Among others, in Poland there is a distinctive ethnic group, the Kashubians, inhabiting part of the Polish seaside. If you happen to visit Gdansk and its environs, know that the Polish ethnos lives here with its coat of arms, anthem, flag and regional language. Many Kashubians live in the cities of Gdynia and Kartuzy.
The name of the ethnic group in Poland comes from the word “khuba”, meaning folds on clothes (traditional clothes of the Kashuba people with very wide folds).
The location of the Kashubians is delimited by the Vistula, the Baltic Sea, the Piasnitsa and Brda rivers. The cultural center of the nation is Gdansk, and their coat of arms depicts a vulture on a gold background.
The population of the Kashubians is from 50,000 according to some data to 500,000 according to others.
Tens of thousands of representatives of the nationality nowadays live not only in Poland, but in Canada and Latin America.
On March 19, representatives of the original ethnic group celebrate a national holiday - the Day of Unity of the Kashubians.
In general, Kashubians consider themselves Poles by citizenship, and Kashubians by ethnicity, referring to the Slavic group.
There has been a long debate about the Kashubian language, whether it is a dialect or an independent unit. Today in Poland about 6,000 children learn Kashubian at school as an additional language and even take exams in this regional language.
Moreover, there are over 70 dialects of the Kashubian language.
By the way, in the speech of the Kashubians there are words borrowed from the German language. This fact has a historical basis: once the territory where the Kashubians now live belonged to West Prussia.
Imagine fluffy pine trees, gentle sea, salty breeze, sand dunes and Teutonic castles in the distance. Have you presented? So, these are not lines from a ladies' novel set in the Middle Ages, like "Angelica in Anger", but the most modern reality of the Polish coast of the Baltic. In addition to good beach resorts, Poland also has lakes and mountains, nature reserves, castles, health resorts and many interesting cities "responsible" for the country's cultural wealth.
There is no dispute - the country's ski resorts cannot boast of huge elevation changes or super-difficult tracks. But they are quite developed in terms of infrastructure and offer a lot of entertainment for children and adults. So the Polish slopes are a sensible choice for those who go on vacation with the whole family and just get up on skis. The flatness of the local slopes is well compensated by an interesting "excursion", delicious cuisine and high-quality service.
The capital is Warsaw, a unique city: an uninitiated tourist is unlikely to guess that the old central streets, churches and castles are just a reconstruction, albeit a very talented one. Warsaw, which at the beginning of the 20th century was called "Eastern Paris" for its refined beauty, was almost completely destroyed during the Second World War, but today its main attractions have been masterfully recreated according to authentic drawings. Almost all of them - from the Royal Palace to Krakowskie Przedmiecie - are concentrated on the right bank of the Vistula, where most of the hotels, restaurants and shopping centers are located.
The northern and western districts of Warsaw are of no interest to tourists.
The second most popular Polish city is Krakow, the former capital with a rich history and smart buildings. Attractions are worth looking for in the Stare Miasto area with the eclectic Royal Castle and the medieval Market Square. The area of Nowa Huta is famous for Stalin's skyscrapers, the Menagerie - for forests and parks, Kazimierz - for antique shops and Jewish restaurants.
Lodz is not bursting at the seams from the tourist crowds, but that's why it is beautiful: it is more pleasant to get acquainted with its elegant villas, museums, shopping malls and restaurants in silence. The main treasures of Wroclaw are numerous bridges over the Oder River, singing fountains, streets of the old center, and also funny gnomes, whose figurines are literally at every step. Poznan is a city of concerts and festivals, Lublin is a university city with trendy bars and unusual excursion routes.
David Lynch filmed Empire Inland in the red brick factories of Lodz. The city, which looks like a movie set, even has its own Avenue of Stars.
On our pages you will find all the details about the cities of Poland and the most interesting tours to the country.
Time difference with Moscow
Today, the State Duma of the Russian Federation in the first reading adopted amendments to the law "On freedom of conscience and religious associations", according to which the pilgrimage activity will receive legal status and will be separated from tourism. The document assumes that only religious organizations will be able to engage in this activity. The bill was initiated by the Russian Orthodox Church, whose representatives told Kommersant that the corresponding amendments would be made to the law “On the Basics of Tourist Activity”.
Tula is an ancient city, its history is closely connected with the history of the development of the state. The religious formation of Tula went through all the difficult stages together with the country.