed in it, and only in 1990 the temple was transferred to the Orthodox Church.

Today the Church of St. John the Baptist is a functioning temple, consisting of an ancient part and construction of the 19th century, thanks to its unique and centuries-old history, covered with many legends and legends.

Temple at -m above sea level

Photo Alex Malev/Flickr/CC BY-SA 2.

The Church of the Ascension of Christ in Foros is unique in its location - it is erected on a steep cliff and is facing the altar not to the east, but towards the sea - a feature inherent only in the southern coastal temples. From the sea side, the church stands out brightly against the background of the rocks and serves as a beacon for sea travelers.

The history of the temple is also amazing. It was built in memory of the miraculous rescue of Alexander III and his family. On October 17, 1888, the train in which the imperial family was traveling derailed, but Alexander managed to keep the collapsing roof of the carriage so that everyone managed to get out.

In the 30s of the XX century, the church was plundered, and during the Great Patriotic War it served as a refuge for border guards and was under fire from the Nazis. After the war, there was a restaurant in the temple: it was closed in the 1960s after the Shah of Iran, who was traveling in the Crimea, accompanied by Nikita Khrushchev, refused to enter it, considering it blasphemy. After that, the church was used as a warehouse until a fire broke out there. The temple was abandoned completely and returned to the Orthodox Church only in 1990, and in 2004 it was completely restored and opened to the public.

SIMFEROPOL, 15 Aug - RIA Novosti Crimea. Thanks to its rich history, multinational Crimea has many interesting places for pilgrims: churches, mosques, monasteries, etc. Moreover, in some cities, churches of different denominations are adjacent to each other.

RIA Novosti Crimea has made a selection of unusual structures that will be of interest to those who prefer religious tourism.

Tekie Dervishes

The complex is located in Evpatoria. It includes the temple of dervishes, the ruins of the stone mosque Shukurlla-Efendi and the building of the madrasah (Muslim educational institution), which now houses the ethnographic museum of the Crimean Tatars.

Today they conduct excursions. Also, from time to time, ritual dances of dervishes in long skirts are organized here for tourists. Since ancient times, monks have circled in an unusual dance in order to achieve a trance called "waj", that is, to experience the presence of God.

Vladimir Cathedral in Chersonesos

During the Great Patriotic War, the cathedral was damaged twice. In 1944, the Germans blew it up before retreating. The temple was restored only in the 2000s. In 2004, for the first time after a long break, an Easter service was held here.

Juma-Jami Mosque

Some sources say that for a long time the Koran of the XIV century and the letter on which 18 Crimean khans left their signatures were kept in the mosque, but after the Great Patriotic War they disappeared.

In Soviet times, there was a museum in Juma-Jami. And in 1985, two minarets were completely restored here, one of which collapsed before 1665, the other in 1836. In the 1990s, the mosque was returned to believers.

Donor Temple

The donators' temple near the village of Zalesnoye, Bakhchisarai region, is unusual in that it was carved into the rock. It offers a picturesque view of the surroundings. According to some reports, the church was built in the XIV century at the expense of the princely family. Earlier donors, on whose donations the holy place was built and maintained, were called donors. The temple was named in their honor.

The church is decorated with frescoes inside. The images on the walls are poorly preserved to this day, but you can still see Christ, the Mother of God, the liturgy of the Holy Grail. In a small room, steps leading to the altar are carved out of stone, there is an ancient bench for the clergy and even a window.

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