Is ecotourism a whim or an internal need of a modern person? What is the difference between this form of recreation and the usual pastime in nature?
What is the ecological capacity of a territory and how do natural parks of the Volgograd Region attract those who put the preservation of ecology above consumer needs? These and other questions are answered by "AiF" -NP "and our interlocutors.
Eco-tourism is defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), “Sustainable travel to preserve the environment and support local communities.”
The main objects of ecotourism are national and natural parks, reserves, arboretums, botanical gardens. The potential of the Volgograd region in this regard is high. Almost 8% of the region's area is occupied by specially protected natural areas. We have two great rivers, the Volga and the Don, there are seven natural parks with different ecosystems - forests, steppes and semi-deserts.
In the Volgograd region, the development of tourism, including environmental tourism, is one of the priorities of the regional authorities. The regional office of the National Union of Hospitality Industry Enterprises (OSIG) is also actively working in this direction. Interaction is being built with all parties interested in the development of this sphere and the advancement of the region at the all-Russian level.
- This year, instead of resting abroad, we traveled with children to the natural parks of our region, - says Irina Pichuga from Volzhan. - And we very much regretted that we had not been before - how beautiful it is there, how many birds and animals we saw.
Ecotourism and landmark events are popularized: orienteering competitions in the Tsimlyansk Sands Park, a sand figure competition, an art song competition in the Shcherbakovsky Natural Park and others.
And the Elton Ultra marathon in Eltonsky Park has become an event not only of Russian, but of an international scale. More than 800 participants from nine countries of the world took part in the competition last year. The maximum running distance was 205 km, the total number of guests exceeded 2500 people. In the same year, a live broadcast of the marathon was organized on TV, in Yandex. fire ”and on the running sites. The media, including foreign ones, published about 400 publications about the event.
Such attention has created popularity of the ultramarathon itself, and with it our region. Athletes say: if you have ever run on Elton, it will always beckon. This means that the number of participants and guests of the only trail marathon in Russia in the semi-desert zone will only increase.
The Shcherbakovsky Natural Park in the Kamyshinsky District has its own specialty - children's ecotourism. Before the introduction of restrictive measures, the park was annually visited by up to 1.5 thousand children of different ages - they participated in excursions, field workshops and environmental expeditions with the participation of scientists.
At present, an ecological educational program "Eco-school" Shcherbakovsky ": immersion" is being prepared for the young generation. It is a project of a two-day stay in the park, including lectures, master classes, research and adventure. The second project, the program of ecological educational expeditions "Reserved Holidays", is under development.
In Tunisia, there is an excursion for tourists to the village of the ancient people of the Berbers - these are houses cut into the rock, which are thousands of years old. For tourists, bread is baked according to an old recipe, national clothes are demonstrated. It's delicious and interesting. There are similar educational trips in Crete and Montenegro. Local residents proudly cherish traditions, and the authorities support them - after all, this attracts tourists.
Why is the Volgograd region worse? And nothing! We also have national attractions and ethnic villages, which are supported by the authorities and are in increasing demand among tourists.
Sarepta was founded by the Germans from the Hernguter religious brotherhood, who arrived in our steppes according to the Tsar's manifesto. Thanks to them, the first water supply system in the Lower Volga region, an elevator, a museum, a public library, and a kindergarten appeared in Sarepta. And in our century, Sarepta has become a museum, in which there are many theatrical excursions, festivals, and interactive programs.
“We have the largest number of visitors from all regional museums - 200,000 people a year,” says Alla Papchenko, press secretary of the Old Sarepta Museum. - People want to touch another culture, history, architecture. Moreover, we have not only German culture, but also a Volga peasant's hut, an exhibition dedicated to the Tatar and Kalmyk peoples. "
Working hours: from 09:00 to 17:00, day off - Monday. Applications for excursions are accepted in advance.
Museum address: Volgograd, st. Izobilnaya, 10.
Translated - "Golden Camel". The core of the center is two Kazakh yurts and a Russian hut. One of the yurts is a museum of Kazakh culture, where they will tell about the culture of the Kazakh people and their customs, and feed them with national dishes.
“We have been working for 15 years,” says the founder of the center Smagul Muntaev. - On average, about 700 - 800 tourists come a year. They come from different cities of Russia from Kamchatka to Kaliningrad, as well as from Italy, Tasmania, Australia, China, Germany, the CIS. People are interested in learning about the life of different ethnic groups. In the yurt, I talk about the customs of our people, pour Kazakh tea, let them try on national costumes, hold the dombra. And in the Russian hut there is a grasp, a pot, a stove, you can understand how they lived in Russian villages.
Ethnic villages are very important for attracting tourists. "
After the excursion, you can ride two charming camels Elton and Eltonchik.
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