Shrines of the 3 religions of Jerusalem
Jerusalem is a holy city for the three main world religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam. An amazing and colorful city that annually attracts many pilgrims and tourists from all over the world. In ancient times, cartographers depicted Jerusalem as the center of the world.
The history of Jerusalem begins in the distant fourth millennium BC. Many wars took place here, the city belonged to various kingdoms and empires, suffered sieges and collapses. Traces of man and settlements were in Jerusalem two thousand years before our era. Even during the Canaanite period. This is where most of the events from the biblical scriptures took place.
In ancient times, Israel was conquered by King David, who united the tribes into a single state. His son, Solomon, built a royal palace and the First Temple here. But after his death, Jerusalem fell apart again. Over the years, Jerusalem has been conquered by various kings and kings. Its walls collapsed and passed from one kingdom to another.
A panorama of the city of its historical part and its modern, will open from the observation deck on the Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives (Olive) is a three-headed mountain in Jerusalem. Another name is Jebel al-Zeitun (in Arabic), Har Hazeitim (in Hebrew). Mount Olive saw how King David came here to pray, and here he fled from his rebellious son Absalom. And his other son, Solomon, insulted the sacred mountain with "temples of abomination", which, with his permission, were built by his pagan wives.
But from today's point of view, if you know how many people from different confessions pray on the Mount of Olives, it seems that Solomon was ahead of his time, wishing that everyone could pray here. After all, God is one, they simply honor Him with different words and in different guises. And then they all lie on the same ground.
Mount Zion is located south of the Old City of Jerusalem. At the time of the Savior, Zion was within the city walls. Mount Zion is mentioned in the Old Testament as a place chosen by God. It was here, in Zion, that King David, having conquered the city of Jebus, erected a palace where he transferred the Ark of the Covenant. Here is the tomb of King David, who was recognized as the prophet of three religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the ancient synagogue named after David. Nabi-Daud Mosque.
On Mount Zion, right above the Tomb of David, there is another shrine: the chamber of the Last Supper. Whether the last supper of Christ with the disciples took place here is also a moot point. But there was no one to argue with the crusaders who took Jerusalem, so they built their church where they saw fit. In 1335 the church went to the Franciscans, in the 15th century - to the Muslims and “changed into a mosque”, inside it remained completely Gothic.
Old City - sightseeing tour of the Jewish, Christian and Armenian quarters of the Old City.
The Old City of Jerusalem in Israel is a very small (0.88 km²) area, separated from the modern city by fortress walls.
Here is the real concentration of the shrines of the three world religions.
Lao Tzu once said that the more you travel, the less you know. Orthodox asceticism also assumes that an abiding stay in a cell can teach a lot, if not everything. The Holy Land was for Seraphim of Sarov right next to the desert, and for other ascetics the same. Patriarch Nikon generally built New Jerusalem for Russians - pray for health!
If we were even a little like saints, we probably wouldn't need to go on pilgrimages either. But we are weak and spiritually immature people, therefore, the craving for pilgrimage in the modern world is associated with the state of our faith. And our faith needs nourishment ...
I was 14 years old when a friend suggested that I make a pilgrimage to the shrines of the capital and venerate the relics of St. Sergius. This was my first serious pilgrimage. We lived for a week in the Chernigov monastery of the Lavra, prayed, communicated with the brethren. The conversations with Abbot Boris (Khramtsov), who have now embarked on the "path of all the earth", will forever remain in the memory. It was then that I fell in love with monasticism, seeing in the monks the burning of the Everlasting Light, which made them truly “different”. In my life, that pilgrimage was a turning point.
Then there were many pilgrimage trips, and almost all of them made up that supply of bright joy, to which you turn in moments of despondency for comforting memories.
Pilgrimages are different ... I was very impressed by the story of our contemporary, writer Natalia Sukhinina. In 1990, on the day of the uncovering of the relics of St. Sergius of Radonezh, she left the gates of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra in the direction of Jerusalem and at the end of the 20th century walked the same path as the pilgrims of the time of tsarist Russia.
This first pilgrim of modern times was blessed by Patriarch Alexy II. Moreover, in those years, a pilgrimage from Russia to the Holy Land was impossible for a “mere mortal”: there were no diplomatic relations between Israel and our country. Natalia herself says about that path that she left as a secular journalist, and returned as a believer. This is such a transformation of personality. And only a pilgrimage can give this incredible experience of personal knowledge of faith.
There is certainly a danger of being tempted on a pilgrimage. But even in the cell we do not always remain in spiritual silence, but, being in one place, we manage to pull ourselves apart internally. Therefore, when planning a pilgrimage trip, one must seriously approach the organization of the pilgrimage itself in order to "minimize the temptations" that often happen from our own inattention.